Wananga landing Wananga landing


10 May 2024

Sexual consent is an agreement to participate in sexual activity by someone with capacity. It involves the absence of coercion or force. Sexual violence includes any unwanted or unconsented sexual behaviour, comments, or harassment. No consent is sexual violence. Learn more about consent.

  • Agreement is freely wanting to have certain sexual contact
  • Under New Zealand law, consent has a specific meaning. The Crimes Act 1961 Section 128A defines capacity to consent. Consent can’t be given if someone:
    - is under 16;
    - is being forced or threatened;
    - is unconscious;
    - is too drunk;
    - is too high on drugs; or
    - has physical or mental impairment that means they can’t consent.
  • Consent is ongoing and active. You are free to stop and withdraw consent at any point and your partner needs to respect this.
  • Consent is informed and specific. Consenting to one type of sexual activity isn’t consenting to everything.
  • Consent needs to be sought every time. You can’t assume that you have consent just because you’ve had sexual contact before.
  • Consent can be communicated both verbally and non-verbally.


Sexual violence includes any unwanted or unconsented sexual behaviour, comments or harassment.

No consent = sexual violence

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