I examine how contemporary and historical resource governance initiatives impact the distribution of economic benefits and ecological burdens along resource value chains. Alongside this, I investigate strategies employed by primary producers to adapt to conditions of restricted resource access. My research uses approaches from the fields of political ecology, indigenous studies, and feminist science studies. Using these approaches, I aim to: 1. Understand how resource formalization and trade initiatives affect the economic development of rural communities in New Zealand and elsewhere. 2. Identify and disseminate analyses of strategies used by small and medium-sized producers that facilitate the distribution of economic benefits to underserved groups.