Psychology is the scientific study of behaviour and associated biological, cognitive and social processes in humans and other animals. It is a rapidly developing field touching on all aspects of human life. Advances in neuroimaging and molecular biology are rapidly enhancing our understanding of how the brain works, while more and more complex theories are being developed to understand both normal and abnormal development and the behaviour of individuals and groups. Major advances are being made in understanding and treating psychopathologies such as anxiety, depression, eating disorders and addictions.
We aim to encourage students to:
- think independently and critically about psychological issues
- become knowledgeable about the key methods, important findings and major theories of psychology
- learn how to distinguish genuine findings from implausible and suspect claims
- understand modern scientific research in psychology.
Psychology may be taken as a major subject for a BA or BSc degree. It may also be taken as a subsidiary subject in Law, Commerce, Education, Music and Fine Arts degrees.
The Department of Psychology offers a balanced and comprehensive set of courses covering the major aspects of the subject. We also offer excellent opportunities to undertake work in experimental psychology and we have nationally and internationally recognised postgraduate applied programmes in Clinical Psychology and in Industrial and Organisational Psychology, leading to professional registration.
Postgraduate students in particular develop the range of skills necessary to undertake research in psychological science. Such skills are required of practising psychologists, but they are also extremely valuable for a wide range of other occupations.
Psychology is a very popular subject for university study. The department has more than 25 specialist academic staff offering a diverse range of research and teaching options, assisted by clinical educators, and technical, computer support and administrative staff. The department has a large number of undergraduate and postgraduate students and we seek to foster close working relationships between staff and students. Undergraduate students from 100-level courses onwards can become involved in research projects, and may make significant contributions to the discipline.
The department provides students with modern computer-based laboratories, excellent digital recording and editing equipment, an extensive library of psychological tests, a virtual reality laboratory, and laboratories for animal behaviour and neuroscience; perception and cognition; and social, developmental, and applied psychology. It has a Psychology Clinic where clinical students receive training, and has working relationships with the Canterbury District Health Board and the Department of Corrections, offering opportunities for research and clinical internships.
Psychology is presented and taught as a science, but students from both arts and science backgrounds find the study of Psychology an interesting and worthwhile challenge. Being able to write clearly and lucidly is a key skill for psychologists at every level of training and professional activity. Increasingly, Psychology has come to incorporate findings from neuroscience, making some background knowledge in biology very useful. Use is also made of statistical methods in the analysis and treatment of research data and competence in mathematics at Year 11 and computer skills using Microsoft Windows are assumed. Students with interests in the physical sciences, biological sciences, and/or mathematics and statistics are welcome and will find that background useful. Equally, students with a background in art, history, social sciences, English and other languages will find aspects of Psychology interesting and challenging.
There are two first-year courses: PSYC 105 and PSYC 106. PSYC 105 is taught in the first semester and PSYC 106 is taught in the second semester. Both PSYC 105 and PSYC 106 include weekly two-hour laboratory classes. This offers the opportunity for first-hand experience of some of the phenomena discussed in lectures and the text, and it also incorporates an introduction to the research methods and statistics employed in Psychology.
Taken together, the two courses provide a broad general introduction to psychology. As the department regards them as essential joint prerequisites for 200-level Psychology courses, first-year students are strongly advised to enrol in both courses.
At 200-level courses are offered in cognition, developmental psychology, personality, and sensation and perception as well as a core course in research design and statistics (PSYC 206). 300-level courses cover abnormal psychology, adult development, biological psychology, cognitive psychology, social psychology, family psychology, health psychology, industrial and organisational psychology, learning, judgement and decision-making, and environmental psychology, plus there is an advanced course in research methods.
For a major in Psychology four courses (including PSYC 206) are required at 200-level. In addition, to be eligible to enter postgraduate courses in Psychology, students must have passed PSYC 344 Research Methods. To be eligible to apply for the Clinical Psychology programme, students must have passed PSYC 335 Abnormal Psychology, and to be eligible to apply for the Industrial/Organisational programme, students must have passed PSYC 336 Industrial and Organisational Psychology.
BA students may wish to complete a minor in Psychology. This requires passing PSYC 105 and PSYC 106 and any further 45 points in advanced PSYC courses (200 and 300-level courses).
In addition to the general honours, master's and PhD degrees in Psychology, the department has programmes in Experimental Psychology, Clinical Psychology, and Industrial and Organisational Psychology. The experimental programme caters for those interested in academic research in both applied and non-applied areas of Psychology.
Psychologists have a unique mix of skills. As well as a basic knowledge about people, as individuals and in groups, they are required to have excellent writing and communication skills, the ability to analyse and understand quantitative data, and a critical and objective way of approaching problems.
The research, computing, data analysis and writing skills acquired as part of psychology training are frequently sought by employers. Psychology graduates hold research and policy analysts positions in government departments and other large public sector organisations, as well as positions of responsibility in a variety of settings, including many private sector businesses. Many graduates are employed in public relations, teaching and training, District Health Boards, the New Zealand Defence Forces, the Department of Corrections and in social service agencies such as employment services, social welfare, counselling services, and health promotion.
Further specialist opportunities open up for those who have completed postgraduate training in Clinical Psychology, Industrial and Organisational Psychology (College of Science) and Child and Family Psychology (College of Education), leading to professional registration as a psychologist. Clinical psychologists and child and family psychologists work with individuals and their families where there are difficulties in adjustment and coping. The programme in Industrial and Organisational Psychology provides training for those who wish to become psychologists within large organisations or who wish to work in human resource management.
For further career information, please go to www.canterbury.ac.nz/careers