Canterbury researchers in global effort to save Mekong Delta from drowning

11 May 2022

Vietnam’s Mekong Delta is a global agro-economic powerhouse, home to 17 million people, but rising sea levels and the unsustainable management of water and sediment could drown the delta by the end of the century.

  • Professor Tom Cochrane (far right) next to former PhD student Thanh Duc Dang

    University of Canterbury Professor Tom Cochrane (far right) next to former PhD student Thanh Duc Dang and photographed with local research partners on the Mekong Delta.

SDG 13

Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 13 - Climate Action

This prediction stems from international research involving the University of Canterbury (UC), University of California Berkeley, Stanford University, World Wildlife Fund (WWF), and several other institutions around the world.

UC is part of an international team whose research and call for action has just been published in one of the world’s top scientific journals, Science. The research team’s ongoing work highlights the potential demise of the Mekong Delta and proposes solutions to prevent the loss of this valuable ecosystem. 

Report co-author UC Engineering Professor Tom Cochrane and his PhD students have been researching the Mekong since 2009, studying the impact of dams, water infrastructure, climate, and agricultural development on the Mekong River ecosystems and livelihoods.

Titled ‘Save the Mekong from Drowning,” the new paper says people don’t realise how fragile the delta is.

“As most of the 40,000 km2 delta is less than two metres above sea level, this powerhouse could be drowned by the end of the century as a result of global sea-level rise and unsustainable management of water and sediment in the basin,” Professor Cochrane says. 

Only concerted action by the six countries in the upstream Mekong basin, on the Southeast Asian mainland, and better management of the delta could avoid such disasters.

The researchers identified six measures, requiring political will and cooperation from neighbouring countries, that would significantly increase the lifetime of the delta: 

  • Dams could be designed to enable better sediment passage, placed strategically to reduce downstream impact
  • Dams could be replaced by wind and solar farms where possible.
  • Sand mining should be strictly regulated and reduced using sustainable building materials and recycling
  • Intensive agriculture in the Mekong Delta should be reevaluated for its sustainability
  • Natural solutions for coastal protections should be implemented on a large scale along the delta’s coasts.
  • The delta’s water infrastructure should be adapted to permit floodwater and sediment connectivity

But the researchers say there are major roadblocks hampering these measures, despite their feasibility and global precedents. The concern is that the severity and urgency of the threat to the Mekong Delta may not have reached key decisionmakers, and has not been mainstreamed in planning and investments.

It is a clear call to action, says Professor Cochrane.

“A Mekong Delta that will thrive beyond the end of this century is possible, but requires fast and concerted action in a basin that’s been riddled by competition, rather than cooperation, between its riparian countries.”

  • Mekong Delta

    Mekong Delta

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