Coal and Environmental Geology

15 points

Not offered 2019, offered in 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019

For further information see Geological Sciences


The majority of the world's energy comes from fossil fuels. In New Zealand, Australasia and Asia, oil and gas are derived ultimately from coal and coal-bearing strata. Therefore, any exploration of oil and gas must be well founded in a basic understanding of coal geology. The use of coal and other carbon-based energy sources presents many challenges, not only in exploration but also in the downstream environmental effects. Today's geologists need to understand those consequences and risks.


Subject to approval of the Head of Department.