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The main part of this course will provide a basic understanding of the behaviour of fluids on the macro- and micro-scale, where students are able to design pipe and pumping systems for single-phase fluids. There is also an introduction to the SI system of units, dimensional analysis and scale-up.
Basic concepts: fluid mechanics, liquids and gases, pressure/stress/force/mass, properties of fluids (viscosity, surface tension)The unit systems: for chemical and process engineering and unit conversionsDimensional analysis: the variables used in chemical and process engineering systems Static systems: pressure, manometry, atmospheric pressure, barometry, buoyancy Dynamic systems:• Bernoulli’s equation: applications of Bernoulli to flow measurement, including pitot tube, orifice, venturi, weir and rotameter• Friction • Pipe flow: laminar flow, turbulent flow, velocity profiles, pressure losses in pipes and fittings, non-circular ducts, double integrals to determine area Scale upPumping • Pumps: pump sizing, net positive suction head, complete system design• Control of flow with valves and variable speed • Pipe networks• Optimal pipe diameter and economic analysisDragCompressible flow Special topics
At the completion of the course students will be able to1. Convert one set of units to another commonly encountered in chemical engineering.2. Carry out calculations for fluid mechanics involving static pressure, pipe flow profiles and pressure drop, pumping and other related topics.3. Understand different types of flow measurement.4. Have a practical understanding of uncertainties as seen in a laboratory flow system.5. Work as a team for the creative design of a “water feature” and for lab work and reporting.6. Write professional reports for an appropriate audience7. Be proficient at using Excel for fluid mechanics calculations.8. Interpret and design systems with flows
Subject to approval of the Dean of Engineering and Forestry.
Students must attend one activity from each section.
29 Lectures, 6 Tutorials, and 1 test during normal lecture time.Fluid lab and water feature demonstration are also timetabled.Tutorial sessions will be scheduled within the lecture timetable.
ConcernsStudents with concerns about the course should contact the course coordinator, (Shusheng Pang), director of 1st Pro Studies (Ken Morison), or the Head of Department (Prof. Peter Gostomski).
Course Policies on Collaboration and CheatingSolving problems in small teams and collaborative learning when working on assignments is encouraged. However direct copying will result in reduced or zero marks for all students involved. The assignments are mainly a tool to prepare you for the exams. We advise you to try them individually before collaborating in groups.Course RequirementsBoth labs must be attended to pass the course. Both lab reports must be handed in and completed to a satisfactory standard to pass the course. Each student must sign submitted lab reports. Late reports and assignments will be penalised 10% per day after the due date.LaboratoriesFluid Flow Lab: There will be one afternoon for each student to investigate pumping and flow measurement in the Civil Engineering Fluids Laboratory in Term 2. Students will work as a team. A group report will be required.Water FeatureDuring Term 2, students will work in groups of 5 or 6 to design and build a water feature. In the last week of the semester, each group will demonstrate their water feature. A group report will be required.Missing units in answers unless these are dimensionlessZero points will be given to the problem
Bird, R. Byron , Stewart, Warren E., Lightfoot, Edwin N;
2nd, Wiley international ed;
J. Wiley, 2002.
De Nevers, Noel;
Fluid mechanics for chemical engineers;
McGraw-Hill Higher Education, 2005.
Himmelblau, David Mautner , Riggs, James B;
Basic principles and calculations in chemical engineering;
7th ed. ;
Prentice Hall Professional Technical Reference, 2004.
Holland, F. A. , Bragg, R;
Fluid flow for chemical engineers;
2nd ed. ;
Edward Arnold, 1995.
Kessler, David P. , Greenkorn, Robert Albert;
Momentum, heat, and mass transfer fundamentals;
Marcel Dekker, 1999.
Wilkes, James O. , Bike, Stacy G;
Fluid mechanics for chemical engineers;
Prentice Hall PTR, 1999.
Physical quantities, units, unit conversion, basic flows in chemical engineering:Basic Principles and Calculations in Chemical Engineering (Himmelblau & Riggs, 2004, all-time best seller): Fluid mechanics knowledge necessary in chemical engineering:Fluid Flow for Chemical Engineers (Holland & Bragg, 1995)Fluid Mechanics for Chemical Engineers (Wilkes, 1999) Fluid Mechanics for Chemical Engineers (Nevers, 2005) Fundamentals, Similarities / differences among fluid mechanics, heat transfer, and mass transfer:Transport Phenomena (Bird, Stewart & Lightfoot, 2002, all-time best seller)Momentum, Heat, and Mass Transfer Fundamentals (Kessler & Greenkorn, 1999)
ConcernsStudents with concerns about the course should contact Daniel Holland, the 2nd Pro Director of Studies, or the Head of Department.General Policies of the DepartmentStudents may obtain the general policies of the University from the website. For example:Special considerations: http://www.canterbury.ac.nz/study/special-consideration/ Academic Appeals of Assessments: Students with concerns about assessment processes or grades should be advised to speak first with the relevant lecturer. If the matter cannot be resolved, then the student should meet and discuss the matter with the Head of Department/School and thereafter follow the procedures outlined in the University procedures http://www.canterbury.ac.nz/media/documents/postgraduate-/Academic-Appeals-Grievances-Principles-Procedures.pdf and regulations https://www.canterbury.ac.nz/regulations/general-regulations/academic-appeals-and-grievances/Reconsideration of grades: If you are concerned that your final grade may be incorrect it is suggested (for CAPE) that you make an informal query to the course coordinator, but you may follow the official procedures: http://www.canterbury.ac.nz/study/examinations/result-dates-and-appeals/ Disabilities: http://www.canterbury.ac.nz/disability/
This is a core chemical engineering course and is a prerequisite of ENCH393.Course Requirements:Completion of all assignments, projects and tests.
Course Policies on Collaboration and CheatingSolving problems in small teams and collaborative learning when working on assignments is encouraged. However direct copying will result in reduced or zero marks for all students involved. The assignments are mainly a tool to prepare you for the exams. We advise you to try them individually before collaborating in groups.General Policies of the DepartmentStudents may obtain the general policies of the University on matters such as special consideration applications, appeal procedures, reconsideration of grades and special provision for students with disabilities from the University CalendarThere are two lab components in this course. Attendance to both is compulsory, and each group member must sign the submitted report.
Two assignments will be given out throughout the semester and will be supported by tutorials. The assignments are to be handed in to assignment boxes on the 4th floor of the Link building (CAPE academic offices)Assignment 1 (5%): Unit conversions, viscosity, fluid statics, due 13 MarchAssignment 2 (5%): Pumps, complete systems and compressible flow, due 15 May Civil engineering fluids lab (5%, group report) due 1 week after the lab, 5pmWater feature group project (10%) broken in to milestones 1%, project scoping 1%, final design 3%, WF demonstration 5%, Report due 29 MayPeer assessment will be used in water feature project to generate an individual grade for each student.Test (20%): 50 min during normal lecture time on 27 MarchFinal Exam (55%): 150 min, date: TBA
Late submissions will lose 10% grade per day overdue.
To be submitted to the course coordinator, or see Department policy on Special Consideration.
To be submitted to the course coordinator
CAPE reception, 4th Floor Link building, or to Learn (as directed).
Domestic fee $975.00
International fee $5,500.00
* Fees include New Zealand GST and do not include any programme level discount or additional course related expenses.
For further information see
Chemical and Process Engineering.