Newspaper articles

Important elements

  • Author
  • Exact date in format: (Year, Month Day)
  • Newspaper article title
  • Newspaper title in italics
  • Pages
  • If online: include URL if it will resolve for all readers (not a URL from LEARN or a library databases), otherwise omit this element

Print example

Reference list

Killick, D. (2012, June 25). Housing is a problem beyond politics. The Press, 17.

In-text citation

According to Killick (2012) ... OR ... (Killick, 2012)

Electronic example

Reference list

Northcott, M. (2019, October 16). Christchurch history uncovered in cafe postcards. The Press. https://www.stuff.co.nz/the-press/news/116585854/christchurch-history-uncovered-in-cafe-postcards

  • Omit missing elements from the reference (e.g. volume, issue and/or page numbers).

Killick, D. (2012, June 25). Housing is a problem beyond politics. The Press.

  • Omit the URL for a website inaccessible to all readers, for example from a library database such as Factiva.

In-text citation

According to Northcott (2019) and Killick (2012) ... OR ... (Killick, 2012; Northcott, 2019)

Example from a newspaper aggregator (e.g. Stuff)

Services like Stuff or Scoop aggregate news content. Don’t use Stuff as the title or author.

Newspaper with a title

If there is a newspaper title, include it in the reference in italics, e.g.

Boston, J. (2015, May 18). How New Zealand can cut child poverty. The Dominion Post. https://www.stuff.co.nz/dominion-post/comment/68628563/how-new-zealand-can-cut-child-poverty

  • Omit missing elements from the reference (e.g. volume, issue and/or page numbers).

No newspaper title

If there is no associated newspaper title, use the format for a webpage on a website instead, e.g.

Harris, S. (2016, February 29). Children celebrate 5+ a day challenge. Stuff. https://www.stuff.co.nz/auckland/local-news/northland/77252603/children-celebrate-5-a-day-challenge

No author

Reference list

Teaming up on health innovation. (2014, September 10). Manawatu Standard. http://www.stuff.co.nz/manawatu-standard/news/10480728/Teaming-up-on-health-innovation

  • The reference list entry starts with the article title and uses sentence case capitalisation
  • See Sentence Case Capitalization on the APA website for more information.

In-text citation

(“Teaming up on Health Innovation,” 2014)

  • Use a few words of the article title or the whole article title if it is short
  • Use title case (capitals for every major word) for article titles appearing in text
  • See Title Case Capitalization on the APA website for more information.