In the phonology section, students will learn about how phonetic contrasts can be used to distinguish words. Languages differ from one another in what phonetic contrasts they use for this purpose, and students will be invited to solve problems from a variety of languages illustrating these differences in behaviour. The 'phoneme' concept, introduced in LING101, will be applied to new data. But, while languages differ phonologically, there are also strong tendencies that apply in most if not all languages. Students will be shown how phonological theory aims to account for these tendencies. In the morphology section, students will be introduced to linguistic morphology and word formation - the study of the internal structure of words and building on work in LING101.