UC SPARK - University of Canterbury - New Zealand

Professor Jennifer Hay

School of Language, Social and Political Sciences; Linguistics; New Zealand Institute of Language, Brain & Behaviour



Phone: +64 3 364 2987 ext. 95518

Office: Locke Building (English) 210

Fields of Research

  • Phonetics
  • Sociolinguistics
  • Laboratory Phonology
  • Sociophonetics
  • New Zealand English
  • Morphology

Researcher Summary

Professor Jen Hay has primary research interests in New Zealand English, sociophonetics, laboratory phonology and morphology. She is Director of the New Zealand Institute of Language, Brain and Behaviour, and is involved in collaborative interdisciplinary projects with a number faculty in the institute.

Subject Area: Disciplines

Research Projects

Research Groups

Research/Scholarly/Creative Works

  • Beckner C., Pierrehumbert J. and Hay JB. (2017) The emergence of linguistic structure in an online iterated learning task. Journal of Language Evolution lzx001 http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jole/lzx001. (Journal Articles)
  • Hay JB., Drager K. and Gibson A. (2017) Hearing r-sandhi: The role of past experience. Language (to appear) (Journal Articles)
  • Racz P., Hay J., Needle J., King J. and Pierrehumbert J. (2017) Gradient Māori phonotactics. Te Reo (in press) (Journal Articles)
  • Rácz P., Hay JB. and Pierrehumbert JB. (2017) Social salience discriminates learnability of contextual cues in an artificial language. Frontiers in Psychology 8(JAN) http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00051. (Journal Articles)
  • Beckner C., Rácz P., Hay J., Brandstetter J. and Bartneck C. (2016) Participants Conform to Humans but Not to Humanoid Robots in an English Past Tense Formation Task. Journal of Language and Social Psychology 35(2): 158-179. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0261927X15584682. (Journal Articles)
  • Clark L., MacGougan H., Hay J. and Walsh L. (2016) "Kia ora. This is my earthquake story". Multiple applications of a sociolinguistic corpus. Ampersand 3: 13-20. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amper.2016.01.001. (Journal Articles)
  • Hay J. and Foulkes P. (2016) The evolution of medial /t/ over real and remembered time. Language 92(2): 298-330. (Journal Articles)
  • Soskuthy M., Hay J., Maclagan M., Drager K. and Foulkes P. (2016) The closing diphthongs in early New Zealand English. In Hickey R (Ed.), Listening to the Past Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (Chapters)
  • Best C., Shaw J., Docherty PD., Evans B., Foulkes P., Hay J., Al-Tamimi J., Mair K., Mulak K. and Wood S. (2015) 'From Newcastle MOUTH to Aussie ears : Australians' perceptual assimilation and adaptation for Newcastle UK vowels'. Dresden, Germany: InterSpeech, 6-10 Sep 2015. (Conference Contributions - Published)
  • Best CT., Shaw JA., Mulak K., Docherty G., Evans B., Foulkes P., Hay J., Al-Tamimi J., Mair K. and Peek M. (2015) Perceiving and adapting to regional accent differences among vowel subsystems. Glasgow, UK: 18th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences (ICPhs 2015), 10-14 Aug 2015. (Conference Contributions - Published)
  • Foulkes P. and Hay JB. (2015) The Emergence of Sociophonetic Structure. In MacWhinney B; O'Grady W (Ed.), The Handbook of Language Emergence: 292-313. Malden: Wiley Blackwell. (Chapters)
  • Rácz P., Pierrehumbert JB., Hay JB. and Papp V. (2015) Morphological Emergence. In MacWhinney B; O'Grady W (Ed.), The Handbook of Language Emergence: 123-146. Malden: Wiley Blackwell. (Chapters)
  • Soskuthy M., Foulkes P., Haddican B., Hay J. and Hughes V. (2015) Word-level distributions and structural factors co-determine GOOSE fronting. Glasgow, UK: 18th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences (ICPhs 2015), 10-14 Aug 2015. (Conference Contributions - Published)
  • Brandstetter J., Rácz P., Beckner C., Sandoval EB., Hay J. and Bartneck C. (2014) A peer pressure experiment: Recreation of the Asch conformity experiment with robots. Chicago: IEEE International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS), 14-18 Sep 2014. In Proceedings of the ... IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems. IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems: 1335-1340. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/IROS.2014.6942730 or http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/6942730/. (Conference Contributions - Published)
  • Derrick D., De Rybel T., O'beirne GA. and Hay J. (2014) Listen with your skin: Aerotak speech perception enhancement system. In Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association, INTERSPEECH: 1484-1485. (Conference Contributions - Published)
  • Derrick D., O'Beirne GA., De Rybel T. and Hay J. (2014) Aero-tactile integration in fricatives: Converting audio to air flow information for speech perception enhancement. In Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association, INTERSPEECH: 2580-2584. (Conference Contributions - Published)
  • Racz P., Papp V. and Hay J. (2014) Frequency and Corpora. In Hippseley A; Stump G (Ed.), The Cambridge Handbook of Morphology Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (Chapters)
  • Saarinen P. and Hay J. (2014) Affix ordering in derivation. In Lieber R; Štekauer P (Ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Derivational Morphology: 370-383. Oxford: Oxford University Press. (Chapters)
  • Wright S., Shaw JA., Best CT., Docherty G., Evans B., Foulkes P., Hay J. and Mulak K. (2014) Improvements to vowel categorization in non-native regional accents resulting from single- versus multiple-talker training: A computational approach. Christchurch, New Zealand: Australasian Speech Science and Technology Association, 3-6 Dec 2014. (Conference Contributions - Published)
  • Walsh L., Hay J., Bent D., Grant L., King J., Millar P., Papp V. and Watson K. (2013) The UC QuakeBox Project: Creation of a community-focused research archive. New Zealand English Journal 27: 20-32. (Journal Articles)
  • Fromont R. and Hay J. (2012) LaBB-CAT: An annotation store. University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand: Australasian Language Technology Workshop (ALTA), 4-6 Dec 2012. In Proceedings 10:: 113-117. http://www.aclweb.org/anthology/U/U12/U12-2015. (Conference Contributions - Published)
  • Hay J. (2012) Analyzing the ONZE data as evidence for sound change. In Nevalainen T; Traugott EC (Ed.), The Oxford Handbook of the History of English: 94-97. Oxford: Oxford University Press. (Chapters)
  • Hay J. and Clendon A. (2012) (Non-)rhoticity: Lessons from New Zealand English. In Nevalainen T; Traugott EC (Ed.), The Oxford Handbook of the History of English: 761-772. Oxford: Oxford University Press. (Chapters)
  • Hay J., Walker A., McKenzie J. and Nielsen D. (2012) The changing realization of 'the' before vowels in New Zealand English. New Zealand English Journal 26: 23-32. (Journal Articles)
  • Warren P. and Hay J. (2012) Methods and experimental design for studying sociophonetic variation. In Cohn AC; Fougeron C; Huffman M (Ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Laboratory Phonology: 634-642. Oxford: Oxford University Press. (Chapters)
  • Clopper C., Hay J. and Plichta B. (2011) Experimental speech perception and perceptual dialectology. In Di Paolo M; Yaeger-Dror M (Ed.), Sociophonetics: A Students' Guide: 149-162. New York: Routledge. (Chapters)
  • Hay J. (2011) A toolbox for teaching phonetics. In Kuiper K (Ed.), Teaching Linguistics: Reflections on Practice: 4-12. London: Equinox. (Chapters)
  • Hay J. (2011) Statistical analysis. In Di Paolo M; Yaeger-Dror M (Ed.), Sociophonetics: A Students' Guide: 198-214. New York: Routledge. (Chapters)
  • Maclagan M. and Hay J. (2011) Transcription. In Di Paolo M; Yaeger-Dror M (Ed.), Sociophonetics: A Student's Guide: 36-45. New York: Routledge. (Chapters)
  • Drager K., Hay J. and Walker A. (2010) Pronounced rivalries: Attitudes and speech production. Te Reo: Journal of the Linguistic Society of New Zealand 53: 27-53. (Journal Articles)
  • Hay J. and Maclagan M. (2010) Social and Phonetic Conditioners on the Frequency and Degree of 'intrusive /r/' in New Zealand English. In Preston D; Niedzielski N (Ed.), A Reader in Sociophonetics: 41-69. New York: De Gruyter Mouton. (Chapters)
  • Maclagan M. and Hay J. (2010) Sociolinguistics in New Zealand. In Ball MJ (Ed.), The Routledge Handbook of Sociolinguistics around the World: 159-169. London and New York: Routledge. (Chapters)
  • Hay J., Drager K. and Warren P. (2009) Careful Who You Talk To: An Effect of Experimenter Identity on the Production of the NEAR/SQUARE Merger in New Zealand English. Australian Journal of Linguistics 29(2): 269-285. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07268600902823128. (Journal Articles)
  • Hay J., Maclagan M. and Gordon E. (2008) New Zealand English. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. 164pp. (Authored Books)
  • Hundt M., Hay J. and Gordon E. (2008) New Zealand English: morphosyntax. In Burridge K; Kortmann B (Ed.), Varieties of English: Volume 3: The Pacific and Australasia: 305-340. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. (Chapters)
  • Gordon E., Maclagan M. and Hay J. (2007) The ONZE Corpus. In Beal JC; Corrigan KP; Moisl HL (Ed.), Creating and Digitizing Language Corpora. Volume 2: Diachronic Databases: 82-104. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. (Chapters)
  • Hay J. (2007) A toolbox for teaching phonetics. Te Reo: Journal of the Linguistic Society of New Zealand 50: 7-16. (Journal Articles)
  • Hay J. (2007) The phonetics of un-affixation. (submitted November 2005, accepted Jan 2006) (Other)
  • Maclagan M. and Hay J. (2007) Getting fed up with our feet: Contrast maintenance and the New Zealand English "short" front vowel shift. Language Variation and Change 19(1): 1-25. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0954394507070020. (Journal Articles)
  • Warren P., Hay J. and Thomas B. (2007) The loci of sound change effects in recognition and perception. In Cole J; Hualde JI (Ed.), Laboratory Phonology 9: 87-112. New York: Mouton de Gruyter. (Chapters)
  • Docherty G., Hay J. and Walker A. (2006) Sociophonetic patterning of phrase-final /t/ in New Zealand English. Auckland, New Zealand: 11th Australasian International Conference on Speech Science and Technology, 6-8 Dec 2006. In Proceedings of the 11th Australasian International Conference on Speech Science and Technology: 378-383. (Conference Contributions - Published)
  • Hay J. and Bresnan J. (2006) Spoken syntax: The phonetics of giving a hand in New Zealand English. Linguistic Review 23(3): 321-349. http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/TLR.2006.013. (Journal Articles)
  • Hay J., Nolan A. and Drager K. (2006) From fush to feesh: Exemplar priming in speech perception. The Linguistic Review 23(3): 351-379. http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/TLR.2006.014. (Journal Articles)
  • Hay J., Warren P. and Drager K. (2006) Factors influencing speech perception in the context of a merger-in-progress. Journal of Phonetics 34(4): 458-484. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wocn.2005.10.001. (Journal Articles)
  • Jannedy S. and Hay J. (Ed.) (2006) Journal of Phonetics, 34 (4). Special Issue: Modelling Sociophonetic Variation. Oxford: Elsevier. 125pp. (Edited Volumes)
  • Warren P. and Hay J. (2006) Using sound change to explore the mental lexicon. In Fletcher-Flinn C; Haberman G (Ed.), Cognition, Language and Development: Perspectives from New Zealand: 101-121. Bowen Hills: Australian Academic Press. (Chapters)
  • Hay J. (2005) When is an /r/ not an /r/? Snorting, snoring and guffawing in New Zealand English. Victoria University of Wellington: Invited Talk, 01 Aug 1998. (Oral Presentations)
  • Hay J. (2005) Morphotactics. In Brown K (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics (2nd ed.): 335-336. Oxford: Elsevier. (Chapters)
  • Nielsen D. and Hay J. (2005) Perceptions of Regional Dialects in New Zealand. Te Reo: Journal of the Linguistic Society of New Zealand 48: 95-110. (Journal Articles)
  • Thomas B. and Hay J. (2005) A pleasant malady: The ellen/allan merger in New Zealand English. Te Reo: Journal of the Linguistic Society of New Zealand 48: 69-93. (Journal Articles)
  • Gordon E., Campbell L., Hay J., Maclagan M., Sudbury A. and Trudgill P. (2004) New Zealand English: Its Origins and Evolution. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 390pp. (Authored Books)
  • Hay J. and Plag I. (2004) What Constrains Possible Suffix Combinations? On the Interaction of Grammatical and Processing Restrictions in Derivational Morphology. Natural Language and Linguistic Theory 22(3): 565-596. (Journal Articles)
  • Hay J. and Schreier D. (2004) Reversing the trajectory of language change: Subject-verb agreement with be in New Zealand English. Language Variation and Change 16(3): 209-235. (Journal Articles)
  • Hundt M., Hay J. and Gordon E. (2004) New Zealand English: Morphosyntax. A Handbook of Varieties of English Volume 2: Morphology and Syntax: 560-592. Berlin and New York: Mouton de Gruyter. (Chapters)
  • Maclagan M. and Hay J. (2004) The rise and rise of New Zealand English DRESS. Sydney, Australia: 10th Australian International Conference on Speech Science & Technology, 8 Dec 2004. In Proceedings of the 10th Australian International Conference on Speech Science & Technology: 183-188. http://www.assta.org/sst/2004/proceedings/papers/sst2004-326.pdf. (Conference Contributions - Published)
  • Maclagan M. and Hay J. (2004) The rise and rise of NZE DRESS. In Cassidy S; Cox F; Mannell R; Palethorpe A (Ed.), Proceedings of the 10th Australian International Conference on Speech Science and Technology: 183-188. Sydney: Australian Speech Science and Technology Association Inc. (Chapters)
  • Attardo S., Eisterhold J., Hay J. and Poggi I. (2003) Multimodal markers of irony and sarcasm. Humor 16(2): 243-260. (Journal Articles)
  • Bod R., Hay J. and Jannedy S. (Ed.) (2003) Probabilistic Linguistics. Cambridge: MIT Press. 451pp. (Edited Volumes)
  • Hay J. (2003) Causes and Consequences of Word Structure. New York and London: Routledge. 237pp. (Authored Books)
  • Hay J. (2003) Male Cheerleaders and Wanton Women: Humour among New Zealand Friends. Te Reo 45: 3-36. (Journal Articles)
  • Hay J. and Baayen H. (2003) Phonotactics, parsing and productivity. Italian Journal of Linguistics 15(1): 99-130. (Journal Articles)
  • Hay J., Pierrehumbert J. and Beckman M. (2003) Speech Perception, Wellformedness and the statistics of the lexicon. In Local J; Ogden R; Temple R (Ed.), Phonetic Interpretation: 58-74. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (Chapters)
  • Mendoza-Denton N., Hay J. and Jannedy S. (2003) Probabilistic Sociolinguistics: Beyond Variable Rules. In Bod R; Hay J; Jannedy S (Ed.), Probabilistic Linguistics: 97-138. Cambridge: MIT Press. (Chapters)
  • Schreier D., Gordon E., Hay J. and Maclagan M. (2003) The regional and linguistic dimension of /hw/ maintenance and loss in early 20th century New Zealand English. English World-Wide 24(2): 245-269. (Journal Articles)
  • Hay J. (2002) Causes and Consequences of Word Structure. Glot International 6(2/3): 58-64. (Journal Articles)
  • Hay J. (2002) From speech perception to morphology: Affix ordering revisited. Language 78(3): 527-555. (Journal Articles)
  • Hay J. and Baayen H. (2002) Parsing and Productivity. In Booij G; van Marle J (Ed.), Yearbook of Morphology 2001: 203-235. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers. (Chapters)
  • Hay J. and Warren P. (2002) Experiments on /r/-intrusion. Wellington Working Papers in Linguistics 14: 47-58. (Journal Articles)
  • Sudbury A. and Hay J. (2002) The demise of non-prevocalic /r/ in early New-Zealand English. Brussels, Belgium: r-atics 2: International Workshop on Sociolinguistic, Phonetic and Phonological Characteristics of /r/, 5 Dec 2002. http://www.ulb.ac.be/philo/phonolab/r-atics2/r-atics2.htm. (Conference Contributions - Published)
  • Wright S. and Hay J. (2002) Fred and Wilma: A Phonological Conspiracy. In Benor S; Rose M; Sharma D; Sweetland J; Zhang Q (Ed.), Gendered Practices in Language: 175-192. Stanford: CSLI Publications. (Chapters)
  • Feist M., Fix S., Hay J. and Moore J. (Ed.) (2001) Proceedings of the 10th Student Conference in Linguistics (SCIL 10). Cambridge: MIT Press. 253pp. (Edited Volumes)
  • Hay J. (2001) Lexical frequency in morphology: Is everything relative? Linguistics 39(376): 1041-1070. (Journal Articles)
  • Hay J. (2001) Lexical Frequency in Morphology: Is Everything Relative? Linguistics 39(6): 1041-1070. (Journal Articles)
  • Hay J. (2001) Morphological Adjacency Constraints: A Synthesis. Proceedings of SCIL 9. MIT Working Papers in Linguistics 36, 23 Jun 2001. (Conference Contributions - Published)
  • Hay J. (2001) The Pragmatics of Humor Support. Humor 14(1): 55-82. (Journal Articles)
  • Hay J. and Thompson W. (2001) The Semantics of Predicates taking As and To Be Complements. Proceedings of SCIL 9. MIT Working Papers in Linguistics 36, 23 Jun 2001. (Conference Contributions - Published)
  • Cheung R., Hay J., Van Der Drift E. and Gao W. (2000) Improvement of contact resistances on plasma-exposed silicon carbide. Solid-State Electronics 44(11): 2081-2083. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0038-1101(00)00155-6. (Journal Articles)
  • Hay J. (2000) Functions of Humor in the Conversations of Men and Women. Journal of Pragmatics 32(6): 709-742. (Journal Articles)
  • Hay J., Kennedy C. and Levin B. (1999) Scalar Structure Underlies Telicity in 'Degree Achievements'. Cornell University, Ithaca, NY: Proceedings of Semantics and Linguistic Theory 9, Cornell Linguistics Circle Publications,, 1 Jan 1999. : 199-223. (Conference Contributions - Published)
  • Holmes J. and Hay J. (1997) Humour as an Ethnic Boundary Marker in New Zealand Interaction. Journal of Intercultural Studies 18(2): 127-151. (Journal Articles)
  • Hay JB. (1996) No Laughing Matter: Gender and Humour Support Strategies. Wellington Working Papers in Linguistics 8 (Journal Articles)
  • Hay JB. (1996) Problems and Paradoxes of Language and Gender Research. Proceedings of the Fourth Berkeley Women and Language Conference: 293-302.Berkeley Women and Language Group. (Chapters)
  • Hay JB. (1995) Only Teasing! New Zealand English Newsletter 9: 32-35. (Journal Articles)
  • Hay JB. (1994) Jocular abuse in mixed-group interaction. Wellington Working Papers in Linguistics 6: 26-55. (Journal Articles)