PROD231-20S1 (C) Semester One 2020

Product Formulation 1

15 points

Start Date: Monday, 17 February 2020
End Date: Sunday, 21 June 2020
Withdrawal Dates
Last Day to withdraw from this course:
  • Without financial penalty (full fee refund): Friday, 28 February 2020
  • Without academic penalty (including no fee refund): Friday, 29 May 2020


Properties of solid and liquid formulations, including particle size and shape, granulation, agglomeration, tableting, solubility, viscosity, colloids and suspensions. Common components of formulations for chemical, biological, pharmaceutical, personal and healthcare products and their functionalities.

Learning Outcomes

  • By the end of the course, you will be able to:
  • Understand a product brief, select suitable ingredients and know the steps involved in the formulation of different dosage forms including solutions, lotions, creams, pastes, gels, solids etc.
  • Describe the properties and characters of ingredients used in formulations. Identify quality issues, evaluation and regulatory aspects related to certain types of formulated products.
  • Recognise the biological or non-biological systems different formulations are intended to act on and the mechanisms of action of certain type of formulations.
  • Understand methods of testing the formulations and how desired properties of formulations are achieved with modifications.
  • Consider how Māori and other indigenous groups may view the storage, use and blending of materials and alteration of physical properties of formulated products.
  • Identify current global trends of formulated products, current marketing strategies of selected product types and construct a product development brief.


Recommended Preparation

Course Coordinator

Pram Lakmi Abhayawardhana

Course Administrator

Alison Lowery


Assignments                            15%
Laboratories & lab notebook      30%
Mid semester test                     20%
Final Exam                               30%
Quizzes and bonus points          5%

Textbooks / Resources

Recommended Reading

Baki, Gabriella , Alexander, Kenneth S; Introduction to cosmetic formulation and technology ; John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2015.

Barel, A. O. , Paye, Marc, Maibach, Howard I; Handbook of cosmetic science and technology ; Fourth edition; CRC Press, 2014.

Sakamoto, Kazutami et al; Cosmetic science and technology : theoretical principles and applications ; Elsevier, 2017.

Tadros, Tharwat F; Formulation Science and Technology Vol. 3: Pharmaceutical, Cosmetic and Personal Care Formulations ; De Gruyter, Inc., 2018.


The prerequisite for this course is CHEM111 RP:BIOL111

Details for lecture and lab times can be found on ‘My timetable’ (  Any changes to the scheduled times will be communicated by email and/or on LEARN

Indicative Fees

Domestic fee $975.00

International fee $5,500.00

* All fees are inclusive of NZ GST or any equivalent overseas tax, and do not include any programme level discount or additional course-related expenses.

For further information see School of Product Design on the departments and faculties page .

All PROD231 Occurrences

  • PROD231-20S1 (C) Semester One 2020