GEOL476-20X (C) General non-calendar-based 2020

Physical Volcanology

15 points

Details:
Start Date: Monday, 20 January 2020
End Date: Sunday, 28 June 2020
Withdrawal Dates
Last Day to withdraw from this course:
  • Without financial penalty (full fee refund): Friday, 31 January 2020
  • Without academic penalty (including no fee refund): Friday, 15 May 2020

Description

This course aims to provide students with an understanding of the physical processes that influence volcanic deposits resulting from both effusive and explosive eruptions. Topics range from the magma reservoir and conduit to the final resting place of volcanic deposits and specifically include the physical properties of magmas, dynamics of lava flows and domes, structure and origin of calderas, explosive eruptions, pyroclastic flows and surges, debris avalanches, lahars, submarine volcanism and magmatic hydrothermal/geothermal systems. There is a compulsory field trip for this course run early in February.

This course aims to provide students with an understanding of the physical processes that influence volcanic deposits resulting from both effusive and explosive eruptions. Topics range from the magma reservoir and conduit to the final resting place of volcanic deposits and specifically include the physical properties of magmas, volcano types and scales of volcanism, dynamics of lava flows and domes, structure and origin of calderas, explosive eruptions, pyroclastic flows and surges, debris avalanches, lahars, submarine volcanism and magmatic hydrothermal/geothermal systems.

The course begins with a 9-day field trip (including travel days) from late January to early February (provisional 27Jan-6th) in the Central North Island based on Mt Ruapehu where students will be introduced to field mapping in volcanic settings, making field observations and recording quantitative data, producing maps and cross-sections, and synthesising data into conceptual eruption models and volcano histories. In addition, students will be exposed to the physical volcanological context of geothermal systems. Following the field trip, the course transitions into the first Term of Semester 1 with 6 weeks of lectures. During this time, lectures will focus on building upon concepts in Physical Volcanology that are introduced during the field trip. Lectures and a final project will have a research focus in order to properly prepare students for Honours’ and Master’s theses.

Pre- semester trip and 6 weeks semester 1
2 hour seminars

Learning Outcomes

  • After this course students should be able to….
  •  Describe and illustrate spatial and temporal variation in volcanic deposits and describe volcanic facies.
  •  Interpret volcanological facies to reconstruct volcanic histories
  •  Discuss the benefits and limitations of geological interpretations based on physical volcanology observations and experiments.
  •  Discover the importance of physical volcanology to related fields such as petrology, geochemistry, geothermal exploration, hazard management, geological engineering.
    • University Graduate Attributes

      This course will provide students with an opportunity to develop the Graduate Attributes specified below:

      Critically competent in a core academic discipline of their award

      Students know and can critically evaluate and, where applicable, apply this knowledge to topics/issues within their majoring subject.

      Employable, innovative and enterprising

      Students will develop key skills and attributes sought by employers that can be used in a range of applications.

Pre-requisites

Subject to approval of the Head of Department.

Timetable 2020

Students must attend one activity from each section.

Lecture A
Activity Day Time Location Weeks
01 Thursday 15:00 - 17:00 Psychology - Sociology 213
17 Feb - 22 Mar
Field Trip A
Activity Day Time Location Weeks
01 Sunday 09:00 - 17:00 Hari Hari field station 20 Jan - 26 Jan

Timetable Note

Pre-semester Field Trip  -  Maps, exercises, notebooks due in the field

Term 1  -  Reading  -  Lecture  -  Assignment
Week 9  -  Volatiles chapter 5 Parfitt and Wilson  -  Volatiles and viscosity  -  Before class “Learn” discussion
Week 10  -  Lava Dome and flows Chapters from Encyclopedia Volcanoes; Lava dome
 -  Lava Domes and Flows  -  Before class “Learn” discussion.
Week 11  -  Pyroclastic flow reading   -  Pyroclatic flow case study  -  Before class “Learn” discussion.  Article critique/summary
Week 12  -  TBA  -  TBA  -  Before class “Learn” discussion   Article critique/summary
Week 13  -  TBA  -  TBA  -  Before class “Learn” discussion
Week 14  -  No reading- prepare proposals (Canterbury) and prepare criteria for assessing proposals  -  How to structure and write research reports  -  3 mins presentation on proposed research reports (Canterbury) (not assessed for grades)

Course Coordinator

Ben Kennedy

Lecturer

Darren Gravley

Assessment

Assessment Due Date Percentage  Description
Field trip 40% Field trip: field maps, exercises and notebooks
Class participation: forums and in-class discussions 10% Class participation: forums and in-class discussions
Journal article critiques/summaries 10% Journal article critiques/summaries
Final research project 40% Final research project

Textbooks / Resources

Recommended Reading

Sigurdsson, Haraldur; Encyclopedia of volcanoes; Academic Press, 2000.

Course reading
• Encyclopedia of volcanoes- on-line available through University of Canterbury library
• Assigned journal articles

Course links

Library portal

Notes

Course Aims

After this course students should be able to….
• Describe and illustrate spatial and temporal variation in volcanic deposits and describe volcanic facies.
• Interpret volcanological facies to reconstruct volcanic histories
• Discuss the benefits and limitations of geological interpretations based on physical volcanology observations and experiments.
• Discover the importance of physical volcanology to related fields such as petrology, geochemistry, geothermal exploration, hazard management, geological engineering.

Entry Restrictions
Note: entry into this course is by application only. Please see Ben Kennedy for application form.

Indicative Fees

Domestic fee $1,054.00

* Fees include New Zealand GST and do not include any programme level discount or additional course related expenses.

For further information see School of Earth and Environment on the department and colleges page.

All GEOL476 Occurrences

  • GEOL476-20X (C) General non-calendar-based 2020