Dr Marti Kheel

In memoriam: Marti Kheel

Researchers and students around the world will be deeply saddened to hear of Marti's death on November 19 ... [read more]

Marti Kheel is a prominent writer and activist in the areas of ecofeminism, animal advocacy, and environmental ethics. Her articles have been widely published in journals and anthologies both within the United States and abroad. She co-founded Feminists for Animal Rights in 1982 and holds a doctorate from the Graduate Theological Union in Berkeley, where she is currently a visiting scholar.

For more information go to Marti Kheel's website.


Nature Ethics: An Ecofeminist Perspective. Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield, 2008.


“Direct Action and the Heroic Ideal: An Ecofeminist Critique,” in Anthony J. Nocella and Steve Best, eds., Igniting a Revolution: Voices in Defense of Mother Earth. Oakland, CA: AK Press, 2006.

“Vegetarianism and Ecofeminism: Toppling Patriarchy with a Fork.,” in Steve F. Sapontzis, ed., Food for Thought: The Debate Over Eating Meat. Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books, 2004.

“The History of Vegetarianism,” in Shepard Krech III, C. Merchant, and J.R. McNeill, eds., The Encyclopedia of World Environmental History. New York: Routledge, 2004.

 “License to Kill: An Ecofeminist Critique of Hunters’ Discourse,” in Carol J. Adams and Josephine Donovan, eds., Animals and Women: Feminist Theoretical Explorations. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1995.

“From Heroic to Holistic Ethics: The Ecofeminist Challenge,” in Greta Gaard, ed., Ecofeminism: Women, Animals, Nature. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1993. Reprinted in James P. Sterba, ed., Earth Ethics: Environmental Ethics, Animal Rights and Practical Applications, Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1995, and Janet A. Kourany, James P. Sterba, and Rosemarie Tong, eds., Feminist Philosophies: Problems Theories and Applications, Second Edition, Prentice-Hall, 1999.

“Ecofeminism and Deep Ecology: Reflections on Identity and Difference” (expanded version), in Carol Robb and Carl Casebolt, eds.,Covenant for a New Creation: Ethics, Religion, and Public Policy. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Press, 1991. Reprinted (revised) in The Trumpeter: A Journal of Ecosophy 8 (Spring 1991).

“Ecofeminism and Deep Ecology: Reflections on Identity and Difference,” in Irene Diamond and Gloria Orenstein, eds., Reweaving the World: The Emergence of Ecofeminism. San Francisco: Sierra Club Publishers, 1990.

“From Healing Herbs to Deadly Drugs: Western Medicine’s War Against the Natural World,” in  Judith Plant, ed., Healing the Wounds: The Promise of Ecofeminism. Philadelphia: New Society Publishers, 1989. Reprinted in The Townshend Letter for Doctors 102 (January 1992) and Alison M. Jaggar, ed., Living with Contradictions: Controversies in Feminist Social Ethics, Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1994. Translated into Japanese by the Japan League for the Abolition of Vivisection. Translated into Chinese by Wu Pei for Environment and Society 3.4 (December 2000).


“World Day for Laboratory Animals.” Between the Species 3 (August 2003).

“Animal Husbandry: Time for Divorce.” Feminists for Animal Rights Semiannual Publication 12 (Autumn 2000/Winter 2001)

“The Killing Game: An Ecofeminist Critique of Hunting.” Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 23 (May 1996). Reprinted in Susan J. Armstrong and Richard G, Botzler, eds., The Animal Ethics Reader. New York: Routledge, 2006.

“If Women and Animals Were Heard.” Feminists for Animal Rights Semiannual Publication 5 (Summer/Fall 1990): 5-8.

“Liberazione Animale Ed Etica Ambientale puo L’Ecofeminismo Accorciare Le Distanza?” (Animal Liberation and Environmental Ethics: Can Ecofeminism Bridge the Gap?), translated by Paola Cavalieri. Etica e Animali 11, no.1 (1989).

“Animal Liberation is a Feminist Issue.” The New Catalyst Quarterly 10 (Winter 1988): 8-9.

“Befriending the Beast.” Creation 3 (September/October 1987): 11-14.

“The Liberation of Nature: A Circular Affair.” Environmental Ethics 7 (Summer 1985): 135-149. Reprinted in Animal Rights and Human Obligations, 2nd ed., eds. Tom Regan and Peter Singer, Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1989; in Thirteen Questions in Ethics, eds. G. Lee Bowie, Kathleen Huggins, and Meredith Michaels, New York: Harcourt Brace and Jovanovich, 1992; and in The Feminist Care Tradition in Animal Ethics, eds. Josephine Donovan and Carol J. Adams, New York: Columbia University Press, 2007.

“Speaking the Unspeakable: Sexism in the Animal Rights Movement.” Feminists for Animal Rights Newsletter 2, (Summer/Fall 1985): 1-7.

“An/Aesthetics: The Re-Presentation of Women and Animals.” Between the Species 1 (Spring 1985): 37-45.