PROD231-21S1 (C) Semester One 2021

Product Formulation 1

15 points

Start Date: Monday, 22 February 2021
End Date: Sunday, 27 June 2021
Withdrawal Dates
Last Day to withdraw from this course:
  • Without financial penalty (full fee refund): Sunday, 7 March 2021
  • Without academic penalty (including no fee refund): Friday, 14 May 2021


Properties of solid and liquid formulations, including particle size and shape, granulation, agglomeration, tableting, solubility, viscosity, colloids and suspensions. Common components of formulations for chemical, biological, pharmaceutical, personal and healthcare products and their functionalities.

The goal of the course is to deliver knowledge and practical skills relevant to formulation science. It enables students to have a broader understanding of properties of certain formulations, their mechanisms of action in biological and non-biological systems, delivery methods, ingredients, quality related issues and important processes involved in the development of formulated products including an initial understanding of the regulatory framework.

The knowledge obtained from the course can be applied into a wide range of industries including over-the-counter type healthcare, agricultural, household care chemical formulations but it has a special focus on cosmetics and personal care industry.

The course also equips students with a unique blend of technical, design and business aspects related to the topic with the integration of lectures and workshops on concept development and marketing strategies used in formulated products. Another goal is to facilitate the teamwork and problem solving skills through various classroom and laboratory activities.

The valuable collaborations with external contacts will allow students to have early connections with experts in the field.

Learning Outcomes

  • By the end of the course, you will be able to:
  • Understand a product brief, select suitable ingredients and know the steps involved in the
           formulation of different dosage forms including solutions, lotions, creams, pastes, gels,
           solids etc.
  • Describe the properties and characters of ingredients used in formulations. Identify quality
           issues, evaluation and regulatory aspects related to certain types of formulated products.
  • Recognise the biological or non-biological systems different formulations are intended to act
           on and the mechanisms of action of certain type of formulations.
  • Understand methods of testing the formulations and how desired properties of formulations
           are achieved with modifications.
  • Consider how Māori and other indigenous groups may view the storage, use and blending of
           materials and alteration of physical properties of formulated products.
  • Identify current global trends of formulated products, current marketing strategies of selected
           product types and construct a product development brief.


Recommended Preparation

Course Coordinator

Pram Lakmi Abhayawardhana

Course Administrator

Alison Lowery


Stacey Fraser

Lab Technician

Khoa Tran


Laboratories & lab notebook  Wk 3,4,6,7,10 - submission : 2 wks post experiment     25%
Case study presentation        Wk 12                                                                       15%
Assignment                          Wk 8                                                                         20%
Final Exam during exam period                                                                              30%
Quizzes and bonus points available                                                                          5%
Total 100%

Textbooks / Resources

Recommended Reading

Baki, Gabriella , Alexander, Kenneth S; Introduction to cosmetic formulation and technology ; John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2015.

Barel, A. O. , Paye, Marc, Maibach, Howard I; Handbook of cosmetic science and technology ; Fourth edition; CRC Press, 2014.

Sakamoto, Kazutami et al; Cosmetic science and technology : theoretical principles and applications ; Elsevier, 2017.

Tadros, Tharwat F; Formulation Science and Technology Vol. 3: Pharmaceutical, Cosmetic and Personal Care Formulations ; De Gruyter, Inc., 2018.


The prerequisite for this course is CHEM111 RP:BIOL111

Details for lecture and lab times can be found on ‘My timetable’ (  Any changes to the scheduled times will be communicated by email and/or on LEARN

Indicative Fees

Domestic fee $986.00

International fee $5,500.00

* All fees are inclusive of NZ GST or any equivalent overseas tax, and do not include any programme level discount or additional course-related expenses.

For further information see School of Product Design on the departments and faculties page .

All PROD231 Occurrences

  • PROD231-21S1 (C) Semester One 2021