Smart Electrode Publications
See also Smart Electrode Technology overview
"Electrocuting logs to kill bugs." Article published in the New Zealand Forestry Bulletin - Winter 2020 (P8-9) by the Forestry Owners Association (FOA).
Download the article: Electrocuting logs to kill bugs
Electrical Conductivity of wood
Nursultanov, N.; Heffernan, W. J. B.; Altaner, C.; Pang, S. (2020). Anisotropic electrical conductivity of green timber within 20-90°C temperature range. Wood Science and Technology, 2020.
Project News (Feb 2020). Enhancement of electrical conductivity of trees—study and applications.
Nursultanov, N.; Altaner, C.; Heffernan, W. J. B. (2017). Effect of temperature on electrical conductivity of green sapwood of Pinus radiata (radiata pine). Wood Science and Technology, 2017, 51(4):795–809.
Joule Heating publications
Smart, T. (2020). Determining Current Distribution Within an Object Experiencing Joule Heating: Towards Application on Pinus radiata Logs. PhD Thesis, University of Canterbury, New Zealand. Embargoed until 20 May 2023.
Nursultanov, N., Heffernan, W. J. B., Herel van, M. J. W. M. R., Nijdam, J.J. (2019). Computational calculation of temperature and electrical resistance to control Joule heating of green Pinus radiata logs. Journal Applied Thermal Engineering.
Nursultanov, N. (2018). Joule heating of green Pinus radiata logs for phytosanitary purposes: An in-depth investigation by experimentation and computational modelling. PhD Thesis, University of Canterbury, New Zealand.
Pawson, S.M.; Bader, M.K.F; Brockerhoff, E.G.; Heffernan, W.J.B.; Kerr, J.L.; O’Connor, B. (2018). Quantifying the thermal tolerance of wood borers and bark beetles for the development of Joule heating as a novel phytosanitary treatment of pine logs. Journal of Pest Science, July 2018.
William J.B. Heffernan; Nurzhan Nursultanov; Ryan van Herel; Thomas Smart. (2018). Joule heating of logs for phytosanitary purposes and timber processing pre-treatment. Advanced Materials Letters, Volume 9, Issue 11, November 2018, pp. 767-775.
Patent Application, Wood heating system and method, PCT/NZ20187/050029
Heffernan, W.J.B. (2013) Practical application of Joule heating to the sterilization of plantation grown Pinus radiata logs. Electricity Engineers’ Association Conference, New Zealand.