Appendage documents related to the judgment
The “Appendage Documents Related to the Judgment” section was created as a separate section of the Northcroft collection for this inventory. It is one of the most unique sections of the Northcroft collection. In fact, it is made up entirely of material that is believed to be unique to the University of Canterbury. If this material is not in fact unique, it is certainly rare and not found in many of the other IMTFE collections.
Captain Quentin-Baxter’s [Assistant to Justice E. H. Northcroft] References in Judgment to Individual Accused is a tool designed to help determine the role the individual defendants played in Japan's "aggressive" activities. It provides page references (from the Judgment and Annexes) for each defendant's name. This index contains references to an annexure to Part B of the Judgment also prepared by Captain Quentin-Baxter for Justice Northcroft. Unfortunately, this annexure is not in the Northcroft Collection. A useful companion to Quentin-Baxter’s index is the Individual Accused in Judgment. This is a two volume set that summarises evidence against, and gives statements of the activities of, each defendant in relation to the Judgment. It also provides page references to the Judgment. There is a letter affixed to the beginning of Volume I from Justice Mei Ju-Ao to Justice Cramer (Chairman of the drafting committee). It regards an attached schedule of the statements and activities of several accused (Doihara, Hata, Itagaki, Matsui, and Minami). This implies that the Individual Accused in Judgment was compiled by the staff of Justice Mei. It is unclear if the entire set was made by the Chinese staff, however, or if the work was spread out among the other nations involved.
The Study on Prosecution's Phases on Japan's "Aggressive" War was created at the direction of the Office of the President of the IMTFE, Sir William Floor Webb of Australia. Justice Northcroft’s handwritten notes on the volumes show that the majority of this work was made by a Mrs. Morris, a member of President Webb’s staff. Mr. Yang, assistant to Justice Mei Ju-Ao, also wrote some of it. The Study on Prosecution’s Phases is divided into two volumes. Volume I: includes: "Study on Prosecution's Phase on Domination of North China and China" (31 pages); "Preparation of Japanese Public Opinion, Phase II, Prosecution" (21 pages); "Japan's Southward Advance, Prosecution, Excluding Atrocity Phases: French Indo-China and other Continental Areas" (71 pages); "Japan's Southward Advance, Prosecution and Defence Phases: Great East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere" (54 pages); and "Southward Advance, Prosecution, Exclusive of Atrocities: Netherlands East Indies" (42 pages). Volume II: includes: "Japanese Military and Political Aggression in the Rest of China (Condensed from the Prosecution's Evidence)" (149 pages); "Economic Aggression, Prosecution's Case" (25 pages); and "Study of Prosecution's Phase on Military and Political Domination of Manchuria" (30 pages).
Like the Study on Prosecution’s Phases, General Cramer's Study of Evidence Relating to Manchuria (205 pages) summarises the evidence of the Prosecution. In this case, Justice Cramer focuses on the Prosecution’s arguments relating to Japanese “aggression” in Manchuria. Justice Cramer divides his study into four sections. Section 1: “Military Aggression in Manchuria”; Section 2: “Political Aggression in Manchuria”; Section 3: “Economic Aggression in Manchuria”; and Section 4: “Economic Aggression in China”. Justice Cramer’s study includes references to relevant exhibit numbers and page numbers of the Transcripts.
Other interesting parts of the “Appendage Documents Related to the Judgment” section of the Northcroft collection are the separate writings of Justice B. V. A. Röling (the Netherlands) and Justice Henri Bernard (France). These not only give insight into the thoughts of the two justices in question, but also reveal parts of the drafting process of the Judgment. Röling, and Bernard on Judgment includes draft suggestions under the following headings: Bernard "Remarks Concerning the Draft of Judgment of the Majority Part B Chapter V Volume I Section I pp. 584 - 601" (25 pages); "Remarks Concerning the Draft of Judgment of the Majority, Part B Chapter V Volume I, Section I pp. 521 - 584" (55 pages); "Remarks Suggested by Draft of Judgment, Part A, Chapter III" (9 pages); "Deliberations" (2 pages); "Remarks Suggested by Part A, Chapter I (7 pages); and "Remarks Suggested by Part A, Chapter III" (3 pages). Röling: "Alterations Suggested in Part A, Chapter I of the Judgment" (5 pages); "Alterations Suggested in Part B, Chapter I [Final Judgment Part A Chapter III] of the Judgment" (4 pages); "Draft Judgment Part B, Chapter II [Final Judgment Part A Chapter III and Part B Chapter IV]" (4 pages); "Annex BB, War Crimes, Volume I and Volume II" (5 pages); "Judgment Part B, Chapter III [Final Judgment Part B, Chapter VI], 'Japanese Aggression Against the USSR'" (67 pages); and "Some Points of Law" (55 pages). The Northcroft collection also includes Justice Röling on Conventional War Crimes (128 pages) which is a legal treatise done by Justice Röling on the trial of conventional war crimes.
|References in Judgment to Individual Accused
||Captain Quentin-Baxter [Assistant to Justice E. H. Northcroft (New Zealand)]||153 pages|
|Individual Accused in Judgment Volume I
||Volume I Defendants Alphabetical A – K||237 pages|
|Individual Accused in Judgment Volume II||Volume II Defendants Alphabetical M – U||201 pages|
|Study on Prosecution’s Phases on Japan’s “Aggressive” War||Volume I||Mrs. Morris [from the Office of President Sir William Flood Webb (Australia)||219 pages|
|Study on Prosecution’s Phases on Japan’s “Aggressive” War||Volume II||Mrs. Morris [from the Office of President Sir William Flood Webb (Australia) and Mr. Yang [Assistant to Justice Mei Ju-Ao (China)]||204 pages|
|General Cramer's Study of Evidence Relating to Manchuria||Justice Major General Myron C. Cramer (USA)||205 pages|
|Röling and Bernard on Judgment [Draft Suggestions]||Justice B. V. A. Röling (Netherlands) and
Justice Henri Bernard (France)
|Justice Röling on Conventional War Crimes||Justice B. V. A. Röling (Netherlands)||128 pages|