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Referencing style

Informally published works

28 September 2023



    Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Year). Title of the work: Subtitle of the work. Name of Repository or Website. DOI or URL

    Bond, C., & Brough, M. (2007). The meaning of culture within public health practice: Implications for the study of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health. QUT ePrints.

    Dombroski, K., & Healy, S. (2018). Surviving well together. UC Research Repository.

    Kingi, T. K. (2005). Māori mental health: Past trends, current issues, and Māori responsiveness. Massey University.

    Wuest, T., Kusiak, A., Dai, T., & Tayur, S. R. (2020, May 11). Impact of COVID-19 on manufacturing and supply networks – The case for AI-inspired digital transformation. SSRN.


    • Parenthetical citations: (Bond & Brough, 2007; Dombroski & Healy, 2018; Kingi, 2005; Wuest et al., 2020)
    • Narrative citations: Bond and Brough (2007), Dombroski and Healy (2018), Kingi (2005), and (Wuest et al., 2020)
    • Informally published works are available online from e-print repositories (e.g., arXiv), institutional repositories (e.g., UC Research Repository), personal websites and so on.
    • An informally published work may not be peer reviewed or it may be the author’s final, peer-reviewed manuscript as accepted for publication. For peer-reviewed works, if possible refer to the final formally published version.
    • Usually the year alone is used in the Date area of the reference for informally published works. If a work is updated (e.g., Wuest et al., 2020), provide the exact date of the revision in the reference (APA Style Experts, personal communication, May 21, 2021).
    • See also

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