UC SPARK - University of Canterbury - New Zealand

Professor Mark Billinghurst


Phone: +64 3 364 2987 ext. 6403

Office: NZi3 Rm 212b

Fields of Research

  • Augmented reality
  • Computer interfaces
  • Human computer interaction
  • Interaction Design
  • Mobile phone user interface
  • Video conferencing
  • Virtual reality
  • Earthquake research

Researcher Summary

Research focuses primarily on next generation user interfaces such as: 1. Wearable computing: spatial and collaborative interfaces for small wearable computers. these interfaces address the idea of what is possible when you merge ubiquitous computing and communications on the body. 2. Shared space: an interface that demonstrates how augmented reality, the overlaying of virtual objects on the real world, can radically enhance face-face and remote collaboration. 3. Multimodal input: combining natural language and artificial intelligence techniques to allow human computer interaction with an intuitive mix of voice, gesture, speech, gaze and body motion. 4. Mobile phone interfaces: using augmented reality on mobile phones, and also using mobile phones for social networking. 5. Advanced teleconferencing: using high bandwidth networks for remote collaboration. 6. Augmented reality: developing interfaces that enable virtual images to be merged with the real world in real time. 7. Immersive visualization: using stereo projection systems to support advanced immersive visualization.

Subject Area: Disciplines

Research Groups

Future Research

  • Mobile Augmented Reality Interfaces
  • Mobile phone user interfaces
  • Next generation teleconferencing

Key Methodologies

  • Interaction Design
  • Usability testing

Affiliations

Research/Scholarly/Creative Works

Journal Articles
  • Westerfield G., Mitrovic A. and Billinghurst M. (2015) Intelligent Augmented Reality Training for Motherboard Assembly. International Journal of Artificial Intelligence in Education 25(1): 157-172. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40593-014-0032-x.
  • Aamir R., Chernoglazov A., Bateman CJ., Butler APH., Butler PH., Anderson NG., Bell ST., Panta RK., Healy JL. and Mohr JL. (2014) MARS spectral molecular imaging of lamb tissue: Data collection and image analysis. Journal of Instrumentation 9(2) P02005: 12. http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1748-0221/9/02/P02005.
  • Rajendran K., Walsh MF., de Ruiter NJA., Chernoglazov AI., Panta RK., Butler APH., Butler PH., Bell ST., Anderson NG. and Woodfield TBF. (2014) Reducing beam hardening effects and metal artefacts using Medipix3RX: With applications from biomaterial science. Journal of Instrumentation 9: 1-11. http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1748-0221/9/03/P03015.
  • Dünser A., Billinghurst M., Wen J., Lehtinen V. and Nurminen A. (2012) Exploring the use of handheld AR for outdoor navigation. Computers and Graphics 36(8): 1084-1095. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cag.2012.10.001.
  • Hauber J., Regenbrecht H., Cockburn A. and Billinghurst M. (2012) The Impact of Collaborative Style on the Perception of 2D and 3D Videoconferencing Interfaces. The Open Software Engineering Journal 6(1): 1-20. http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1874107X01206010001.
  • Ajanki A., Billinghurst M., Gamper H., Järvenpää T., Kandemir M., Kaski S., Koskela M., Kurimo M., Laaksonen J. and Puolamäki K. (2011) An augmented reality interface to contextual information. Virtual Reality 15(2-3): 161-173. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10055-010-0183-5.
  • Billinghurst M. (2011) The Human Interface Technology Laboratory New Zealand (HIT Lab NZ). SBC Journal on 3D Interactive Systems 2(2): 10-11.
  • Green SA., Chase JG., Chen XQ. and Billinghurst M. (2010) Evaluating the Augmented Reality Human-Robot Collaboration System. International Journal of Intelligent Systems Technologies and Applications 8(1-4): 130-143. http://dx.doi.org/10.1504/IJISTA.2010.030195.
  • Jeon S., Hwang J., Kim GJ. and Billinghurst M. (2010) Interaction with large ubiquitous displays using camera-equipped mobile phones. Personal and Ubiquitous Computing 14(2): 83-94. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00779-009-0249-0.
  • Green SA., Billinghurst M., Chen XQ. and Chase JG. (2008) Human-Robot Collaboration: A Literature Review and Augmented Reality Approach in Design. International Journal of Advanced Robotic Systems 5(1): 1-18.
  • Hong D., Höllerer T., Haller M., Takemura H., Cheok AD., Kim GJ., Billinghurst M., Woo W., Hornecker E. and Jacob RJK. (2008) Advances in Tangible Interaction and Ubiquitous Virtual Reality. IEEE Pervasive Computing 7(2): 90-96.
  • Sodnik J., Dicke C., Tomazic S. and Billinghurst M. (2008) A user study of auditory versus visual interfaces for use while driving. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies 66(5): 318-332. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhcs.2007.11.001.
  • Billinghurst M. (2006) Virtual Reality Down Under: VR Research in Oceania. Journal of the Virtual Reality Society of Japan 11(1): 38-41.
  • Billinghurst M., Regenbrecht H., Haller M. and Hauber J. (2006) New interface approaches for telemedicine. New Zealand Family Physician 33(1): 8-12.
  • Regenbrecht H., Haller M., Hauber J. and Billinghurst M. (2006) Carpeno: interfacing remote collaborative virtual environments with table-top interaction. Virtual Reality 10(2): 95-107. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10055-006-0045-3.
  • Billinghurst M., Grasset R. and Looser J. (2005) Designing Augmented Reality Interfaces. Computer Graphics -New York- Association for Computing Machinery- 39(1): 17-22. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1057792.1057803.
  • Billinghurst M., Grasset R., Green R. and Haller M. (2005) Inventing the Future Down Under: The Human Interface Technology Laboratory New Zealand (HIT Lab NZ). Computer Graphics -New York- Association for Computing Machinery- 39(2): 18-23. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1080376.1080388.
  • Billinghurst M. (2002) Wearable Appliances: The Future of Wearable Computing. Appliance Design 2: 5-6.
  • Billinghurst M. and Kato H. (2002) Collaborative Augmented Reality. Communications of the ACM - July 2002 45(7): 64-70.
  • Billinghurst M., Cheok A., Prince S. and Kato H. (2002) Real World Teleconferencing. IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications - Nov/Dec 2002 22(6): 11-33.
  • Kato H., Billinghurst M., Poupyrev I., Tetsutani N. and Tachibana K. (2002) Tangible Augmented Reality for Human Computer Interaction (in Japanese). The Journal of the Society for Art and Science 1(2): 97-104.
  • Kiyokawa K. and Billinghurst M. (2002) Communication Behaviours in Face-to-face Collaboration using AR Interfaces. (In Japanese). Transactions of the Virtual Reality Society of Japan 7(2)
  • Poupyrev I., Tan D., Billiinghurst M., Kato H. and Regenbrecht Tetsutani N. (2002) Developing a Generic Augmented Reality Interface. IEEE Computer - March 2002 : 44-50.
  • Billinghurst M., Kato H. and Poupyrev I. (2001) The MagicBook: Moving Seamlessly between Reality and Virtual Reality.. IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications 21(3): 2-4.
  • Kato H., Billinghurst M. and Poupyrev I. (2001) The MagicBook: A Transitional AR Interface. Computers and Graphics 25(4): 745-753.
  • Billinghurst M. and Kato H. (2000) Out and About: Real World Teleconferencing. British Telecom Technical Journal (BTTJ) Millenium Edition - January 2000
  • Billinghurst M. and Starner T. (2000) A Review of the ISWC 98 Conference on Wearable Computers. SigCHI Bulletin - April 2000
  • Kato H., Billinghurst M., Asano K. and Tachibana K. (2000) An Augmented Reality Tracking System and its Calibration based on Marker Tracking. Journal of the Japanese Virtual Reality Society Jan 2000
Intellectual Property
  • Kato H. and Billinghurst M. (2008) Tracking a surface in a 3-dimensional scene using natural visual features of the surface.Patent No. 7343278 B2.
Chapters
  • Wen J., Deneka A., Helton WS., Dünser A. and Billinghurst M. (2014) Fighting Technology Dumb Down: Our Cognitive Capacity for Effortful AR Navigation Tools. In Kurosu M (Ed.), Human Computer Interaction: 525-536. Geneva: Springer International Publishing.
  • Billinghurst M. and Lee M. (2012) Multimodal interfaces for augmented reality, expanding the frontiers of visual analytics and visualization. In Dill J; Earnshaw R; Kasik D; Vince J; Wong PC (Ed.), Expanding the Frontiers of Visual Analytics and Visualization: 449-465. Dordrecht: Springer. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4471-2804-5_25.
  • Woodward C., Hakkarainen M. and Billinghurst M. (2012) A Client/Server Architecture for Augmented Assembly on Mobile Phones. In Alencar P; Cowan D (Ed.), Handbook of Research on Mobile Software Engineering: Design, Implementation and Emergent Applications: 1-16. Hershey: IGI Global. http://dx.doi.org/10.4018/978-1-61520-655-1.
  • Billinghurst M. and Thomas BH. (2011) Mobile Collaborative Augmented Reality. In Alem L; Huang W (Ed.), Recent Trends of Mobile Collaborative Augmented Reality Systems: 1-19. New York: Springer. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-9845-3_1.
  • Grasset R., Mulloni A., Billinghurst M. and Schmalstieg D. (2011) Navigation Techniques in Augmented and Mixed Reality: Crossing the Virtuality Continuum. In Furht B (Ed.), Handbook of Augmented Reality: 379-407. Boca Raton: Springer. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-0064-6_18.
  • Billinghurst M., Grasset R. and Seichter H. (2010) Tangible Interfaces for Ambient Augmented Reality Applications. In Aghajan H; Augusto JC; Delgado R (Ed.), Human-Centric Interfaces for Ambient Intelligence: 281-302. New York: Elsevier. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-374708-2.00011-5.
  • Billinghurst M., Grasset R., Seichter H. and Dünser A. (2009) Towards Ambient Augmented Reality with Tangible Interfaces. In Jacko JA (Ed.), Human-Computer Interaction. Ambient, Ubiquitous and Intelligent Interaction: 387-396. Berlin: Springer. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-02580-8_42.
  • Billinghurst M. and Henrysson A. (2008) Mobile Architectural Augmented Reality. In Wang X; Schnabel MA (Ed.), Mixed Reality In Architecture, Design And Construction: 93-104. Berlin: Springer.
  • Green SA., Billinghurst M., Chen XQ. and Chase JG. (2007) Augmented Reality for Human-Robot Collaboration. In Sarkar N (Ed.), Human-Robot Interaction: 65-94. Vienna: I-Tech Publishing.
  • Henrysson A., Billinghurst M. and Ollila M. (2007) Mobile Phone Based Augmented Reality. In Haller M; Billinghurst M; Thomas B (Ed.), Emerging Technologies of Augmented Reality: Interfaces and Design: 90-109. Hershey: Idea Group.
  • Lee G., Kim G. and Billinghurst M. (2007) Interaction Design for Tangible Augmented Reality Applications. In Haller M; Billinghurst M; Thomas B (Ed.), Emerging Technologies of Augmented Reality: Interfaces and Design: 261-282. Hershey: Idea Group.
  • Billinghurst M., Miller E. and Weghorst S. (2000) Collaboration with Wearable Computers. In Barfield W; Caudell T (Ed.), Fundamental of Wearable Computers and Augmented RealityLawrence Erlbaum & Associates.
Conference Contributions - Published
  • Dey A., Billinghurst M., Lindeman RW. and Swan JE. (2016) A Systematic Review of Usability Studies in Augmented Reality between 2005 and 2014 (Poster). In ISMAR 2016 - Adjunct Proceedings of the 2016 IEEE International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality: 49-50. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ISMAR-Adjunct.2016.0036.
  • Lee G., Chen J., Billinghurst M. and Lindeman RW. (2016) Enhancing Immersive Cinematic Experience with Augmented Virtuality (Poster). In ISMAR 2016 - Adjunct Proceedings of the 2016 IEEE International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality: 115-116. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ISMAR-Adjunct.2016.0054.
  • Nassani A., Kim H., Lee G., Billinghurst M., Langlotz T. and Lindeman RW. (2016) Augmented Reality Annotation for Social Video Sharing. Macau, China: Symposium on Mobile Graphics and Interactive Applications, In SA '16 - Proceedings of SIGGRAPH ASIA 2016 - Mobile Graphics and Interactive Applications http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/2999508.2999529.
  • Bai H., Lee G. and Billinghurst M. (2015) Free-hand Gesture Interfaces for an Augmented Exhibition Podium. Melbourne, Australia: The Annual Meeting of the Australian Special Interest Group for Computer Human Interaction 2015 (OzCHI '15), 7-10 Dec 2015. In OzCHI '15 Proceedings: 182-186. http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/2838739.2838799.
  • Kim H., Lee GA. and Billinghurst M. (2015) A Non-linear Mapping Technique for Bare-hand Interaction in Large Virtual Environments. Melbourne, Australia: The Annual Meeting of the Australian Special Interest Group for Computer Human Interaction 2015 (OzCHI '15), 7-10 Dec 2015. In OzCHI '15 Proceedings: 53-61. http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/2838739.2838774.
  • Kim S., Lee GA., Ha S., Sakata N. and Billinghurst M. (2015) Automatically Freezing Live Video for Annotation during Remote Collaboration. Seoul, Korea: 33rd Annual ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI2015), 18-23 Apr 2015. In CHI EA '15 Proceedings: 1669-1674. http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/2702613.2732838.
  • Lee GA., Wong J., Park HS., Choi JS., Park CJ. and Billinghurst M. (2015) User Defined Gestures for Augmented Virtual Mirrors: A Guessability Study. Seoul, Korea: 33rd Annual ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI 2015), 18-23 Apr 2015. In Proceedings of the 33rd Annual ACM Conference Extended Abstracts on Human Factors in Computing Systems CHI EA '15: 959-964. http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/2702613.2732747.
  • Bai H., Lee G. and Billinghurst M. (2014) Using 3D hand gestures and touch input for wearable AR interaction. Toronto, Canada: ACM CHI 2014 Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, 26 Apr-1 May 2014. In CHI '14 Extended Abstracts: 1321-1326. http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/2559206.2581371.
  • Bai H., Lee G., Mukundan R. and Billinghurst M. (2014) 3D Gesture Interaction for Handheld Augmented Reality. Shenzhen, China: 2014 Mobile Graphics and Interactive Applications Symposium (SIGGRAPH Asia), 3-6 Dec 2014. (7): 1-6. http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/2669062.2669073.
  • Billinghurst M. (2014) Using augmented reality to create empathic experiences. Haifa, Israel: 19th International Conference on Intelligent User Interfaces, 24-27 Feb 2014. In Proceedings: 5-6.
  • Billinghurst M. and Raffle H. (2014) The glass class: designing wearable interfaces. Toronto, Canada: ACM CHI 2014 Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, 26 Apr-1 May 2014. : 1041-1042.
  • Billinghurst M., Nassani A. and Reichherzer C. (2014) Social panoramas: using wearable computers to share experiences. Shenzhen, China: 2014 Mobile Graphics and Interactive Applications Symposium (SIGGRAPH Asia), 3-6 Dec 2014. : 25pp.
  • Bradshaw H., Holland EP. and Billinghurst M. (2014) Ora-Save the Forest! Designing a Social Impact Game. Sydney, Australia: International Conference on Entertainment Computing (ICEC 2014), 1-3 Oct 2014. In Lecture Notes in Computer Science (LNCS) 8770: 84-91. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-45212-7_11.
  • Lukosch S., Billinghurst M., Kiyokawa K. and Alem L. (2014) Collaboration in mediated and augmented reality. Munich, Germany: 2014 IEEE International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality (ISMAR), 10-12 Sep 2014.
  • Piumsomboon T., Clark A. and Billinghurst M. (2014) [DEMO] G-SIAR: Gesture-speech interface for augmented reality. Munich, Germany: 2014 IEEE International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality (ISMAR), 10-12 Sep 2014.
  • Polvi J., Taketomi T., Yamamoto G., Billinghurst M., Sandor C. and Kato H. (2014) Evaluating a SLAM-based handheld augmented reality guidance system. Honolulu, HI, USA: 2nd ACM Symposium on Spatial User Interaction, 4-5 Oct 2014.
  • Wen J., Deneka A., Helton WS., Dunser A. and Billinghurst M. (2014) Really, it's for your own good... making augmented reality navigation tools harder to use. Toronto, Canada: ACM CHI 2014 Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, 26 Apr-1 May 2014. In CHI '14 Extended Abstracts: 1297-1302.
  • Yusof C., Bai H., Billinghurst M. and Sunar M. (2014) A Review of 3D Gesture Interaction for Handheld Augmented Reality. Sabah, Malaysia: International Conference on Interactive Digital Media (ICIDM 2014), 2-4 Dec 2014.
  • Bai H., Gao L., El-Sana J. and Billinghurst M. (2013) Free-Hand Interaction for Handheld Augmented Reality using an RGB-Depth Camera. Hong Kong: 6th ACM SIGGRAPH Conference and Exhibition on Computer Graphics and Interactive Techniques in Asia, 19-22 Nov 2013. http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/2543651.2543667.
  • Billinghurst M. (2013) A Natural User Interface Technology for Command and Control Dispatch Workstation. Christchurch, New Zealand: CHINZ 2013: 14th Annual Conference of the New Zealand Chapter of the ACM Special Interest Group on Computer-Human Interaction, 15-16 Nov 2013. In Proceedings of the 14th ACM SIGCHI New Zealand Chapter's International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction
  • Billinghurst M. (2013) An S-PI Vision-based Tracking System for Object Manipulation in Augmented Reality. Sarawak, Malaysia: 2nd International Conference on Interactive Digital Media (ICIDM 2013), 2-4 Dec 2013.
  • Billinghurst M. (2013) Using the S-PI Algorithm for Interaction in Augmented Reality. Christchurch, New Zealand: CHINZ 2013: 14th Annual Conference of the New Zealand Chapter of the ACM Special Interest Group on Computer-Human Interaction, 15-16 Nov 2013. In Proceedings 14th Annual Conference of the New Zealand Chapter of the ACM Special Interest Group on Computer-Human Interaction
  • Billinghurst M., Altimira D. and Mueller F. (2013) Understanding handicapping for balancing exertion games. Paris, France: CHI '13, 27 Apr-2 May 2013. In CHI '13 Extended Abstracts on Human Factors in Computing Systems: 1125-1130. http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/2468356.2468557.
  • Bleeker T., Lee G. and Billinghurst M. (2013) Ego- and Exocentric interaction for mobile AR conferencing. Adelaide, Australia: ISMAR2013 - International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality, 1-4 Oct 2013.
  • Budhiraja R., Lee G. and Billinghurst M. (2013) Interaction techniques for HMD-HHD hybrid AR systems. Adelaide, Australia: International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality (ISMAR), 1-4 Oct 2013. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ISMAR.2013.6671786.
  • Budhiraja R., Lee G. and Billinghurst M. (2013) Using a HHD with a HMD for Mobile AR Interaction. Adelaide, Australia: International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality (ISMAR), 1-4 Oct 2013. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ISMAR.2013.6671837.
  • Damian I., Kistler F., Obaid M., Bueling R., Billinghurst M. and Andre E. (2013) Motion Capturing Empowered Interaction with a Virtual Agent in an Augmented Reality Environment. Adelaide, Australia: International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality (ISMAR), 1-4 Oct 2013. In proceedings: 1-6. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ISMAR.2013.6671830.
  • Huidong B., Lei G. and Billinghurst M. (2013) Markerless fingertip-based 3D interaction for handheld augmented reality in a small workspace. Orlando, FL, USA: 2013 IEEE Symposium on 3D User Interfaces (3DUI), 16-17 Mar 2013. In Proceedings: 129-130. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/3DUI.2013.6550212.
  • Kim H., Lee G. and Billinghurst M. (2013) Adaptive Interpupillary Distance Adjustment for Stereoscopic 3D Visualization. Christchurch, New Zealand: CHINZ 2013: 14th Annual Conference of the New Zealand Chapter of the ACM Special Interest Group on Computer-Human Interaction, 15-16 Nov 2013. In Proceedings of the 14th ACM SIGCHI New Zealand Chapter's International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction
  • Kim S., Lee G., Sakata N., Vartiainen E. and Billinghurst M. (2013) Comparing Pointing and Drawing for Remote Collaboration. Adelaide, Australia: International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality (ISMAR), 1-4 Oct 2013. : 1-6. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ISMAR.2013.6671833.
  • Lee A. and Billinghurst M. (2013) Building mobile AR applications using the outdoor AR library. Hong Kong: 6th ACM SIGGRAPH Conference and Exhibition on Computer Graphics and Interactive Techniques in Asia, 19-22 Nov 2013. In Proceedings of the SIGGRAPH Asia 2013 Symposium on Mobile Graphics and Interactive Applications: 1pp. http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/2543651.2543662.
  • Lee G. and Billinghurst M. (2013) A Component based Framework for Mobile Outdoor AR Applications. Hong Kong: 6th ACM SIGGRAPH Conference and Exhibition on Computer Graphics and Interactive Techniques in Asia, 19-22 Nov 2013. In Proceedings of the 12th ACM SIGGRAPH International Conference on Virtual-Reality Continuum and Its Applications in Industry: 207-210. http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/2534329.2534344.
  • Lee G., Duenser A., Nassani A. and Billinghurst M. (2013) AntarcticAR: An Outdoor AR Experience of Virtual Tour to Antarctica. Adelaide, Australia: ISMAR2013 - International Symposium on mixed and augmented reality, 1-4 Oct 2013. In Proceedings: 29-38. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ISMAR-AMH.2013.6671264.
  • Piumsomboon T., Clark A., Billinghurst M. and Cockburn A. (2013) User-defined gestures for Augmented Reality. Cape Town, South Africa: 14th IFIP TC13 Conference on Human-Computer Interaction (INTERACT'13), 2-6 Sep 2013. In Lecture Notes in Computer Science (LNCS) - INTERACT 2013 8118: 282-299. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-40480-1_18.
  • Piumsomboon T., Clark A., Billinghurst M. and Cockburn A. (2013) User-defined gestures for augmented reality. Paris, France: CHI '13, 27 Apr-2 May 2013. In CHI '13 Extended Abstracts on Human Factors in Computing Systems: 955-960. http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/2468356.2468527.
  • Tait M., Tsai T., Sakata N., Billinghurst M. and Vartiainen E. (2013) A Projected Augmented Reality System for Remote Collaboration. Adelaide, Australia: ISMAR2013 - International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality, 1-4 Oct 2013. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ISMAR.2013.6671838.
  • Wen J., Helton W. and Billinghurst M. (2013) If Reality Bites, Bite Back Virtually: Simulating Perfection in Augmented Reality Tracking. Christchurch, New Zealand: CHINZ 2013: 14th Annual Conference of the New Zealand Chapter of the ACM Special Interest Group on Computer-Human Interaction, 15-16 Nov 2013. In Proceedings http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/2542242.2542246.
  • Wen J., Helton WS. and Billinghurst M. (2013) A Study of User Perception, Interface Performance, and Actual Usage of Mobile Pedestrian Navigation Aides. San Diego, CA, USA: Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting (HFES), 30 Sep-4 Oct 2013. In Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting 57(1): 1958-1962. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1541931213571437.
  • Wen J., Helton WS. and Billinghurst M. (2013) Classifying users of mobile pedestrian navigation tools. Adelaide, Australia: 25th Australian Computer-Human Interaction Conference (OzCHI 2013), 25-29 Nov 2013. In Proceedings of the 25th Australian Computer-Human Interaction Conference: Augmentation, Application, Innovation, Collaboration 25: 13-16. http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/2541016.2541073.
  • Westerfield G., Mitrovic A. and Billinghurst M. (2013) Intelligent Augmented Reality Training for Assembly Tasks. Memphis, TN, USA: 16th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education, 9-13 Jul 2013. In Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence 7926: 542-551. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-39112-5_55.
  • Williams S., Green R. and Billinghurst M. (2013) Hybrid Tracking using Gravity Aligned Edges. Christchurch, New Zealand: CHINZ 2013: 14th Annual Conference of the New Zealand Chapter of the ACM Special Interest Group on Computer-Human Interaction, 15-16 Nov 2013.
  • Williams S., Green R. and Billinghurst M. (2013) Transform flow: A mobile augmented reality visualisation and evaluation toolkit. Wellington, New Zealand: 28th International Conference on Image and Vision Computing New Zealand (IVCNZ 2013), 27-29 Nov 2013. : 54-58. http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/mostRecentIssue.jsp?punumber=6710229.
  • Abdul Rahim EE., Duenser A., Billinghurst M., Herritsch A., Unsworth K., Mckinnon A. and Gostomski P. (2012) A desktop virtual reality application for chemical and process engineering education. Melbourne, Australia: OzCHI 2012, 26-30 Nov 2012. In Proceedings of the 24th Australian Computer-Human Interaction Conference: 1-8. http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/2414536.2414537.
  • Bai H., Lee GA. and Billinghurst M. (2012) Freeze view touch and finger gesture based interaction methods for handheld augmented reality interfaces. Dunedin, New Zealand: 27th International Conference on Image and Vision Computing New Zealand (IVCNZ '12), 26-28 Nov 2012. In Proceedings:: 126-131. http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/2425836.2425864.
  • de Sourza Almeida I., Oikawa MA., Polo JC., Miyazaki J., Billinghurst M. and Kato H. (2012) Poster: AR-based Social Presence Enhancement in Video-chat Communication. Costa Mesa, CA, USA: IEEE Symposium on 3D User Interfaces (3DUI), 4-5 Mar 2012. In Proceedings:: 135-136. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/3dui.2012.6184.
  • de Souza Almeida I., Oikawa MA., Carres JP., Miyazaki J., Kato H. and Billinghurst M. (2012) AR-based Video-Mediated Communication: A Social Presence Enhancing Experience. Rio de Janiero, Brazil: 14th Symposium on Virtual and Augmented Reality (SVR 2012), 28-31 May 2012. In Proceedings:: 125-130. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/SVR.2012.4.
  • Lee G. and Billinghurst M. (2012) CityViewAR outdoor AR visualization. Dunedin, New Zealand: 13th International Conference of the NZ Chapter of the ACM's Special Interest Group on Human-Computer Interaction (CHINZ'12), 2-3 Jul 2012. In Proceedings: 97. http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/2379256.2379281.
  • Lee GA. and Billinghurst M. (2012) Assistive techniques for precise touch interaction in handheld augmented reality environments. Singapore: 11th ACM SIGGRAPH International Conference on Virtual-Reality Continuum and its Applications in Industry (VRCAI'12), 2-4 Dec 2012. In Proceedings: 279-286. http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/2407516.2407582.
  • Lee GA., Bai H. and Billinghurst M. (2012) Automatic zooming interface for tangible augmented reality applications. Singapore: 11th ACM SIGGRAPH International Conference on Virtual-Reality Continuum and its Applications in Industry (VRCAI'12), 2-4 Dec 2012. In Proceedings: 9-12. http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/2407516.2407518.
  • Lee GA., Dünser A., Kim S. and Billinghurst M. (2012) CityViewAR: A mobile outdoor AR application for city visualization. Atlanta, GA, USA: 11th IEEE International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality (ISMAR 2012) - Arts, Media, and Humanities Proceedings, 5-8 Nov 2012. In 2012 IEEE International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality (ISMAR-AMH): 57-64. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ISMAR-AMH.2012.6483989.
  • Lim A., Voges K. and Billinghurst M. (2012) The effectiveness of different levels of visual vividness in delivering information to mobile phone users. Honolulu, HI, USA: IEEE First International Conference on Mobile Services (MS), 24-29 Jun 2012. : 105-111. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MobServ.2012.20.
  • Piumsomboon T., Clark A., Umakatsu A. and Billinghurst M. (2012) Poster: Physically-Based Natural Hand and Tangible AR Interaction for Face-to-Face Collaboration on a Tabletop. Costa Mesa, CA, USA: IEEE Symposium on 3D User Interfaces (3DUI), 4-5 Mar 2012. In Proceedings: 155-156. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/3DUI.2012.6184208.
  • Yu JC., Yamamoto G., Miyazaki J., Billinghurst M. and Kato H. (2012) Poster: Manipulation Techniques of 3D Objects Represented as Multi-Viewpoint Images in a 3D Scene. Costa Mesa, CA, USA: IEEE Symposium on 3D User Interfaces (3DUI), 4-5 Mar 2012. In Proceedings: 171-172. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/3DUI.2012.6184216.
  • Billinghurst M. (2011) The Future of Augmented Reality in Our Everyday Life. Nagoya, Japan: 19th International Display Workshops, 4-7 Dec 2011. In Proceedings of the 19th International Display Workshops
  • Clark A., Dünser A., Billinghurst M., Piumsomboon T. and Altimira D. (2011) Seamless interaction in space. Canberra, Australia: 23rd Annual Conference of the Australian Computer-Human Interaction (OzCHI 2011), 28 Nov-2 Dec 2011. In Proceedings of the 23rd Australian Computer-Human Interaction Conference: 88-97. http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/2071536.2071549.
  • Clark A., Piumsomboon T. and Billinghurst M. (2011) Augmented reality micromachines. Hong Kong: 4th ACM SIGGRAPH Conference and Exhibition on Computer Graphics and Interactive Techniques in Asia (SIGGRAPH Asia 2011), 12-15 Dec 2011. In SIGGRAPH Asia 2011 Emerging Technologies http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/2073370.2073390.
  • Lee G. and Billinghurst M. (2011) A user study on the Snap-To-Feature interaction method. Basel, Switzerland: 10th IEEE International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality (ISMAR), 2011, 26-29 Oct 2011. In Proceedings of the 10th IEEE International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality (ISMAR): 245-246. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ISMAR.2011.6092398.
  • Piumsomboon T., Clark A. and Billinghurst M. (2011) Physically-based Interaction for Tabletop Augmented Reality Using a Depth-sensing Camera for Environment Mapping. Auckland, New Zealand: Twenty-sixth International Conference Image and Vision Computing New Zealand (IVCNZ2011), 29 Nov-1 Dec 2011. In Proceedings of Image and Vision Computing New Zealand (IVCNZ2011): 161-166. http://www.ivs.auckland.ac.nz/ivcnz2011/proceedings.pdf.
  • Sharma A., Madhvanath S., Shekhawat A. and Billinghurst M. (2011) MozArt: a multimodal interface for conceptual 3D modeling. Alicante, Spain: 13th International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces (ICMI '11), 14-18 Dec 2011. In Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces: 307-310. http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/2070481.2070538.
  • Dicke C., Aaltonen V. and Billinghurst M. (2010) Simulator Sickness in Mobile Spatial Sound Spaces. Copenhagen, Denmark: 6th International Symposium on Computer Music Modeling and Retrieval, 18-22 May 2009. In Lecture Notes in Computer Science (LNCS): Auditory Display 5954,: 287-305. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-12439-6_15.
  • Dünser A., Looser J., Grasset R., Seichter H. and Billinghurst M. (2010) Evaluation of Tangible User Interfaces for Desktop AR. Gwangju, Korea: International Symposium on Ubiquitous Virtual Reality (ISUVR 2010), 7-10 Jul 2010. In Proceedings: 2010 International Symposium on Ubiquitous Virtual Reality: 36-39. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ISUVR.2010.19.
  • Hagbi N., Grasset R., Bergig O., Billinghurst M. and El-Sana J. (2010) In-Place Sketching for content authoring in Augmented Reality games. Waltham, MA , USA: IEEE Virtual Reality Conference 2010 (VR 2010), 20-24 Mar 2010. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/VR.2010.5444806.
  • Obaid M., Mukundan R. and Billinghurst M. (2010) Rendering and Animating Expressive Caricatures. Chengdu, China: 3rd IEEE International Conference on Computer Science and Information Technology (ICCSIT), 9-11 Jul 2010. : 401-406. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ICCSIT.2010.5564056.
  • Obaid M., Mukundan R., Billinghurst M. and Pelachaud C. (2010) Expressive MPEG-4 Facial Animation Using Quadratic Deformation Models. Sydney, Australia: 2010 7th International Conference on Computer Graphics, Imaging and Visualization (CGIV), 7-10 Aug 2010. : 9-14. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/CGIV.2010.11.
  • Obaid M., Mukundan R., Goecke R., Billinghurst M. and Seichter H. (2009) A Quadratic Deformation Model for Facial Expression Recognition. Melbourne, Australia: Digital Image Computing: Techniques and Applications (DICTA'09), 1-3 Dec 2009. In Proceedings: 264-270. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/DICTA.2009.51.
  • Seichter H., Grasset R., Looser J. and Billinghurst M. (2009) Multitouch interaction for Tangible User Interfaces. Orlando, FL, USA: IEEE International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality (ISMAR) 2009, 19-22 Oct 2009. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ISMAR.2009.5336455.
  • Vaidyanathan A., Billinghurst M. and Sirisena H. (2009) A Visualisation tool to enable Emergency Management. Canberra, Australia: Australasian Telecommunications Networks and Applications Conference (ATNAC 2009), 10-12 Nov 2009.
  • Vaidyanathan A., Wong W., Billinghurst M. and Sirisena H. (2009) Understanding directional load balancing using per call measurement data. Istanbul, Turkey: 2009 International Symposium on Performance Evaluation of Computer and Telecommunication Systems (SPECTS 2009), 13-16 Jul 2009. : 213-220.
  • Buchanan P., Seichter H., Billinghurst M. and Grasset R. (2008) Augmented Reality and Rigid Body Simulation for Edutainment. Yokohama, Japan: International Conference on Advances in Computer Entertainment Technology (ACE 2008), 3-5 Dec 2008. In ACM International Conference Proceedings Series 352: 17-20. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1501750.1501754.
  • Gilroy S., Cavazza M., Chaignon R., Mäkelä SM., Niranen M., André E., Vogt T., Urbain J., Billinghurst M. and Seichter H. (2008) E-Tree: Emotionally Driven Augmented Reality Art. Vancouver, Canada: ACM International Conference on Multimedia, 27-31 Oct 2008. In Proceeding of the 16th ACM international conference on Multimedia: 945-948.
  • Grasset R., Duenser A. and Billinghurst M. (2008) Edutainment with a Mixed Reality Book: A visually augmented illustrative childrens' book. Yokohama, Japan: International Conference on Advances in Computer Entertainment Technology (ACE 2008), 3-5 Dec 2008. http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/1501750.1501819.
  • Grasset R., Duenser A. and Billinghurst M. (2008) Moving Between Contexts - A User Evaluation of a Transitional Interface. Yokohama, Japan: 18th International Conference on Artificial Reality and Telexistence (ICAT 2008), 1-3 Dec 2008.
  • Grasset R., Duenser A. and Billinghurst M. (2008) The Design of a Mixed-Reality Book: Is It Still a Real Book? Cambridge, UK: 7th IEEE and ACM International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality (ISMAR 2008), 15-18 Sep 2008. : 99-102. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ISMAR.2008.4637333.
  • Green SA., Chase JG., Chen XQ. and Billinghurst M. (2008) Evaluating the Augmented Reality Human-Robot Collaboration System. Auckland, New Zealand: 15th International Conference on Mechatronics and Machine Vision in Practice (M2VIP 2008), 2-4 Dec 2008. In Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Mechatronics and Machine Vision in Practice (M2VIP 2008): 575-580.
  • Green SA., Chen XQ., Billinghurst M. and Chase JG. (2008) Collaborating with a Mobile Robot: An Augmented Reality Multimodal Interface. Seoul, Korea: 17th International Federation of Automatic Control World Congress 2008, 6-11 Jul 2008. http://dx.doi.org/10.3182/20080706-5-KR-1001.1809.
  • Gu J., Mukundan R. and Billinghurst M. (2008) Developing Mobile Phone AR Applications Using J2ME. Lincoln, New Zealand: 23rd International Conference Image and Vision Computing New Zealand (IVCNZ08), 26-28 Nov 2008. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/IVCNZ.2008.4762116.
  • Hong D., Looser J., Seichter H., Billinghurst M. and Woo W. (2008) A Sensor-based Interaction for Ubiquitous Virtual Reality Systems. Guangju, Korea: Sixth International Symposium on Ubiquitous Virtual Reality (ISUVR08), 10-13 Jul 2008. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ISUVR.2008.19.
  • Lee M., Green R. and Billinghurst M. (2008) 3D Natural Hand Interaction for AR Applications. Lincoln, New Zealand: 23rd International Conference Image and Vision Computing New Zealand (IVCNZ08), 26-28 Nov 2008. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/IVCNZ.2008.4762125.
  • Zhou F., Duh HBL. and Billinghurst M. (2008) Trends in Augmented Reality Tracking, Interaction and Display: A Review of Ten Years of ISMAR. Cambridge, UK: 7th IEEE and ACM International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality (ISMAR 2008), 15-18 Sep 2008. In Proceedins of ISMAR 2008: 193-202. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ISMAR.2008.4637362.
  • Dünser A., Grasset R., Seichter H. and Billinghurst M. (2007) Applying HCI principles to AR systems design. Charlotte, NC, USA: Mixed Reality User Interfaces: Specification, Authoring, Adaptation (MRUI'07: 2nd International Workshop at the IEEE Virtual Reality 2007 Conference), 11-11 Mar 2007. In Mixed Reality User Interfaces: Specification, Authoring, Adaptation (MRUI'07) Workshop Proceedings: 37-42.
  • Grasset R., Dünser A. and Billinghurst M. (2007) Human-Centered Development of an AR Handheld Display. Nara, Japan: ISMAR 2007, 13-16 Nov 2007. In Proceedings of the 2007 6th IEEE and ACM International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality: 177-180. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ISMAR.2007.4538844.
  • Green SA., Billinghurst M., Chen XQ. and Chase JG. (2007) Human Robot Collaboration: An Augmented Reality Approach A Literature Review And Analysis. Las Vegas, NV, USA: 3rd ASME/IEEE International Conference on Mechatronic and Embedded Systems and Applications, 4-7 Sep 2007. In Proceedings of the ASME 2007 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences & Computers and Information in Engineering Conference IDETC/CIE 2007: 10pp.
  • Looser L., Billinghurst M., Grasset R. and Cockburn A. (2007) An Evaluation of Virtual Lenses for Object Selection in Augmented Reality. Perth, Australia: 5th International Conference on Computer Graphics and Interactive Techniques in Australasia and Southeast Asia (Graphite 2007), 1-4 Dec 2007. In Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Computer Graphics and Interactive Techniques in Australia and Southeast Asia: 203-210. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1321261.1321297.
  • D'H Gough CA., Green R. and Billinghurst M. (2006) User Familiarity in User Interfaces. Great Barrier Island, New Zealand: 21st International Conference Image and Vision Computing New Zealand (IVCNZ 2006), 27-29 Nov 2006. In ACM International Conference Proceeding Series 158: 137-138.
  • Grasset R., Looser J. and Billinghurst M. (2006) Transitional Interface: Concept, Issues and Framework. Santa Barbara, CA, USA: 5th IEEE and ACM International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality (ISMAR 06), 22-25 Oct 2006. In Proceedings ISMAR International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality: 231-232. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ISMAR.2006.297819.
  • Haller M., Brandl P., Leithinger D., Leitner J., Seifried T. and Billinghurst M. (2006) Shared Design Space: Sketching Ideas Using Digital Pens and a Large Augmented Tabletop Setup. Hangzhou, China: 16th International Conference on Artificial Reality and Telexistence (ICAT 2006), 29 Nov-2 Dec 2006. In Lecture Notes in Computer Science (LNCS) 4282(Advances in Artificial Reality and Tele-Existence): 185-196. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/11941354_20.
  • Haller M., Leithinger D., Leitner J., Seifried T., Brandl P., Zauner J. and Billinghurst M. (2006) The Shared Design Space. Boston, MA, USA: International Conference on Computer Graphics and Interactive Techniques (SIGGRAPH) 2006: Emerging Technologies, 30 Jul-3 Aug 2006. In ACM SIGGRAPH 2006 Emerging Technologies http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1179133.1179164.
  • Hampshire A., Seichter H., Grasset R. and Billinghurst M. (2006) Augmented Reality Authoring: Generic Context from Programmer to Designer. Sydney, Australia: OZCHI 2006, 20-24 Nov 2006. In ACM International Conference Proceeding Series 206: 409-412.
  • Hauber J., Regenbrecht H., Billinghurst M. and Cockburn A. (2006) Spatiality in Videoconferencing: Trade-offs Between Efficiency and Social Presence. Banff, Canada: Computer Supported Cooperative Work Conference (CSCW 2006), 4-8 Nov 2006. In Proceedings of the 2006 20th Anniversary Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work: 413-422.
  • Henrysson A., Billinghurst M. and Ollila M. (2006) AR Tennis. Boston, MA, USA: International Conference on Computer Graphics and Interactive Techniques (SIGGRAPH) 2006: Emerging Technologies, 30 Jul-3 Aug 2006. In ACM SIGGRAPH 2006 Emerging Technologies
  • Irawati S., Green S., Billinghurst M., Duenser A. and Ko H. (2006) "Move the Couch Where?": Developing an Augmented Reality Multimodal Interface. Santa Barbara, CA, USA: 5th IEEE and ACM International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality (ISMAR 06), 22-25 Oct 2006. In Proceedings ISMAR International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality: 183-186. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ISMAR.2006.297812.
  • Irawati S., Green S., Billinghurst M., Duenser A. and Ko H. (2006) An Evaluation of an Augmented Reality Multimodal Interface Using Speech and Paddle Gestures. Hangzhou, China: 16th International Conference on Artificial Reality and Telexistence (ICAT 2006), 29 Nov-2 Dec 2006. In Lecture Notes in Computer Science (LNCS) 4282(Advances in Artificial Reality and Tele-Existence): 272-283. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/11941354_28.
  • Jeon S., Hwang J., Kim G. and Billinghurst M. (2006) Interaction Techniques in Large Display Environments using Hand-held Devices. Limassol, Cyprus: ACM Symposium on Virtual Reality Software and Technology (VRST 2006), 1-3 Nov 2006. In Proceedings of the ACM Symposium on Virtual Reality Software and Technology (VRST 2006): 100-103.
  • Jurgens V., Cockburn A. and Billinghurst M. (2006) Depth Cues for Augmented Reality Stakeout. University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand: CHINZ 2006 - Design Centered HCI, 6-7 Jul 2006. In Proceedings of the 7th International Conference NZ Chapter of the ACM's Special Interest Group on Human-Computer Interaction (SIGCHI-NZ): 117-124.
  • Sodnik J., Tomazic S., Grasset R., Duenser A. and Billinghurst M. (2006) Spatial Sound Localization in an Augmented Reality Environment. Sydney, Australia: OZCHI 2006, 20-24 Nov 2006. In ACM International Conference Proceeding Series 206: 111-118.
  • Wagner D., Billinghurst M. and Schmalstieg D. (2006) How Real Should Virtual Characters Be? Hollywood, CA, USA: ACM SIGCHI International Conference on Advances in Computer Entertainment Technology (ACE '06), 14-16 Jun 2006. In Proceedings of the ACM SIGCHI International Conference on Advances in Computer Entertainment Technology (ACE '06) http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/1178823.1178891.
  • Wagner D., Schmalstieg D. and Billinghurst M. (2006) Handheld AR for Collaborative Edutainment. Hangzhou, China: 16th International Conference on Artificial Reality and Telexistence (ICAT 2006), 29 Nov-2 Dec 2006. In Lecture Notes in Computer Science (LNCS) 4282(Advances in Artificial Reality and Tele-Existence): 85-96. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/11941354_10.
  • Waldner M., Hauber J., Zauner J., Haller M. and Billinghurst M. (2006) Tangible Tiles: Design and Evaluation of a Tangible User Interface in a Collaborative Tabletop Setup. Sydney, Australia: OZCHI 2006, 20-24 Nov 2006. In ACM International Conference Proceeding Series 206: 151-158.
  • Buchmann V., Nilsen T. and Billinghurst M. (2005) Interaction with Partially Transparent Hands and Objects. Newcastle, Australia: 6th Australasian User Interface Conference (AUIC 05), 31 Jan 2005.
  • Bucolo S., Billinghurst M. and Sickinger D. (2005) User Experiences with Mobile Phone Camera Game Interfaces. Christchurch, New Zealand: Fourth International Conference on Mobile and Ubiquitous Multimedia (MUM 2005), 8 Dec 2005.
  • Gough C., Green R. and Billinghurst M. (2005) Better Realising Direct Manipulation. University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand: Image and Vision Computing New Zealand, 28 Nov 2005.
  • Grasset R., Looser J. and Billinghurst M. (2005) A Step Towards a Multimodal AR Interface: A New Handheld Device for 3D Interaction. Vienna, Austria: e International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality (ISMAR 2005), 5 Oct 2005.
  • Grasset R., Looser J. and Billinghurst M. (2005) OSGARToolKit: Tangible + Transitional 3D Collaborative Mixed Reality Framework. Christchurch, New Zealand: 15th International Conference on Artificial Reality and Telexistence (ICAT 2005), 5 Dec 2005.
  • Haller M., Billinghurst M., Leithinger D., Leitner J. and Seifried T. (2005) Coeno - Enhancing face-to-face collaboration. Christchurch, New Zealand: 15th International Conference on Artificial Reality and Telexistence (ICAT 2005), 5 Dec 2005.
  • Haller M., Landerl F. and Billinghurst M. (2005) A Loose and Sketchy Approach in a Mediated Reality Environment. Dunedin, New Zealand: 3rd International Conference on Computer Graphics and Interactive Techniques in Australasia and Southeast Asia, Graphite 2005, 29 Nov 2005.
  • Hauber J., Regenbrecht H., Hills A., Cockburn A. and Billinghurst M. (2005) Social Presence in Two- and Three-Dimensional Videoconferencing. London, UK: Presence 2005: The 8th Annual International Workshop on Presence, 21 Sep 2005. : 189-198.
  • Henrysson A., Billinghurst M. and Ollila M. (2005) Face to Face Collaborative AR on Mobile Phones. Vienna, Austria: Proceedings of the International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality (ISMAR 2005), 5 Oct 2005.
  • Henrysson A., Billinghurst M. and Ollila M. (2005) Virtual Object Manipulation Using a Mobile Phone. Christchurch, New Zealand: 15th International Conference on Artificial Reality and Telexistence (ICAT 2005), 5 Dec 2005.
  • Henrysson A., Ollila M. and Billinghurst M. (2005) Mobile Phone Based AR Scene Assembly. Christchurch, New Zealand: 4th International Conference on Mobile and Ubiquitous Multimedia (MUM 2005), 8 Dec 2005.
  • Lee G., Billinghurst M. and Kim G. (2004) Occlusion based Interaction Methods for Tangible Augmented Reality Environments. Singapore: ACM SIGGRAPH International Conference on Virtual-Reality Continuum and its Applications in Industry (VRCAI), 15 Jun 2004. : 419-426. http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/1044588.1044680.
  • Lee G., Nelles C., Billinghurst M. and Kim G. (2004) Immersive Authoring of Tangible Augmented Reality Applications. Arlington, VA, USA: IEEE and ACM International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality 2004 (ISMAR 2004), 2 Nov 2004. : 172-181. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ISMAR.2004.34.
Conference Contributions - Other
  • Bai H., Lee GA. and Billinghurst M. (2015) An augmented exhibition podium with free-hand gesture interfaces. Kobe, Japan: Symposium on Mobile Graphics and Interactive Applications (SA '15), 2-6 Nov 2015
  • Nassani A., Bai H., Lee G. and Billinghurst M. (2015) Extending HMD by chest-worn 3D camera for AR annotation. Kobe, Japan: SIGGRAPH Asia 2015 Symposium on Mobile Graphics and Interactive Applications, 2-5 Nov 2015
  • Nassani A., Bai H., Lee G. and Billinghurst M. (2015) Tag it!: AR annotation using wearable sensors. Kobe, Japan: SIGGRAPH Asia 2015 Symposium on Mobile Graphics and Interactive Applications, 2-5 Nov 2015
  • Kim S., Lee G., Sakata N. and Billinghurst M. (2014) Improving Co-Presence with Augmented Visual Communication Cues for Sharing Experience through Video Conference. Munich, Germany: 2014 IEEE International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality (ISMAR), 10-12 Sep 2014
  • Piumsomboon T., Altimira D., Kim H., Clark A., Lee G. and Billinghurst M. (2014) Grasp-Shell vs Gesture-Speech: A Comparison of Direct and Indirect Natural Interaction Techniques in Augmented Reality. Munich, Germany: 2014 IEEE International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality (ISMAR), 10-12 Sep 2014
  • Reichherzer C., Nassani A. and Billinghurst M. (2014) Social panoramas using wearable computers. Munich, Germany: 2014 IEEE International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality (ISMAR), 10-12 Sep 2014
  • Tait M. and Billinghurst M. (2014) View independence in remote collaboration using AR. Munich, Germany: 2014 IEEE International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality (ISMAR), 10-12 Sep 2014
  • Kim S., Lee G., Sakata N., Duenser A., Vartiainen E. and Billinghurst M. (2013) Study of Augmented Gesture Communication Cues and View Sharing in Remote Collaboration. Adelaide, Australia: ISMAR2013 - International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality, 1-4 Oct 2013
  • Lee G. and Billinghurst M. (2013) Weighted integral rotation and translation for touch interaction. Hong Kong: 6th ACM SIGGRAPH Conference and Exhibition on Computer Graphics and Interactive Techniques in Asia, 19-22 Nov 2013
  • Piumsomboon T., Clark A. and Billinghurst M. (2013) KITE: Platform for Mobile Augmented Reality Gaming and Interaction using Magnetic Tracking and Depth Sensing. Adelaide, Australia: ISMAR2013 - International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality, 1-4 Oct 2013
  • Abdul Rahim EE., Unsworth K., McKinnon A., Dünser A., Billinghurst M., Gostomski PA. and Morison KR. (2010) Navigation Issues in the Development of a Virtual Chemical Processing Plant. Wellington, New Zealand: New Zealand Computer Science Research Student Conference, 12-15 Apr 2010
  • Block F., Haller M., Gellersen H., Gutwin C. and Billinghurst M. (2008) VoodooSketch: extending interactive surfaces with adaptable interface palettes. Bonn, Germany: 2nd International Conference on Tangible and Embedded Interaction (TEI '08), 18-20 Feb 2008
  • Buchmann V., Billinghurst M. and Cockburn A. (2008) Directional Interfaces for Wearable Augmented Reality. Wellington, New Zealand: 9th Annual ACM SIGCHI-NZ Conference on Human-Computer Interaction (CHINZ 2008), 2-2 Jul 2008
  • Dicke C., Deo S., Billinghurst M., Adams N. and Lehikoinen J. (2008) Experiments in Mobile Spatial Audio-Conferencing: Key-based and Gesture-based interaction. Amsterdam, Netherlands: 10th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction with Mobile Devices and Services (MOBILEHCI 2008), 2-5 Sep 2008
  • Duenser A., Billinghurst M. and Mancero G. (2008) Evaluating Visual Search Performance with a Multi Layer Display. Cairns, Australia: Australaisian Computer-Human Interaction Conference (OZCHI 2008), 8-12 Dec 2008
  • Green SA., Richardson S., Billinghurst M., Chase JG. and Stiles R. (2008) Multimodal Metric Study for Human-Robot Collaboration. Sainte-Luce, Martinique: The First International Conference on Advances in Computer-Human Interaction (ACHI 2008), 10-15 Feb 2008
  • Hagbi N., Bergig O., El-Sana J., Kedem K. and Billinghurst M. (2008) In-Place Augmented Reality. Cambridge, UK: 7th IEEE and ACM International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality (ISMAR 2008), 15-18 Sep 2008
  • Hakkarainen M., Billinghurst M. and Woodward C. (2008) Augmented Assembly using a Mobile Phone. Cambridge, UK: 7th IEEE and ACM International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality (ISMAR 2008), 15-18 Sep 2008
  • Hwang S., Billinghurst M. and Kim W. (2008) Local Descriptor by Zernike Moments for Real-time Keypoint Matching. Sanya, China: 2008 International Congress on Image and Signal Processing (CISP2008), 27-30 May 2008
  • Lee M. and Billinghurst M. (2008) A Wizard of Oz Study for an AR Multimodal Interface. Chania, Greece: 2008 International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces (ICMI 2008), 20-22 Oct 2008
  • Na S., Billinghurst M. and Woo W. (2008) TMAR: Extension of a Tabletop Interface Using Mobile Augmented Reality. Nanjing, China: The 3rd International Conference on E-Learning and Games - Edutainment 2008, 25-27 Jun 2008
  • Obaid M., Han C. and Billinghurst M. (2008) "Feed The Fish": An Affect-Aware Game. Brisbane, Australia: Australasian Conference on Interactive Entertainment 2008, 3-4 Dec 2008
  • Sodnik J., Tomazic S., Dicke C. and Billinghurst M. (2008) Spatial Auditory Interface For An Embedded Communication Device In A Car. Sainte Luce, Martinique: The First International Conference on Advances in Computer-Human Interaction (ACHI 2008), 10-15 Feb 2008
  • Vaidyanathan A., Shore M. and Billinghurst M. (2008) Data in Social Network Analysis. Dunedin, New Zealand: International Conference on Computer Mediated Social Networking (ICCMSN - 2008), 11-13 Jun 2008
  • Billinghurst M. (2007) Architectural Augmented Reality. Sydney, Australia: 12th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design (CAAD Futures'07), 11-13 Jul 2007
  • Grasset R., Dünser A., Billinghurst M. and Seichter H. (2007) The Mixed Reality Book: A New Multimedia Reading Experience. San Jose, CA, USA: Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI 2007), 28 Apr-3 May 2007
  • Hauber J., Regenbrecht H., Billinghurst M. and Teoh H. (2006) Presence in Video-mediated Communication: Does being there help to come together? Banff, Canada: Computer Supported Cooperative Work Conference (CSCW 2006), 4-8 Nov 2006
  • Looser J., Grasset R., Seichter H. and Billinghurst M. (2006) OSGART - A Pragmatic Approach to MR. Santa Barbara, CA, USA: 5th IEEE and ACM International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality (ISMAR 06): Industrial Workshop, 22-25 Oct 2006
  • Grasset R., Lamb P. and Billinghurst M. (2005) Evaluation of Mixed-Space Collaboration. Vienna, Austria: International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality (ISMAR 2005), 5 Oct 2005
  • Haller M., Landerl F. and Billinghurst M. (2005) More Sketchy, More AR, More Fun! Los Angeles, CA, USA: ACM SIGGRAPH 2005, 6 Aug 2005
  • Buchmann V., Violich S., Billinghurst M. and Cockburn A. (2004) FingARtips - Gesture Based Direct Manipulation in Augmented Reality. Singapore: Proceedings of Graphite '04: International Conference on Computer Graphics and Interactive Techniques, 1 Jun 2004
  • Gu X., Gough C. and Billinghurst M. (2004) Parallelism for Performance in AR Applications. Akaroa, New Zealand: Image and Vision Computing ‘04 New Zealand (IVCNZ 2004), 21 Nov 2004
  • Hauber J., Billinghurst M. and Regenbrecht H. (2004) Tangible Teleconferencing. Rotorua, New Zealand: 6th Asia Pacific Conference on Human Computer Interaction (APCHI 2004), 29 Jun 2004
  • Kurata T., Sakata N., Kourogi M., Kuzuoka H. and Billinghurst M. (2004) Remote Collaboration using a Shoulder-Worn Active Camera/Laser. Arlington, VA, USA: IEEE International Symposium on Wearable Computers 2004 (ISWC 2004), 31 Oct 2004
  • Kurata T., Sakata N., Kourogi M., Kuzuoka H. and Billinghurst M. (2004) The Advantages and Limitations of a Wearable Active Camera/Laser in Remote Collaboration. Chicago, IL USA: ACM Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work 2004 (CSCW 2004), 6 Nov 2004
  • Lee G., Kim G. and Billinghurst M. (2004) Directing Virtual Worlds: Authoring and Testing for/within Virtual Reality based Contents. Seoul, Korea: 14th International Conference on Artificial Realty and Telexistence (ICAT 2004), 30 Nov 2004
  • Looser J., Billinghurst M. and Cockburn A. (2004) Through the Looking Glass: The Use of Lenses as an Interface Tool for Augmented Reality. Nanyang Technological University, Singapore: Graphite 2004, 15 Jun 2004
  • Woods E., Billinghurst M., Looser J., Aldridge G., Brown D., Garrie B. and Nelles C. (2004) Augmenting the Science Centre and Museum Experience. Singapore: Graphite 2004, 15 Jun 2004
  • Billinghurst M. (2003) Interaction on the Go. Norrkoping, Sweden: Second International Conference on Mobile and Ubiquitous Multimedia (MUM2003), 10 Dec 2003
  • Woods E., Mason P. and Billinghurst M. (2003) MagicMouse: An Inexpensive 6-Degree-of-Freedom Mouse. Melbourne, Australia: GRAPHITE 2003, 11 Feb 2003
  • Cheok A., Wan F., Yang X., Weihua W., Huang L., Billinghurst M. and Kato H. (2002) Game-City: A Ubiquitous Large Area Multi-Interface Mixed Reality Game Space for Wearable Computers. Seattle, WA, USA: Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium on Wearable Computers (ISWC 2002), 7 Oct 2002
  • Cheok A., Weihua W., Yang X., Prince S., Wan F., Billinghurst M. and Kato H. (2002) Interactive Theatre Experience in Embodied and Wearable Mixed Reality Space. Darmstadt, Germany: Proceedings of the IEEE and ACM International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality (ISMAR 2002), 30 Sep 2002
  • Dunston P., Wang X., Billinghurst M. and Hampson B. (2002) Mixed Reality Benefits for Design Perception. Washington DC, USA: Proceedings of the 19th International Symposium on Automation and Robotics in Construction (ISARC 2002), 23 Sep 2002
  • Gordan G., Billinghurst M., Bell M., Woodfill J., Kowalik B., Erendi A. and Tilander J. (2002) The Use of Dense Stereo Range Data in Augmented Reality. Darmstadt, Germany: Proceedings of the IEEE and ACM International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality (ISMAR 2002), 30 Sep 2002
  • Kiyokawa K., Billinghurst M., Hayes S., Gupta A., Sannohe Y. and Kato H. (2002) Communication Behaviours of Co-Located Users in Collaborative AR Interfaces. Darmstadt, Germany: Proceedings of the IEEE and ACM International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality (ISMAR 2002), 30 Sep 2002
  • Mogilev D., Kiyokawa K., Billinghurst M. and Pair J. (2002) AR Pad: An Interface for Face-to-Face Collaboration. Minneapolis, MN, USA: Proceedings of CHI 2002, 1 Jan 2002
  • Prince S., Cheok A., Farbiz F., Williamson T., Johnson N., Bilinghurst M. and Kato H. (2002) 3D Live Humans in Mixed Reality Entertainment.. Japan: Proceedings of the International Workshop on Entertainment Computing (IWEC 2002), 14 May 2002
  • Prince S., Cheok A., Farbiz F., Williamson T., Johnson N., Billinghurst M. and Kato H. (2002) 3D Live: Real Time Captured Content for Mixed Reality. Darmstadt, Germany: Proceedings of the IEEE and ACM International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality (ISMAR 2002), 30 Sep 2002
  • Prince S., Cheok A., Farbiz F., Williamson T., Johnson N., Billinghurst M. and Kato H. (2002) Real-Time 3D Interaction for Augmented and Virtual Reality.. San Antonio, TX, USA: Proceedings of Siggraph 2002, 21 Jul 2002
  • Weihua W., Yang X., Hui Y., Cheok A., Billinghurst M. and Kato H. (2002) Touch Space: An Embodied Computing Mixed Reality Game Space. Japan: Proceedings of the International Workshop on Entertainment Computing (IWEC 2002), 14 May 2002
  • Billinghurst M. (2001) Crossing the Chasm.. Tokyo, Japan: Proceedings of the International Conference on Augmented Tele-Existence (ICAT 2001), 5 Dec 2001
  • Billinghurst M., Campbell B. and Kiyokawa K. (2001) ARspace. Denver, CO, USA: SCglobal 2001, 10 Nov 2001
  • Billinghurst M., Kato H. and Pair J. (2001) Mobile Mixed Reality Conferencing. Yokohama, Japan: ISMR 2001, 14 Mar 2001
  • Billinghurst M., Kato H. and Poupyrev I. (2001) Collaboration with Tangible Augmented Reality Interfaces. New Orleans, LA, USA: Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction (HCI International 2001), 5 Aug 2001
  • Billinghurst M., Kato H. and Poupyrev I. (2001) MagicBook: Transitioning between Reality and Virtuality. Seattle, WA, USA: Proceedings of CHI 2001, 31 Mar 2001
  • Billinghurst M., Poupyrev I., Tan D., Kato H., Regenbrecht H. and Tetsutani N. (2001) Tiles: A Mixed Reality Authoring Interface.. Yokohama, Japan: Proceedings of INTERACT 2001, 9 Jul 2001
  • Billinhurst M., Kato H. and Poupyrev I. (2001) The MagicBook. Seattle, WA, USA: CHI 2001, 30 Mar 2001
  • Fauver M. and Billinghurst M. (2001) Augmented Groove+; A Tangible AR Instrument. New York, NY, USA: ISAR 2001, 29 Oct 2001
  • Hedley N., Postner L., May R., Bilinghurst M. and Kato H. (2001) Collaborative AR for Geographic Visualization. Yokohama, Japan: Proceedings of the International Symposium on Mixed Reality (ISMR 2001), 14 Mar 2001
  • Kato H., Billinghurst M., Imamoto K. and Tachibana K. (2001) MagicCAD: an AR Scene Builder. New York, NY, USA: ISAR 2001, 1 Jan 2001
  • Kato H., Billinghurst M., Morinaga K. and Tachibana K. (2001) The Effect of Spatial Cues in Augmented Reality Video Conferencing. New Orleans, LA, USA: Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction (HCI International 2001), 5 Aug 2001
  • Kato H., Billinghurst M., Poupyrev I., Tetsutani N. and Tachibana K. (2001) Tangible Augmented Reality for Human Computer Interaction. Nagoya, Japan: Proceedings Nicograph 2001, 25 Oct 2001
  • Mogliev D., Billinghurst M., Kiyokawa K. and Pair J. (2001) The AR Pad. New York, NY, USA: ISAR 2001, 29 Oct 2001
  • Poupyrev I., Berry R., Billinghurst M., Kato H., Nakao K., Baldwin L. and Kurumisawa J. (2001) Augmented Reality Interface for Electronic Music Performance. New Orleans, LA, USA: Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction (HCI International 2001), 5 Aug 2001
  • Regenbrecht H., Baratoff G., Poupyrev I. and Billinghurst M. (2001) Cable-less Interaction Device for AR and VR Environments.. Yokohama, Japan: Proceedings of the International Symposium on Mixed Reality (ISMR 2001), 14 Mar 2001
  • Tan D., Poupyrev I., Billinghurst M., Kato H., Regenbrecht H. and Tetsutani N. (2001) The Best of Two Worlds: Merging Virtual and Real for Face-to-Face Collaboration. Tokyo, Japan: Proceedings of the 2001 IEEE International Conference on Multimedia and Expo (ICME 2001), 22 Aug 2001
  • Billinghurst M. (2000) Back to the Real World. Tokyo, Japan: Proceedings of the Multimedia Virtual Laboratory Symposium (MVL 2000), 9 Mar 2000
  • Billinghurst M. and Poupyrev I. (2000) Shared Space. New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA: VR 2000, 18 Mar 2000
  • Billinghurst M., Campbell S., Kato H. and Poupyrev I. (2000) Magic Book: Exploring Transitions in Collaborative AR Interfaces. New Orleans, LA, USA: ACM SIGGRAPH 2000, 23 Jul 2000
  • Billinghurst M., Kato H. and Poupyrev I. (2000) Shared Space. Monaco: Imagina 2000, 31 Jan 2000
  • Billinghurst M., Poupyrev I., Kato H. and May R. (2000) Mixing Realities in Shard Space: An Augmented Reality Interface for Collaborative Computing. New York, NY, USA: Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Multimedia and Expo (ICME2000), 30 Jul 2000
  • Dunston P., Billinghurst M., Luo Y. and Hampson B. (2000) Virtual Visualization for the Mechanical Trade. National Taiwan University, Taiwan: Proceedings of the 17th International Symposium on Automation and Robotics in Construction (ISARC) - for the International Association for Automation and Robotics in Construction (IAARC), 1 Jan 2000
  • Kato H., Billinghurst M., Poupyrev I., Imamoto K. and Tachibana K. (2000) Virtual Oject Manipulation on a Table-Top AR Environment.. Munich, Germany: Proceedings of the International Symposium on Augmented Reality (ISAR 2000), 1 Jan 2000
  • Poupyrev I., Airola C., Billinghurst M. and Kato H. (2000) Augmented Groove: Collaborative Jamming in Augmented Reality. New Orleans, LA, USA: ACM SIGGRAPH 2000, 23 Jul 2000
  • Poupyrev I., Billinghurst M., Kato H. and May R. (2000) Integrating Real and Virtual Worlds in Shared Space. Oita, Japan: Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium on Artificial Life and Robotics (AROB 5th'00), 26 Jan 2000
Exhibition/Curatorial Exercises
  • Billinghurst M., May R., Oppenheimer P., Schroder K. and Shirvanee L. (2001) Treasures from a Lost Civilization: Ancient Chinese Art from Sichuan Virtual Reality Dig. 10 Apr 2001-12 Aug 2012.
  • Campbell B., Billinghurst M. and Hendrickson D. (2001) Augmented Realities. Boston CyberArts Festival, Boston, USA. 1 Jan 2001.
  • Muller K., Zimmerman C. and Billinghurst M. (2001) Distraction. 30 Jul 2001.
Reports
  • Dünser A., Grasset R. and Billinghurst M. (2008) A Survey of Evaluation Techniques Used in Augmented Reality Studies.Human Interface Technology Laboratory New Zealand. 27.
  • CMS collaboration. (2006) CMS Physics Technical Design Report Volume I: Detector Performance and Software.Commissioned by CMS Collaboration and CERN. http://cmsdoc.cern.ch/cms/cpt/tdr/.
Additional Publications
  • Haller M., Billinghurst M. and Thomas B. (Ed.) (2006) Emerging Technologies of Augmented Reality: Interfaces and Design. Hershey: IGI Publishing. 399pp.