Seminar Series

Retraction Statements and Research Misconduct in Economics, Business and Management Studies: Causes, Consequences and Remedies


Professor Russell Craig


University of Portsmouth, UK

Time & Place

Wed, 20 Sep 2017 17:00:00 NZST in Law 236

All are welcome


Academic wrongdoing has attracted considerably increased attention and concern in recent years, particularly in the physical sciences. The Erskine Lecture will focus on my two recent studies (with Tourish and Cox) of research misconduct in the social sciences: one in business and management studies, and the other in economics. The specific types of research fraud examined in these studies include data fabrication, data falsification, plagiarism, self-plagiarism, p-hacking, and HARKing (Hypothesising After the Results are Known).
Retracted journal articles will be used as a lens to highlight the frequency, nature and pattern of research malpractice in business and management studies, and economics, based on an analysis of 127 retracted scholarly articles in business and management studies, and 53 retracted scholarly articles in economics.
A portrait will be provided of the nature, extent, causes and consequences of questionable research practices in business and management studies and economics. This will identify a range of institutional, environmental and behavioural factors that interact to provide incentives that sustain research fraud and misconduct. Attention will be given to exploring “no reason” retractions and to improving stated editorial policy guidelines regarding retracted papers.
The lecture will present recommendations for action by authors, editors, publishers and the broader scientific community. These recommendations are intended to strengthen research ethics and integrity and to reduce instances of various forms of research misconduct.
A broad conclusion is that deterrents to engaging in research malpractice should be stronger. Achieving such a state is not helped by the vagueness of retraction statements and by a general reluctance to understand, and to signal, research malpractice.


Russell Craig is an internationally recognised scholar who is a Professor at the Portsmouth Business School, University of Portsmouth, UK. He is also an honorary adjunct professor at the University of Canterbury, New Zealand and at Victoria University, Melbourne, Australia. His main research interests include financial reporting, management education, and the accountability discourse of executives. A central concern that underlies much of Professor Craig's research is to make accounting and financial reporting better and more objective. His work exposes the folly of unquestioning acceptance of measures contained in published accounting reports and in narrative accounts by CEOs.
Professor Craig is the author of about 200 research papers, research monographs and book chapters. His two major scholarly books are CEOSpeak: The Language of Corporate Leadership (MQUP 2006, with Joel Amernic); and John Croaker: Convict Embezzler (MUP 2000, with John Booker). He is currently an editorial board member (or editorial adviser) of Accounting, Auditing & Accountability Journal; Accounting Forum; and Accounting and Business Research. In 2000, Professor Craig was awarded the Australian National University Vice Chancellor’s Award for Teaching Excellence.