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CUP book

A Long Time Coming: The story of Ngāi Tahu’s treaty settlement negotiations with the Crown

20 November 2023

By Martin Fisher


October 2020
224pp, including 10pp colour, paperback
230 x 155mm
ISBN: 978-1-98-850311-0

The Ngāi Tahu settlement, like all other Treaty of Waitangi settlements in Aotearoa New Zealand, was more a product of political compromise and expediency than measured justice. The Ngāi Tahu claim, Te Kerēme, spanned two centuries, from the first letter of protest to the Crown in 1849 to the final hearing by the Waitangi Tribunal between 1987 and 1989, and then the settlement in 1998. Generation after generation carried on the fight with hard work and persistence and yet, for nearly all Ngāi Tahu, the result could not be called fair.

A Long Time Coming_cover

The intense negotiations between the two parties, Ngāi Tahu and the Crown, were led by a pair of intelligent, hard-nosed rangatira, who had a constructive but often acrimonious relationship – Tipene O’Regan and the Minister of Treaty Negotiations Doug Graham – but things were never that simple. The Ngāi Tahu team had to answer to the communities back home and iwi members around the country. Most were strongly supportive, but others attacked them at hui, on the marae and in the media, courts and Parliament. Graham and his officials, too, had to answer to their political masters. And the general public – interested Pākehā, conservationists, farmers and others – had their own opinions.

In this measured, comprehensive and readable account, Martin Fisher shows how, amid such strong internal and external pressures, the two sides somehow managed to negotiate one of the country’s longest legal documents. A Long Time Coming tells the extraordinary, complex and compelling story of Ngāi Tahu’s treaty settlement negotiations with the Crown. But it also shines a light, for both Māori and Pākehā, on a crucial part of this country’s history that has not, until now, been widely enough known.

Martin Fisher was born in Hungary and grew up in Canada and New Zealand. He has a BA (Hons) from the University of Otago, an MA from McGill University, and a PhD from Victoria University of Wellington, all in history. Martin worked as an academic tutor for a range of courses in history, political studies and management. He also worked in the Treaty of Waitangi claims process, first as a researcher for the Office of Treaty Settlements and the Crown Forestry Rental Trust, and then from 2012 to 2014 as a research analyst/inquiry facilitator at the Waitangi Tribunal. He joined the Ngāi Tahu Research Centre at the University of Canterbury as a lecturer in 2014.

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