LING216-22S2 (C) Semester Two 2022

Phonology and Morphology

15 points

Start Date: Monday, 18 July 2022
End Date: Sunday, 13 November 2022
Withdrawal Dates
Last Day to withdraw from this course:
  • Without financial penalty (full fee refund): Sunday, 31 July 2022
  • Without academic penalty (including no fee refund): Sunday, 2 October 2022


How do languages organize sound systems to create words, and how do they combine small meaningful units to make larger complex words? Students will get hands-on experience discovering patterns in many languages, and will gain an understanding of how these patterns may be shaped by the cognitive properties of speakers and listeners.

How is it that when you encounter a new word, you immediately know if it sounds “good” in your native language? How come that a word that sounds good in one language doesn’t sound okay in another? Do some (all? a few? most?) languages follow particular sound patterns to make and avoid various word shapes? These are just a few questions we will be trying to answer in our endeavour to figure out what phonological knowledge is (and does).
In the sections on phonology, you will learn about the sound patterns of languages and how phonetic contrasts can be used to distinguish words. Languages differ from one another in what phonetic contrasts they use for this purpose, and you will be invited to solve problems from a variety of languages illustrating these differences in behaviour. You will apply concepts learned, like phonemes, allophones and alternation, to data sets. You will notice that while languages differ phonologically, there are also strong tendencies that apply in most if not all languages, so we will look at how phonological theory aims to account for such tendencies. In the morphology section, you will be introduced to linguistic morphology and word formation and the study of the internal structure of words.

Learning Outcomes

As a student in this course you will acquire skills in problem solving, argumentation, written expression and morphological and phonological analysis. By the end of the course you should be able to identify certain morphological and phonological patterns and some of the influencing factors.

University Graduate Attributes

This course will provide students with an opportunity to develop the Graduate Attributes specified below:

Critically competent in a core academic discipline of their award

Students know and can critically evaluate and, where applicable, apply this knowledge to topics/issues within their majoring subject.


Any 15 points at any level from LING.


LING207, LING302

Timetable 2022

Students must attend one activity from each section.

Lecture A
Activity Day Time Location Weeks
01 Monday 13:00 - 14:00 Ernest Rutherford 260
18 Jul - 28 Aug
12 Sep - 25 Sep
3 Oct - 23 Oct
Tutorial A
Activity Day Time Location Weeks
01 Wednesday 13:00 - 15:00 Karl Popper 508
25 Jul - 28 Aug
12 Sep - 23 Oct

Course Coordinator

Dineke Schokkin

Textbooks / Resources

Recommended Reading

Hayes, Bruce; Introductory phonology ; Wiley-Blackwell, 2009.

Course links

Library portal
The course outline is available on LEARN (only for students enrolled in this course).

Indicative Fees

Domestic fee $799.00

International fee $3,600.00

* All fees are inclusive of NZ GST or any equivalent overseas tax, and do not include any programme level discount or additional course-related expenses.

For further information see Language, Social and Political Sciences .

All LING216 Occurrences

  • LING216-22S2 (C) Semester Two 2022
  • LING216-22S2 (D) Semester Two 2022 (Distance)