Crisis, Conflict and Critical Diplomacy: EU Perceptions in Ukraine, Israel and Palestine (C3EU)

C3EU new website is https://jeanmonnet.nz/c3eu/

C3EU logo

Details

Time line

September 2015 – August 2018

Countries in focus

Ukraine, Israel/Palestine

Project description

Crisis, Conflict and Critical Diplomacy: EU Perceptions in Ukraine and Israel/Palestine (C3EU) - focused on EU images in key issue areas of economy, politics, foreign policy, energy, climate change, RS&I, civil society and culture/education.

The European Commission and the EEAS aim to more effectively engage with 3rd country publics and stakeholders. Ukraine and Israel/Palestine are currently embroiled in conflicts set in differing contexts which threaten the EU’s eastern and southern edges. It is critical that Europe diagnoses and understands EU perceptions in these volatile strategic neighbours and tracks expectations. C3EU traces perceptions towards the EU as well as broader visions of Europe as producers of diplomatic outcomes in conflicted societies.

Under new leadership, the EEAS has prioritized public diplomacy as a foreign policy instrument. In a multipolar world where public diplomacy is actively used by established and emerging powers, coherent EU action is needed. The intensity of the two conflicts makes EU public diplomacy much more critical than in non-conflict situations. C3EU provides empirical information to revise public diplomacy based on an assessment of EU perceptions. C3EU allows for the EU to reconceptualise policy towards Ukraine and Israel/Palestine and re-launch its image.

C3EU involves experts from leading EU perceptions studies and employs an internationally tested methodology to assess which EU messages resonate within divided societies and which target audiences are the most influenced by the EU. Framed by Strategic Narrative Theory, C3EU studies formation, projection and reception of EU narratives in Ukraine and Israel/Palestine.

Policy- and solution-oriented, C3EU longitudinal perceptions analysis covers the period from Euromaidan and ATO (Ukraine) and Operation Protective Edge (Israel) (2013-16) and informs about internal and external EU narratives disseminated in Ukraine and Israel/Palestine – for which audiences and with what reception. C3EU will trace external views on the EU’s: exit from its crisis; new leadership; response to the Ukrainian and Israeli/Palestine conflicts; attraction as a destination for migration, investment, business and education; appeal as an effective Normative Power; structural support and civil society outreach; current and future critical diplomacy when dealing with Ukraine and Israel/Palestine; and role as a legitimate and credible partner.

Project focus

A systematic account of EU perceptions in Ukraine and Israel/Palestine will equip Europe with operational and programming level tools. C3EU will focus on:

  1. The perceived strengths of the EU and the range of EU messages to build on these perceptions;
  2. Key target local audiences which are the most receptive to EU messages, presently and in the future;
  3. Protocols of assessing EU critical diplomacy effectiveness towards Ukraine and Israel/Palestine; and
  4. Initiatives to improve EU perceptions in conflict situations.

640 x 480

C3EU Research Workshop #1, TU Darmstadt, Germany

 C3EU Team

 C3EU Team at the Research Workshop #4 in KU Leuven, Belgium, April 2017

C3EU Team 2

C3EU team at the Embassy of Lithuania to Ukraine (with HE Marius Janukonis, the Ambassador of Lithuania to Ukraine, HE Luc Jacobs, the Ambassador of Belgium to Ukraine)

 

C3EU combines leading scholars with early-career researchers and draws on multidisciplinary expertise in EU external perceptions, CFSP, ENP, governance, IR, media, communication, cognitive and linguistic studies.  The research strategy examines:

  1. Official policy discourse towards the EU;
  2. EU media framing;
  3. EU perceptions among policy-makers;
  4. Youth; and
  5. Makes policy recommendations.

C3EU employs an innovative comprehensive approach using tested qualitative and quantitative methods to generate an accurate assessment of EU diplomatic engagement with Ukraine and Israel/Palestine under crises and provides a comprehensive avenue to improve EU perceptions. Ultimately, C3EU will provide EU stakeholders with unique information to elaborate relevant policies and devise outreach initiatives to influence target audiences in the most effective and cost-efficient manner.

C3EU Project Leader

Project Partners

Team NZ (all of NCRE, New Zealand)

Team Ukraine

  • Prof. Svitlana Zhabotynska, Cherkasy National University
  • Prof. Halyna Yavorska, Foreign Policy and International Security Department at the National Institute for Strategic Studies
  • Prof. Olena Morozova, V.N. Karazin Kharkiv National University

Early-career researchers who are involved in media and elite data collection:

  • Dr. Yevheniia Hobova, the Far East department of A. Krymskyi Institute of Oriental Studies, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine.
  • Assoc. Prof. Anastasiya Pshenichnykh, Karazin Kharkiv National University, Ukraine.
  • Assoc. Prof Viktor Velivchenko, Cherkasy Bohdan Khmelnytsky National University, Ukraine
  • Dr. Anna Kryvenko, Kyiv National Linguistic University, Ukraine

Team Israel

  • Prof. Sharon Pardo, the Department of Politics and Government at Ben-Gurion University of the Negev
  • Ms. Hila Zahavi, the Department of Politics and Government at Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU)

Early-career researchers who are involved in media and elite data collection: 

  • Ido Rosenblum, the department of Politics and Government and the Centre for the Study of European Politics and Society, at Ben-Gurion University of the Negev
  • Amir Jousey, the Department of Politics and Government at Ben-Gurion University of the Negev
  • Mai Dabbah, Ben Gurion University (Negev- Israel)

Team Palestine

  • Dr. Patrick Müller, the Faculty for Social Science at the University of the Basque Country

Team Technische Universität Darmstadt

  • Prof. Michèle Knodt, Technische Universität Darmstadt

Early-career researcher involved in elite data collection:

  • Katharina Kleinschnitger, Technische Universität Darmstadt

Team University of Leuven

Early-career researchers who are involved in media and elite data collection

  • Prof. Stephan Keukeleire, University of Leuven
  • Assis. Prof. Lien Verpoest, University of Leuven

Early-career researcher involved in elite data collection and Q-Sort:

  • Sharon Lecocq, University of Leuven
  • Irina Petrova, University of Leuven

  • Dr. Floor Keuleers, University of Leuven

Team UK

Royal Holloway, University of London

  • Prof. Ben O’Loughlin, the New Political Communication Unit, Royal Holloway, University of London.
  • Prof. Alister Miskimmon, Queen’s University, Belfast.
  • Pauline Heinrichs, Royal Holloway, University of London

Vytautas Magnus University

  • Šarūnas Liekis, Vytautas Magnus University

Research Consultants

  • Prof. Svetlana Beltyukova, University of Toledo, Ohio, USA
  • Prof. Christine Fox, University of Toledo, Ohio, USA

Ukraine

1991 – Declaration of the EC on Ukraine 
1992 – The first EU-Ukraine top-level meeting 
1993 – Opening of the EC Representation in Ukraine 
1994 – The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine ratified the Agreement on Partnership and Cooperation between Ukraine and the EU 
1998 – The Ukrainian President’s Decree 615 on approval of the Strategy of Ukraine's integration to the EU 
2004 - The 8th summit (Hague) - the status of a neighborhood country within the European Neighborhood Policy. 
2004 – Adoption of a Strategy Paper on the European Neighborhood Policy 
2005 - The 9th summit (Kyiv)
2009 – Launching of Eastern Partnership initiative 
2014 – Ukraine - EU Association Agreement
2015 - The 17th summit (Kyiv) - the first summit taking place under the framework of the Association Agreement

Ukraine C3EU Researcher Presentation (PPTX, 1.20MB)

Israel

1957-9 – Beginning (3rd delegation to the ECC)
1964/75 – Three Trade agreements
1980 – Venice declaration – Shadow on relations
1991/4 – Madrid/Oslo & Essen declaration
1995 – Association agreement (2000 adopted)
1995 – Euro-Med (Barcelona Process)
2000’s – Rules of origin
2004 – ENP (European Neighborhood Policy)
2005 – Israel ADOPTS (not signing) the ENP action plan
2008 – Luxemburg declaration… but freezing of the relation due to Gaza operation
2008 – 2013 Upgrade to update (same same but…)
2013 – EU’s Guidelines
2013 – Offering to Israel and Palestinians special privilege if…
2014 – Horizon 2020 (Research and development)
2015 – Marking products from settlements

Israel C3EU Researcher Presentation (PPTX, 1.19MB)

Palestine

1971 – The Schuman secret document 
1980 – The Venice declaration 
1993/4 – Oslo agreement – Leads to years of hope
1995/7 – EMP – Barcelona Process 
2003/5 – ENP 
2006 – Hamas wins the elections (Game changer)
2013 – Special privilege if…
2014 – EU Parliament votes yes for Palestinian state 
2014 – Hamas removed technically from the terrorist organization list
600 million Euro each year for… And so?

Palestine C3EU Researcher Presentation (PPTX, 1.18MB)

General description of media analysis method

Selected media outlets: Ukraine

Selected outlets

Ownership

Readership

Editions

Circulation

DAY Limited Liability Company “UKRAINIAN PRESS-GROUP” 137 760 readers from 18 to 65 (0,9% Cvr.) of one newspaper issue 4 times per week (hard copy edition, online edition) 62 500 issues(Ukr.), 7025 issues (Eng.)
SEGODNYA
(National)
Limited Liability Company “TODAY MULTIMEDIA” 665 040 readers of a newspaper issue (TNS, MMI Ukraine 2015'1+2015'2) daily, 4 times a week from Tuesday to Friday (hard copy edition, online edition)

190 143 copies (together with regional issues in Kharkov, Odessa, Kiev, Dnepropetrovsk)

Komentarii Limited Liability Company ‘Publishing House “Komentari” Serhiy Kurochkin (allegedly) unknown hard copy edition – once a week (on working Mondays) 500 copies a week (in Russian)
Gazeta po-ukrainsky Publisher's Group “Nova Informatsiya” Ltd. (Kostyantyn Zhevago, Ivan Vasyunik) TSN Ukraine 2014/2 + 2014/3 - 150 570 readers of an issue The editorial offices in Kiev, Lvov, Vinnitsa, Poltava, Cherkassy hard copy edition – twice a week on working Tuesdays and Fridays,  online edition Tuesday edition - 400 370 copies; Friday edition - 295 580 copies a week (in Ukrainian with quotations in Russian)
Dzerkalo Tyzhnia. Ukrayina
UKR
RUS
ENG
(no update since April 2015)
Limited Liablility Company “ZN” 265 200 readers of one issue (online and hard copy) hard copy edition – weekly (separate editions in Russian and Ukrainian); online edition 32 000 issues
Ukrayina Moloda Private Enterprise “Ukrayina Moloda” 120 000 readers a week hard copy edition – daily, 5 times per  week; online edition 90 751 issues
Uryadovyi Kuryer Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine 100 000 readers of one issue hard copy edition – daily, 5 times per week; online edition 500 000 issues per month

Power Point Presentation - “Ukraine_Selected Media” (PPTX, 1.17MB)

Selected Media Outlets: Israel/Palestine

Selected outlets

Ownership

Readership

Editions

Circulation

Yediot Ahronot Private: 
Moses family and 
Eliezer Fishman (3)
-popular 
-in public - everybody 
- owners - writers - subscribed readers “elite, anti-Bibi” (3)
Daily and extended on weekends (4) 35.4%* (4) 
Printing – 
174,000 daily, 
350,000 on weekends (5)
Israel Hayom
Online edition
Private:
Sheldon and Miriam Edelson (3)
-popular (but “elites” are more critical to it)
-in public
-Bibi’s "Shofar” (2)
-Central-right audience? *more important who stands behind it….
Daily and extended 
on weekends (4)
39.8%*(4)
Printing – 275,000 daily, 400,000 on weekends (6)
Kul Al Arab Private ownership by Al Arab Group Hard to examine exact audience but it’s the “Israeli –Arab People’s Newspaper”. Not attached to any political side On weekends 30% of the Arab-Israeli Population. Printing 30,000
Al Kuds
Archive
Private ownership. 2nd generation of Abu Zalaf family. But linked to the PLO. The most common newspaper on the West Bank. Linked to the PLO Daily broad-sheet Printing 20,000. 81.1% of the 18+ population in the West Bank
Al Ayam
PDF
Private ownership by Bashar El Masri Mainstream. Daily. Regular editions on weekends as well The 2nd on the West Bank. Exact Number is not available but less than 20 k.

Power Point Presentation - Israeli Palestinian Selected Media_Presentation (PPT, 1.18MB)

C3EU Researcher Workshop #3: Vilnius, Lithuania (September 1-3, 2016)

On September 1-3, in Vilnius (Lithuania), Associate Professor Natalia Chaban, with Professor Martin Holland, led a research workshop and a meeting of senior partner of the international research project “Crisis, conflict and critical diplomacy: EU perceptions in Ukraine and Israel/Palestine” (C3EU) Natalia is heading.

The Meeting was attended by all partners: Ukraine’s National Institute of Strategic Studies, Cherkasy National University and Kharkiv National University; University of Ben Gurion at the Negev (Israel), TU Darmstadt (Germany); University of Leuven (Belgium), Royal Holloway (UK), Vytautas Magnum University (Lithuania), and University of Toledo (USA).

The project has entered its second year and currently involves 32 researchers from 11 countries.

C3EU Workshop programme Lithuania (PDF, 1.71MB)

C3EU Researcher Workshop #2: Kyiv, Ukraine (April 18-21, 2016)

On April 18-21, the team of C3EU researchers met in Kyiv for the second Research Workshop within the framework of the C3EU project. The training took place in the Embassy of Lithuania to Ukraine. Meeting was attended by researchers and senior partners from Ukraine’s National Institute of Strategic Studies, Cherkasy National University and Kharkiv National University (Ukraine); University of Ben Gurion at the Negev (Israel); Vytautas Magnum University (Lithuania); University of Toledo (USA), and University of Canterbury (New Zealand). The team discussed interim results of the first three months in media data analysis – both teams have successfully completed daily monitoring and analysis for January-March 2016. The team also talked about the next tasks – next three months of media monitoring and newsmakers’ opinion analysis – and finalised the work plan till the next meeting in Vilnius on September 1-3.

C3EU Researcher Workshop #2 programme Ukraine (PDF, 2MB)

C3EU Researcher Workshop #1: Darmstadt, Germany (November 15-19, 2015)

The media analysis Workshop was led by Associate Professor Natalia Chaban, Jean Monnet Chair and C3EU Leader. A Head of European and EU Studies at the University of Canterbury (New Zealand) and Deputy Director of the National Centre of Research on Europe (NCRE) at the same University, Natalia is also Adjunct Full Professor at the Research and Learning Institute of Foreign Languages (Cherkasy National University, Ukraine) and Adjunct Associate Professor at the Centre for Study of European Politics and Society (Ben-Gurion University of the Negev in Beer Sheva, Israel).

The Workshop had several key objectives. Firstly, it aimed to introduce the media researchers to the study “Crisis Conflict and Critical Diplomacy: EU Perceptions in Ukraine and Israel/Palestine (C3EU)” by presenting its context, goals, key tasks and the project timeline. Secondly, the Workshop introduced C3EU researchers to the original media content analysis in order to ensure the correct application of methodology and consistency throughout the media analysis process. Thirdly, it aimed to identify and address any horizontal methodological issues cutting across different tasks of the project. Finally, the meeting served as a teambuilding activity, which facilitated networking among the members of the project team.

The C3EU Network acknowledges the importance of capacity building in the field of European Union integration. The training of scholars (at early-career stage) is seen as the most important tool in the ongoing sustainability of this research field and the skills and materials developed as the core of this research training will ensure the continuation of scholarly research into European integration.

The media analysis workshop took place at the Technical University of Darmstadt (TUD), Germany on November 15-19, 2015. The workshop was led by Associate Professor Natalia Chaban, Jean Monnet Chair and C3EU Leader. A Head of European and EU Studies at the University of Canterbury (New Zealand) and Deputy Director of the National Centre of Research on Europe (NCRE) at the same University, Natalia is also Adjunct Full Professor at the Research and Learning Institute of Foreign Languages (Cherkasy National University, Ukraine) and Adjunct Associate Professor at the the Centre for Study of European Politics and Society (Ben-Gurion University of the Negev in Beer Sheva, Israel).
The workshop had several key objectives. Firstly, it aimed to introduce the media researchers to the study “Crisis Conflict and Critical Diplomacy: EU Perceptions in Ukraine and Israel/Palestine (C3EU)” by presenting its context, goals, key tasks and the project timeline. Secondly, the workshop ensured the correct application of methodology and consistency throughout the media analysis process. Thirdly, it aimed to identify and address any horizontal methodological issues cutting across different tasks of the project. Finally, the meeting served as a teambuilding activity, which facilitated networking among the members of the project team.

The C3EU network acknowledges the importance of capacity building in the field of European Union integration. The training of young scholars (at young and early-career stage) is seen as the most important tool in the ongoing sustainability of this research field and the skills and materials developed as the core of this research training will ensure the continuation of scholarly research into European integration.

C3EU Workshop programme Germany (WORD, 1.8MB)

C3EU Launch Partner Meeting in Brussels (November 8-9, 2015)

The Launch Meeting had several key objectives. Firstly, it aimed to introduce the partners researchers to the study ‘Crisis, conflict and critical diplomacy: EU perceptions in Ukraine and Israel/Palestine (C3EU)’ by presenting its context, goals, theoretical frameworks, methods, key tasks, admin matters and the project timeline. Secondly, this meeting served as a teambuilding activity, which facilitated networking among the members of the Consortium.

In accordance to the Project’s outline, a meeting with partners was held in Brussels, for two days, in the period from 8 until 9 November 2015. The workshop had several key objectives. Firstly, it aimed to introduce the partners researchers to the study ‘Crisis, conflict and critical diplomacy: EU perceptions in Ukraine and Israel/Palestine (C3EU)’ by presenting its context, goals, theoretical frameworks, methods, key tasks, admin matters and the project timeline. This meeting also served as a teambuilding activity, which facilitated networking among the members of the Consortium.

Meeting program in Brussels (WORD, 2MB)

C3EU Research Workshop #4: Leuven, Belgium (April 20-22, 2017)

On April 20-22, in Leuven (Belgium), C3EU consortium held Research Workshop #4 as well as a meeting of senior partners. The Workshop’s programme featured reports on elite opinion analysed through the interviews with political, business, civil society and cultural decision- and policy-makers in Ukraine, Israel and Palestine, as well as with EU practitioners in Brussels. The Workshop also included preparation for the next stage of the project -- research training in q-sort method. The method is used to analyse youth opinion in Ukraine, Israel and Palestine, as well as in Germany. Research Workshop also featured a high-profile public event— a public lecture by the Ambassador of Ukraine in Belgium for the students and academics of the KU Leuven and C3EU Team. C3EU leader Prof Natalia Chaban also briefed the Ambassador about the main findings of the C3EU project.

C3EU Research Workshop #5: Kyiv, Ukraine (August 24-26, 2017)

On August 24-26, in Kyiv (Ukraine), C3EU Netowork team had its Research Workshop #5. The Workshop programme included final reports on media analysis (using quantitative method of the Rasch Model), elite opinion analysis (quantitative analysis of narratives from a comparative perspective) and reports on the first results of the q-sort method used to assess youth opinion in Ukraine, Israel and Palestine and Germany (with various QN methods). Research Workshop #5 started a new phase in comprehensive data analysis informed by the comparative approach and synergies between theories and methods, and contributed to the development of policy recommendations.  The Ambassador of Belgium in Ukraine presented to the C3EU team, adding to the discussion about C3EU’s contributions to the public diplomacy discussion.

Webinar with team Ukraine #6: 5 November, 2016

Iana Sabatovych met the researchers as part of post-workshop communication with. The meeting was dedicated to the planning of the interviews: review of the questionnaire, the making-up of the contact base and time-frame of the project. The targeted cohorts were determined as well as the ratio between local/regional elites and those representing the capital.

Webinar with team Germany #1: 15 May, 2017

Iana Sabatovych met with the Team Technische Universität Darmstadt. The meeting was devoted to the development of q-sort instrument and construction of Q-Sort tests. The back-up option has been elaborated for the test and different strategies of organising participants have been discussed. A set of other follow-up webinars took place during the same week for the construction of the test.

Webinar with team Ukraine #7: 17 May, 2017

Iana Sabatovych met the researchers in a discussion on technical, methodological and organisational dificulties for conducting Q-Sort analysis. Registration at programme website, construction of Q-Sort tests, and working with Q-Sort instrument have been discussed. The main challenge referred to the scheduling of the event and work with students. Different strategies of organising participants have been elaborated. A set of inidividual follow-up webinars took place during the same week in the course of technical support and organisation of the test in various locations.

Webinar with teams Israel and Palestine #4: 20 May

Iana Sabatovych met the researchers from the two teams for the discussion of methdological and technical issues in running the test. The development of q-sort instrument, a set-up of the test, technical aspects of software, ethical issues and experience of other teams have been discussed in the context of given locations.

Webinar with team Ukraine#5: 24 August, 2016

Dr. Olga Gulyaeva met with the team to discuss the requirements for the presentation of interim results of the six months of media data analysis at the third Research Workshop in Vilnius (Lithuania) on September 1-3, 2016.

Dr. Olga Gulyaeva answered team’s questions on the use of Excel. 

Webinar with team Ukraine#4: 30 May, 2016

Iana Sabatovych gets acquainted to the researchers and proceeds with introduction into the interview phase of C3EU project. Discussion covers project design, time-frame, and interviews methodology.

Data collection and management, particularly, arranging contact database, its tracking, transcription, translation, and technical issues are covered.

Webinar with teams Israel and Palestine #3: 30, May, 2016

Iana Sabatovych gets acquaintance to the team, discussing methodology, time-frame for the interviews, points of contact. Discussion covered the process of conducting interviews with media elites in Palestine.

Webinar with team Ukraine #3: 6 April, 2016

Dr. Olga Gulyaeva met with the team to discuss the media data collection process, to address questions on data gathering and analysis. Importantly, Dr. Gulyaeva delivered tutorial to help researchers use Excel to perform advanced data analysis of the monitored data with functions, formulas and charts. She also discussed the requirements for the presentation of interim results of the first three months of media data analysis at the second Research Workshop in Kyiv on April 18-21.

Webinar with team Ukraine #2: 13 December, 2015

The researchers, Associate Professor Natalia Chaban and Dr. Olga Gulyaeva met to discuss the pilot phase of the media data collection process, addressing questions on routing data gathering and analysis.  Dr. Olga Gulyaeva delivered her observations of the collected data. Associate Professor Natalia Chaban discussed the upcoming initial phase of the project with the researchers.

Webinar with teams Israel and Palestine #2: 10 December, 2015

Each researcher delivered his/her feedback on the pilot phase of the media data collection process, addressing questions on routing data gathering and analysis.

Dr. Olga Gulyaeva addressed the key points of her daily feedback to researcher’s analysis.

Associate Professor Natalia Chaban discussed further project’s development with the researchers. 

Webinar with team Ukraine #1: 15 October, 2015

The webinar had two key objectives. Firstly, it aimed to introduce the media researchers to the study “Crisis Conflict and Critical Diplomacy: EU Perceptions in Ukraine and Israel/Palestine (C3EU)”. Secondly, the meeting served as a teambuilding activity. The researchers had already collaborated with each other before the project, however, during the webinar they met Professor Natalia Chaban, Jean Monnet Chair and C3EU Leader, and Dr. Olga Gulyaeva, Post-Doctoral Fellow and Research data manager. 
Associate Professor Natalia Chaban discussed further project’s development with the researchers, specifically the upcoming workshop at the Technical University of Darmstadt (TUD), Germany on November 15-19, 2015. Dr. Olga Gulyaeva introduced Google Drive that would assist in data collection.

Webinar with teams Israel and Palestine #1: 21 October, 2015

The webinar had two key objectives. Firstly, it aimed to introduce the media researchers to the study “Crisis Conflict and Critical Diplomacy: EU Perceptions in Ukraine and Israel/Palestine (C3EU)”. Secondly, the meeting served as a teambuilding activity. The researchers had already collaborated with each other before the project, however, during the webinar they met Professor Natalia Chaban, Jean Monnet Chair and C3EU Leader, and Dr. Olga Gulyaeva, Post-Doctoral Fellow and Research data manager of this project.

Associate Professor Natalia Chaban discussed further project’s development with the researchers, specifically the upcoming workshop at the Technical University of Darmstadt (TUD), Germany on November 15-19, 2015. Dr. Olga Gulyaeva introduced the media analysis protocol.

UKRAINE – EUROPEAN UNION:

Referendum in the Netherlands as Viewed in Ukrainian and Russian Internet Blogs

Leaders: Professor Svitlana Zhabotynska and Associate Professor Valentina Velivchenko

This is a pilot study of media narratives focused on the referendum in Holland as to the approval of Ukraine’s association with the EU. The narratives are represented by randomly selected articles published in Ukrainian (80 articles) and Russian (70 articles) Internet blogs in March – April 2016. The analyzed temporal spans are: March 1 – April 5 (before the referendum), April 6 – 12 (the referendum proper and the subsequent decision of the country’s government), April 13 – 30 (after the government’s decision). The study aims to establish the focal narrative topics, their prominence and dynamics exhibited through time, as well as evaluation of these topics exposed through verbal and visual means.

The narrative topics are arranged within a coherent conceptual ontology that structures information about the referendum and exhibits reciprocal relations between the involved participants. These relations, specified in the texts, are described in them with a certain degree of regularity, which demonstrates salience of topics for the narrators. The latter, as the confronting discourse parties, Ukraine and Russia, tend to display their attitudes and dispositions to the described events.

The project is carried out by the faculty members and students of Bohdan Khmelnitsky National University in Cherkasy. The theoretical framework for data analysis is developed by Professor Svitlana Zhabotynska. The analysis of data within this framework is fulfilled by Associate Professor Valentina Velivchenko. The data have been collected by BA students of the School of Foreign Languages.

UKRAINE – EUROPEAN UNION:

Conceptual Metaphors in the Verbal Image

Leaders: Prof. Svitlana Zhabotynska, Prof. Galyna Yavorska, and Prof. Olena Morozova

This satellite project intends to provide an in-depth analysis of multiple metaphorical expressions (conventional and non-conventional) represented in Ukrainian media narratives dated January – June 2006 and focused on Ukraine – EU relations. Considered within the framework of cognitive linguistics, these metaphorical expressions are expected to reveal a limited number of basic conceptual metaphors typical of political discourse. When employed for portraying some referential domain, the relations between Ukraine and the EU in particular, such conceptual metaphors acquire specificity in both reflecting the events and creating their axiological planes. This specificity, as the major highlight of the study, is expected to be found in the target and source domains, as well as in their cross-mapping.

The theoretical conception includes the analysis of conceptual metaphors from the following standpoints:

  1. the TARGET domains of the named concepts – their metaphorical range defined by the number of sources mapped on the targets, and the number of resulting metaphorical expressions. These two parameters expose the degree of the targets’ metaphorization, which, in its turn, shows the salience of a target and its importance for the speakers; 
  2. the SOURCE domains of entities with which the targets are compared – their metaphorical scope defined by the number of targets on which the sources are mapped. The cross-mapping of the source and the target results in one or several conceptual metaphors represented by a metaphorical schema which is specified in various metaphorical expressions. The metaphorical scope of the source domain, the number of conceptual metaphors it creates, and the number of respective metaphorical expressions expose the metaphorical potential of the source, which in some cases displays the importance of a particular axiological plane.

The project, which has theoretical and practical implications for both media studies and linguistics, is carried out by Prof. Svitlana Zhabotynska, Prof. Galyna Yavorska, and Prof. Olena Morozova.

UKRAINIAN PERSPECIVES ON SELF, EU AND RUSSIA:

Intersemiotic and Cognitive Images Construed by Ukrainian Newspapers

Leader: Anastasiya Pshenychnykh

Anastasiya’s research looks into Ukrainians’ view of themselves, the European Union and Russia as presented in Ukrainian media discourse, namely, in social and political newspapers. Method: Ukrainian dailies’ and weeklies’ monitoring with the focus on both verbal and visual semiotic layers and their interaction. The research aims at generalizing on intersemiotic images of Ukraine-the EU-Russia triangle in the contemporary context as well as bringing to light the respective cognitive images, or the ways Self (Ukraine) and the Other (the EU and Russia) are presented by Ukrainian press.

The starting point of the investigation is the formal analysis of photographic images of Ukraine, the EU and Russia involving visualization tools software for organizing the image data; the core formal qualities being analyzed are types of photographs, shots and shooting angles, composition, colour and a range of visual elements like light, focus, repetition, shape, texture and others which give form to the images under study. This serves as an access to what is “in” the form or interpretations of meaning: symbolism in photos, their connotations and metaphorical meanings, as well as types of resonance with the verbal text of articles and the creation of additional meanings resulting from the interaction of the two semiotic layers. The final aim is to elaborate cognitive images. For comparing and contrasting Ukrainian cognitive images of Self, the EU and Russia the cognitive theory of perspectives is used which helps to show the cognitive viewing arrangement changes depending on what object is focused on or framed. The visual and verbal image is analyzed in terms of differences in cognitive perspectival points, perspectival distance and mode, direction of situation scanning.

THE EUROPEAN UNION IN INSTITUIONAL DISCOURSE:

A Ukrainian Perspective vs. an EU Perspective

Leader: Anna Kryvenko

In recent years, relations between language and society – a traditional concern of sociolinguistics – have been reconsidered, not least of all, under the influence of ideas borrowed from social, cultural and political studies. The view of language as a mere reflection of social interaction has been transformed to the comprehension of a constructive role of discourse in social change. European integration is a kind of social change which is propelled by discourse, and since ‘institutions play a vital role in reality construction’ (Mayr 2008: 3) of the European community, it is institutional discourse that is ‘endowed with the performative power to bring into being the very realities it claims to describe’ (Fairclough 2003: 203-204).

The main question of Anna’s current research is how European integration is constructed and reconstructed by institutional discourses in the EU and in Ukraine in the context of the recently signed association agreement, while there is an ongoing conflict between Ukraine and the Russian Federation. In seeking an answer to this question, Anna engages the methodology developed by Natalia Chaban and her team for their C3EU project, along with a corpus approach to critical discourse analysis.

In particular, Anna maintains that a systematic account of the perception of the EU in Ukrainian institutional discourse and the perception of Ukraine in EU institutional discourse will uncover similarities and discrepancies in the structure, sequence and coherence of discursive practices in Ukraine and the EU respectively with regard to European integration. The findings of this research will contribute to C3EU by assessing the communicative and strategic actions of the EU and Ukraine under crisis as they are constructed by institutional discourse.

Dissimination and outreach to stakeholders

Dissimination and outreach to stakeholders Year 1 Publications

  • Yavorska, G. Брекзит як вікно нових можливостей [BREXIT as a window for opportunities], Критика, June 2016 http://krytyka.com/ua/solutions/opinions/brekzyt-yak-vikno-novykh-mozhlyvostey
  • Yavorska, G. (2016), Мова як складник конфлікту [Language as an Element of Conflict]. Conference proceedings ‘MEDIA STUDIES: МЕЖДИСЦИПЛИНАРНЫЕ ИССЛЕДОВАНИЯ МЕДИА”, Kharkiv.
  • Yavorska, G. (2016) Концепт війни: семантика і прагматика [The concept of war: semantics and pragmatics]. Strategic Prioirties, №1 (38), 2016
  • Yavorska, G. (2016) Системна криза міжнародної безпеки: Близькосхідно-Чорноморський простір [Systemic crisis of international security: Middle Easter and Black Sea space]. Київ: НІСД, (with B. Parakhonsky)
  • Hobova, Y. (2016) Analytical report "Foreign Policy Audit: China-Ukraine", Institute of World Policy (with co-authors).
  • Zhabotynska, S. (ed.) (2016) Когнітивна лінгвістика в міждисциплінарному контексті: теорія і практика [Cognitive Linguistics in Interdisciplinary Contexts: Theory and Practice]. Conference proceeding of the International conference UACLIP, Cherkasy National University, 8-10 October 2016, Cherkasy.

Dissimination and outreach to stakeholders Year 1 Conference papers and presentations

  • Chaban, N. (2016) 'Eurointegration’: Narratives and Myths. Framing the EU by Ukrainian media. Prague, Czech Republic: ECPR, 7-10 Sep 2016.
  • Chaban, N. (2016) Between Attraction and Resentment: Framing the EU in Ukrainian Media. Victoria University of Wellington, Wellington, New Zealand: Symposium "Evolving Institutions in Ukraine: A multi-disciplinary approach to post-Soviet space", 11 May 2016.
  • Chaban, N. (2016) Cultural Filters of EU External Perceptions: To the Understanding of Domestic Factors in Fostering Democratic Advances (case-study Ukraine). Trento University, Italy: ECPR SGEU Conference, 14-18 Jun 2016.
  • Chaban, N. (2016) Imagining the EU as a normative power: Framing the EU in Ukrainian media after Maidan. Tartu University, Estonia: Europe under Stress: The End of a Common Dream?, 12-14 Jun 2016.
  • Chaban, N. (2016) Crises and the EU: Imagining the EU in the Eyes of Ukrainian Media post-Maidan, International conference UACLIP “Cognitive Linguistics in Interdisciplinary Context: Theory and Practice”, Cherkasy National University, Cherkasy, Ukraine, 8-10 October. (key note)
  • Morozova, O. (2016) Constructing the Image of European Union through Multimodal Metaphors, International conference UACLIP “Cognitive Linguistics in Interdisciplinary Context: Theory and Practice”, Cherkasy National University, Cherkasy, Ukraine, 8-10 October
  • Velivchenko, V. (2016), Media coverage of the EU in Ukraine: Politics, Normative & Development (01 January – 30 June 2016), International conference UACLIP “Cognitive Linguistics in Interdisciplinary Context: Theory and Practice”, Cherkasy National University, Cherkasy, Ukraine, 8-10 October
  • Velivchenko, V. & S. Zhabotynska (2016) Ukraine – European Union: Referendum in the Netherlands as Viewed in Ukrainian and Russian Internet Blogs, International conference UACLIP “Cognitive Linguistics in Interdisciplinary Context: Theory and Practice”, Cherkasy National University, Cherkasy, Ukraine, 8-10 October
  • Kryvenko, A. (2016) Mетафори України та Євросоюзу в українській і європейській пресі: зіставний аналіз [Metaphors of Ukraine and EU in Ukrainian and European press: comparative analysis], International conference UACLIP “Cognitive Linguistics in Interdisciplinary Context: Theory and Practice”, Cherkasy National University, Cherkasy, Ukraine, 8-10 October
  • Yavorska, G. (2016), Мова як складник конфлікту [Language as an Element of Conflict]. Paper at the conference ‘MEDIA STUDIES: МЕЖДИСЦИПЛИНАРНЫЕ ИССЛЕДОВАНИЯ МЕДИА”, Kharkiv, Ukraine.
  • Hobova, Y. "Using Cascading Framing Theory”, A. Krymskyi Institute of Oriental Studies NAS Ukraine.
  • Hobova, Y. (2016) "EU imagery and perceptions in China and Ukraine", Center for Contemporary China Tianxia Link, "China-EU: A soft form of strategic partnership, Kyiv, Ukraine
  • Hobova, Y. (2016) "Framing sides in the Ukrainian conflict: an outlook from the PRC online media", Taras Shevchenko Kyiv National University, 10th International Conference "Chinese Civilization: Tradition and Modernity", Kyiv, Ukraine
  • Pshenychnykh, A. (2016) paper at ASEEES-MAG Summer Convention “Images of the Other”, Lviv, Ukraine (June 26),
  • Pshenychnykh, A. (2016) Ukrainian Perspectives on Self, the EU and Russia Construed by Ukrainian Newspapers, The Ukrainian Association of Cognitive Linguistics and Poetics “Cognitive Linguistics in Interdisciplinary Context: Theory and Practice”, Cherkasy National University, Cherkasy, Ukraine
  • Pshenychnykh, A. (2016) Plenary presentation, The International Forum “Contemporary Foreign Philology: Research Potential”, Kharkiv, Ukraine
  • Morozova, E. (2016) “Ecological approach to the analysis of linguistic meaning: multimodal metaphors of Brexit”, the all-Ukrainian scientific seminar “Sentence and Text: Processes of Generation and Interpretation Techniques”, Boris Grinchenko University, Kyiv

Dissimination and outreach to stakeholders Year 1 Course material developments

C3EU results were discussed in the course EURA 201/301 (under-graduate) taught by N. Chaban: “European Identity and Culture: Multicultural Societies of Europe and the European Union”, University of Canterbury, NZ

C3EU results were discussed in the course EURA 402 (post-graduate) taught by N. Chaban: “The EU in Europe and in the World: The EU's External Identities”, University of Canterbury, NZ

C3EU methods were discussed in the course EURO 480 (post-graduate) taught by N. Chaban: “Navigating Research: Research Training and Methods in EU Studies”, University of Canterbury, NZ

C3EU results were used to develop course materials in the course “Spoken English”: 5th year (9th term) – “Mass Media in the epoch of globalization: Ukrainian mass media on European Union”; 6th year (11th term) – “Tendencies of countries’ development in the present-day Europe”, School of Foreign Languages of V.N. Karazin Kharkiv National University, Ukraine

C3EU results were used in undergraduate courses taught by V. Velivchenko at Cherkasy National University (Ukraine) and A. Pshenychnykh at Kharkiv National University (Ukraine) 

C3EU results and methods were used in the undergraduate research design classes in statistics dealing with complex variables and analyses taught by S. Betyukova (University of Toledo US)

Dissimination and outreach to stakeholders Year 2 Conference papers and presentations

Plenary talks

  • CHABAN, N. European Centres and European Peripheries in the global context. UACES (The Academic Association for Contemporary European Studies) 47th Annual Conference, Krakow, Poland , 4-6 September 2017
  • CHABAN, N. The European Union in a Multipolar WorldFulfilling the Vision: European Union Futures? A joint EU Centres’ conference, 16 – 18 October 2017 RMIT City Campus, Melbourne, Australia

Full papers

  • CHABAN, N., SABATOVYCH, I., Dreams and Reality of Ukraine’s Ambiguous Europeanisation: View Point of Ukraine’s Opinion-Formers UACES (The Academic Association for Contemporary European Studies) 47th Annual Conference, Krakow, Poland , 4-6 September 2017
  • CHABAN, N., ELGSTRÖM, O., KNODT, M., MUELLER, P., PARDO, S. Perceptions of the EU’s role in the Ukraine-Russian and the Israeli-Palestinian conflicts: A biased mediator? UACES (The Academic Association for Contemporary European Studies) 47th Annual Conference, Krakow, Poland , 4-6 September 2017
  • CHABAN, N., SABATOVYCH, I., GULYAEVA, O. A Product and a Process: Reporting the EU in Ukraine, European Consortium of Political Research General Conference, Oslo, Norway, 6-9 September 2017,
  • CHABAN, N. Understanding the EU in a changing world: EU external perceptions in EU Strategic Partners, EISA 11 Pan-European Conference on International Relations “The politics of international studies in an age of crises”, 13-16 September 2017
  • CHABAN, N., ELGSTRÖM, O., GULYAEVA, O. Russia’s images of the EU:  Exploring and Theorising Image Change.  EISA 11 Pan-European Conference on International Relations “The politics of international studies in an age of crises”, 13-16 September 2017
  • CHABAN, N., ELGSTRÖM, O., On a journey with uncertain destination:  External Images of the European Union after Brexit in Russia and Ukraine, European Union Studies Association Asia Pacific Annual Conference 2017: The Roles of the EU and the Asia Pacific in the Global Era – Politics, International Relations, Economics, Law, Tokyo, Japan, 1-2 July 2017
  • CHABAN, N., I. NG, A. Chuzhikov Communicating the EU beyond its borders: Newsmaking practices and EU narratives in Ukraine post-Maidan, Fulfilling the Vision: European Union Futures? A joint EU Centres’ conference, 16 – 18 October 2017 RMIT City Campus, Melbourne, Australia

1. C3EU Public Lecture by HE Mykola Tochytskyi, Ambassador of Ukraine in Belgium and Head of the Mission of Ukraine to the EU.

The presentation by HE Mykola Tochytskyi stressed the background and prospects of relations between Ukraine and the EU and was followed by Q&A discussion with KU Levuven students and visitors.

NCRE Ukraine Israel and Palestine image 1

HE Mykola Tochytskyi (Ambassador of Ukraine in Belgium and Head of the Mission of Ukraine to the EU, in the centre), C3EU Leader Prof Natalia Chaban (in the centre), KU Leuven Vice Rector Danny Pieters (in the centre); C3EU KU Leuven partners Prof. Stephan Kerkuleer (left) and Lien Verpoest (right), at KU Leuven

NCRE Ukraine Israel and Palestine image 2

Public Lecture by HE Mykola Tochytskyi (Ambassador of Ukraine in Belgium and Head of the Mission of Ukraine to the EU) at The Leuven Institute for Ireland in Europe, Auditorium

2. C3EU Team with HE Jacobs Luc, Ambassador of Belgium in Ukraine

HE Jacobs Luc, Ambassador of Belgium in Ukraine has attended the C3EU workshop #5 that also conincided with the celebration of the Independence Dat in Ukraine. In his speech, HE Jacobs Luc touched upon the topics of Ukraine-EU relations and the role that Belgium has or may have in this process.

NCRE Ukraine Israel and Palestine image 3

HE Jacobs Luc, Ambassador of Belgium with members of C3EU team