UC SPARK - University of Canterbury - New Zealand

Associate Professor Una Mary Cunningham

School of Teacher Education

Fields of Research

  • Intergenerational transmission of minority languages
  • Settlers' and sojourners' linguistic and digital practices
  • Technology enhanced language learning and teaching

Researcher Summary

My main area of research is around migration, language, learning and technology in various permutations. I am interested in the application of technology for using, learning and teaching languages and the interplay of linguistic and digital practices of multilingual and transnational families.

I am not currently accepting new doctoral students. For information about my current students and their work, please see the Learning and Teaching Languages Research Lab page

Subject Area: Disciplines

Research Projects

Research/Scholarly/Creative Works

Journal Articles
  • Cunningham U. (2015) Language teachers' need for linguistics. Te Reo 58: 77-94.
  • Cunningham U. (2011) Liminality and disinhibition in online language learning. International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning 12(5): 25-37.
  • Cunningham U. (2011) Liminality and disinhibition in online language learning. International Review of Research on Open and Distance Learning 12(5): 27-39.
  • Cunningham U., Beers Fagersten K. and Holmsten E. (2010) Can you hear me, Hanoi? Compensatory mechanisms employed in synchronous netbased English language learning. International Review of Research on Open and Distance Learning 11(1)
  • Cunningham Una. (2009) Models and targets for English pronunciation in Vietnam and Sweden. Research in Language 7: 113-128.
  • Cunningham Una. (2006) Describing Swedish-accented English. Lund University Working Papers FONETIK 06 52: 29-32.
  • Cunningham-Andersson U. (2003) Temporal indicators of language dominance in bilingual children. Phonum 9: 77-80.
  • Cunningham-Andersson U. (1993) Stigmatized pronunciations in non-native speech. Phonetic Experimental Research (Perilus) 17: 81-106.
  • Cunningham-Andersson U. and Engstrand O. (1989) Perceived strength and identity of foreign accent in Swedish. Phonetica 46(4): 138-154.
  • Cunningham-Andersson U. and Engstrand O. (1988) A data base for cross-linguistic phonetic research. IRIS
  • Cunningham-Andersson U. and Engstrand O. (1988) Attitudes to immigrant Swedish - a literature review and preparatory experiments. Phonetic Experimental Research 8: 103-152.
  • Cunningham-Andersson U. (1987) Durational correlates of post-vocalic voicing in English spoken by English and Spanish speakers. RUUL 17: 87-92.
  • Cunningham-Andersson U. (1986) Approaching the Swedish speaker's model of Swedish spoken by English speakers - a pilot study. RUUL (14): 1-12.
  • Cunningham U. (1983) Aspects of the intonation of Spanish. Nottingham Linguistics Circular, University of Nottingham
Authored Books
  • Cunningham U. (2013) Twenty quick steps to better English for teachers and other busy people. Lund: Studentlitteratur. 123pp.
  • Cunningham-Andersson U. and Andersson S. (2011) Growing up with Two Languages. (3rd ed.). London & New York: Routledge. 195.
  • Cunningham U. and Andersson S. (2000) Science Now. Malmo: Gleerups. 124.
  • Cunningham U. and Krog N. (2000) Den roda planeten. Stockholm: Raben & Sjogren. 162.
  • Cunningham U. and Andersson S. (1999) Teachers, pupils and the Internet. Cheltenham: Stanley Thornes. 266pp.
  • Cunningham U. and Andersson S. (1998) From @ to web. Malmo: Gleerups. 140pp.
  • Cunningham U. and Andersson S. (1997) Laeraren, eleven, Internet. Stockholm: Liber. 266pp.
Chapters
  • King J. and Cunningham U. (2016) Intergenerational transmission of minority languages in New Zealand: methodological issues. In Grucza S; Olpińska-Szkiełko M; Romanowski P (Ed.), Advances in Understanding Multilingualism. A Global Perspective: 61-77. Frankfurt: Peter Lang Verlag.
  • Cunningham U. (2013) Teachability and learnability of English pronunciation features for Vietnamese-speaking learners. In Waniek-Klimczak E; Shockey LR (Ed.), Teaching and Researching English Accents in Native and Non-native Speakers: 3-14. Berlin Heidelberg: Springer Verlag. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-24019-5.
  • Cunningham U. (2013) The role of blogs and forums in the linguistic expectations of pilgrims on the Camino to Santiago. In Alvarez Lopez L; Seiler Brylla C; Shaw P (Ed.), Computer mediated discourse across languages: 137-154. Stockholm: Acta Universitatis Stockholmiensis.
  • Cunningham Una. (2011) Echoes of Irish in the English of southwest Tyrone. In Raymond Hickey (Ed.), Researching the languages of Ireland: 207-221. Uppsala: Uppsala University Press.
  • Beers Fagersten K., Holmsten E. and Cunningham U. (2010) Multimodal communication and meta-modal discourse. In Taiwo R (Ed.), Handbook of Research on Discourse Behavior and Digital Communication: Language Structures and Social Interaction: 145-163. New York: Hershey, PA:IGI Global.
  • Cunningham Una. (2009) Quality, quantity and intelligibility in Vietnamese-accented English. In Ewa Waniek-Klimczak (Ed.), Issues in Accents II: Variability and Norm: 1-18. Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars.
  • Cunningham U. (2008) Acoustic variability in the production of English vowels by Native and non-native speakers. In Waniek-Klimczak E (Ed.), Issues in Accents of English: 1-16. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars.
Conference Contributions - Published
  • Astall C., Abbiss J., Cunningham U., Clarke TH., Davis NE., Fickel LH., Dunn K. and Brown E. (2016) Shifting practice in teacher preparation with a poutama and an ePortfolio: Charting our journey. University of Waikato, Hamilton, New Zealand: There and back: Charting flexible pathways in open, mobile and distance education. DEANZ 2016 Conference Proceedings, 17-20 Apr 2016. In N. Wright (Ed.) DEANZ 2016 Conference Proceedings: 15-20.
  • Ayebi-Arthur K., Dabner N., Tull SPBC., Davis N. and Cunningham U. (2016) Growing resilience with social media and e-learning: The case of the University of Canterbury. Hamilton, New Zealand: DEANZ Conference 2016, 17-20 Apr 2016. In http://flanz.org.nz/flanzorg/wp-content/uploads/2016/06/DEANZ16-Conference-proceedings11-April.pdf: 21-25.
  • Leier V. and Cunningham UM. (2016) "just facebook me" A study on the integration of Facebook into a German language curriculum. Limassol, Cyprus: EuroCALL conference, 24-27 Aug 2016.
  • Cunningham U. (2014) Language teacher education in a digital world. Christchurch, New Zealand: Society of Information Technology in Teacher Education International Symposium 2014 (SITE), 28-29 Apr 2014. In Proceedings: 41-45.
  • Cunningham Una. (2010) Mobile podcasting as a tool for learning English pronunciation in Vietnam. Porto, Portugal: IADIS International Conference Mobile Learning, 19-21 Mar 2010.
  • Cunningham Una. (2004) Language Dominance in Early and Late Bilinguals. Sodertorn, Sweden: ASLA, 11 Nov 2004.
  • Cunningham-Andersson U. (1995) Native and non-native perception of dialectal variation in Swedish. Stockholm, Sweden: X111th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, 13 Aug 1995. In Proceedings of the X111th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences 1: 278-281.
  • Cunningham-Andersson U. and Engstrand O. (1994) Data collection for a sociodialectal study. Stockholm, Sweden: Non-standard varieties of language, 11 Apr 1991. In Papers from the Stockholm symposium: 11-23.
  • Cunningham-Andersson U. (1993) Socially-conditioned variation of sje. FONETIK-93, 12-14 May 1993. In Papers from FONETIK-93
  • Cunningham-Andersson U. (1991) Foreign accent and the native speaker. Aix-en-Provence, France: The XIIth International Congress of the Phonetic Sciences, 19 Aug 1991. In Proceedings of ICPHS 2: 190-193.
  • Cunningham-Andersson U. and Engstrand O. (1991) Sociolectal sensitivity in native, non-native and non-speakers of Swedish - a pilot study. FONETIK 91, 29-31 May 1991. In Phonetic Experimental Research 12: 69-75.
  • Cunningham-Andersson U. and Engstrand O. (1990) Native speaker reactions to non-native speech. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Amsterdam Symposium on the Acquisition of Second Language Speech, 9 Apr 1990. In New Sounds 90: 1-13.
  • Cunningham-Andersson U. and Engstrand O. (1989) On the nature of foreign accents. Budapest, Hungary: Proceedings from Speech, 1 Jun 1989.
  • Cunningham-Andersson U. and Engstrand O. (1988) Which foreign accents can Swedes identify? Second Swedish Phonetics Conference, 5-6 May 1988.
Oral Presentations
  • Cunningham U. (2015) Digital tools to teach ESOL. Canterbury Secondary ESOL Cluster, Christchurch, New Zealand.
  • Cunningham U. (2015) Minority languages. CANTESOL, Christchurch, New Zealand.
  • Cunningham U. (2015) PD opportunities for language teachers. LangSem.
  • Cunningham U. (2014) Language Learning and Liminality. University of Canterbury.
  • Cunningham Una. (2014) Digital tools to teach ESOL. NATESOL, Nelson.
  • Kim J., Cunningham U. and King J. (2014) Pass it on! Encouraging intergenerational language transmission. NZILBB, University of Canterbury.
  • Cunningham U. (2013) The Digital English Teacher. CPIT, Christchurch.
  • Cunningham Una. (2013) Digital Language Teacher. University of Canterbury Prestige lecture, N.Z..
  • Cunningham Una. (2013) External reviewer for languages and learning. Riccarton High School.
  • Cunningham Una. (2013) IT and ESOL. CANTESOL.
  • Cunningham Una. (2013) The digital English teacher. TESOLANZ.
  • Cunningham UM. (2008) “Vowel quality and quantity in native and non-native accents of English”... Deptartment of English, University of Stockholm, Sweden: Guest research seminar.
  • Cunningham UM. (2006) ”Uttal i engelska klassen” (Pronunciation in English-medium classes). Dalarna University, Falun, Sweden.
  • Cunningham UM. (2005) “See your own voice”. Research methods demonstration. Dalarna University, Falun, Sweden: European Research Day.
  • Cunningham UM. (2005) Does English-medium schooling affect the Swedish spoken by Swedish students? Dalarna University, Falun, Sweden: Research Day.
  • Cunningham UM. (2004) The phonetics of dominance in bilingual children. Dalarna University, Falun, Sweden: Research Day.
Conference Contributions - Other
  • Cunningham UM. (2017) Politeness, embarrassment and shame: Factors inhibiting intergenerational transmission of minority languages. University of Melbourne: Language practices and language policies in multilingual contexts., 6-7 Apr 2017
  • Ayebi-Arthur K., Dabner N., Tull S., Davis N. and Cunningham U. (2016) Growing resilience with social media and e-learning: The case of the University of Canterbury. University of Waikato, Hamilton, New Zealand: DEANZ2016, 17-20 Apr 2016
  • Cunningham UM. (2016) Supporting children growing up with two languages in Christchurch. Christchurch, New Zealand: The acquisition and maintenance of heritage and community languages in multilingual Christchurch: from strategy to action, 19 Apr 2016
  • Cunningham UM. and King J. (2016) Myth-busting in the face of rumours, misinformation and propaganda: Empowering parents and carers with research-informed information on raising children bilingually in New Zealand. Melbourne: Applied Linguistics Association of Australia (ALAA) annual conference, 5-7 Dec 2016
  • Kim J., Cunningham U. and King J. (2016) English in Korean migrant families in Christchurch. Christchurch, New Zealand: New Zealand English and English in New Zealand, 8-9 Jun 2016
  • Kim J., Cunningham U. and King J. (2016) The role of the Korean community in Korean language transmission amongst second generation Koreans in Christchurch. Christchurch: Second UC Intergenerational transmission of minority languages Symposium: Community matters, 12-12 Dec 2016
  • King J. and Cunningham U. (2016) Parent workshops: Supporting language communities. Christchurch, New Zealand: Second UC Intergenerational transmission of minority languages Symposium: Community matters, 12-12 Dec 2016
  • King J. and Cunningham U. (2016) Young bilinguals in Christchurch, New Zealand. Berlin, Germany: Social and affective factors in Home Language Maintenance and Development (HOLM), 12-13 Feb 2016
  • Le TV., Cunningham U. and Watson KD. (2016) Online course to improve communicative skills for high school students. Qui Nhon, Vietnam: 7th Annual International Conference on TESOL: Innovations in English Teaching and Learning, 11-13 Aug 2016
  • Le VT., Cunningham U. and Watson KD. (2016) Students' practices and beliefs about technology. Ho Chi Minh, Vietnam: 2nd International TESOL Conference: Promoting Effective Change in the Language Classroom, 27-28 Aug 2016
  • Cunningham U. and King J. (2015) Factors affecting parental decisions on passing a heritage language to NZ-born children. Auckland, New Zealand: 4th International Conference on Language, Education and Diversity (LED 2015), 23-26 Nov 2015
  • Kim J., Cunningham U. and King J. (2015) Teenage bilinguals in Christchurch: Intergenerational transmission of minority languages in New Zealand. University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand: Language Acquisition Showcase, 19-19 Mar 2015
  • King J. and Cunningham U. (2015) The Intergenerational Transmission of Minority Languages Project. Christchurch, New Zealand: Intergenerational Transmission of Minority Languages Symposium, 11-11 Dec 2015
  • Cunningham U. (2014) Educating the digital language teacher. Brisbane, Australia: 2014 International Association for Applied Linguistics Conference (AILA), 10-15 Aug 2014
  • Cunningham U. (2014) Flipping the language classroom. Brisbane, Australia: 2014 International Association for Applied Linguistics Conference (AILA), 10-15 Aug 2014
  • Cunningham U. (2014) How to flip the language classroom. University of Cantebury, Christchurch, New Zealand: Learning and Teaching Languages Symposium, 22-22 Oct 2014
  • Cunningham U. (2014) Language pedagogy and non-transience in the flipped classroom. Sydney, Australia: Human Sciences Perspectives Workshop in Language Teaching & Technology, 9-9 Oct 2014
  • Cunningham U. (2014) Teaching the disembodied: othering and activity systems in a blended synchronous learning situation. Christchurch, New Zealand: Distance Education Association of New Zealand Conference 2014 (DEANZ), 30 Apr-2 May 2014
  • Cunningham U. and Greenwood J. (2014) Old dogs, new tricks. University of Cantebury, Christchurch, New Zealand: Learning and Teaching Languages Symposium, 22-22 Oct 2014
  • Cunningham U. and King J. (2014) A monolingual future? Intergenerational transmission of minority languages in New Zealand. Hamilton, New Zealand: 2014 Language and Society Conference, 24-25 Nov 2014
  • Nilsson T. and Cunningham U. (2014) Beyond the Flipped Classroom. London, UK: BETT Conference, 22-25 Jan 2014
  • Cunningham U. (2013) Flipping the language classroom. Wellington, New Zealand: ALANZ/ALAA Conference, 27-29 Nov 2013
  • Cunningham U. (2013) How much linguistics do language teachers need? Christchurch, New Zealand: Linguistics Society of New Zealand 20th Biennial Conference, 20-22 Nov 2013
  • Cunningham U. (2013) Teaching the disembodied. Sydney, Australia: 30th Ascilite (2013): Electric Dreams, 1-4 Dec 2013
  • Cunningham Una. (2009) Phonetic Correlates of Unintelligibility in Vietnamese-accented English. Stockholm, Sweden: FONETIK 09, 10-12 Jun 2009
  • Cunningham Una. (2009) Using African English in an International Academic Setting. Botswana: Mapping Africa in the English-speaking World, 2-4 Jun 2009
  • Cunningham Una. (2008) Models and Targets for English Pronunciation in Vietnam. Hanoi, Vietnam: Rethinking English Language Education for Today's Vietnam, 14-15 Nov 2008
  • Cunningham Una. (2008) Models and targets for the pronunciation of English in Sweden. Poland: ACCENT 2008, 12-14 Dec 2008
  • Cunningham Una. (2008) Quality, quantity and intelligibility of vowels in Vietnamese-accented English. Poland: ACCENT 2008, 12-14 Dec 2008
  • Cunningham Una. (2008) Vowel duration in a rural variety of Northern Irish English. Dalarna University, Sweden: Urban and Rural Landscapes: Language, Literature, and Culture in Modern Ireland, 6-7 Nov 2008
  • Cunningham Una. (2008) Vowels in rural southwest Tyrone. Goteborg, Sweden: FONETIK 2008, 11-13 Jun 2008
  • Cunningham Una. (2007) Acoustic variability in the production of English vowels by native and non-native speakers. Lodz, Poland: ACCENT 2007, 3-7 Dec 2007
  • Cunningham Una. (2006) Describing Swedish-accented English. Lund University, Sweden: FONETIK 06, 1-1 Jun 2006
  • Cunningham Una. (2005) Linguistic and cultural consequences of the position of English in Sweden. Pomor State University, Arkhangelsk, Russia: Heritage Island in the Ocean of Cultures, 8 Sep 2005
  • Cunningham Una. (2005) Phonological dominance in a bilingual class-setting. Barcelona, Spain: International Symposium on Bilingualism, 20 Mar 2005
  • Cunningham Una. (2005) The Role of Memory in Political Discourse in Northern Ireland. Gothenburg, Sweden: European Federation of Associations and Centres for Irish Studies, 8 Dec 2005
  • Cunningham Una. (2004) Response to Peter Siemund's paper "Independent Developments in the Genesis of Irish English. Potsdam, Germany: Celtic Englishes IV, 22 Sep 2004
  • Cunningham-Andersson U. (2003) Temporal indicators of language dominance in bilingual children. Umea University, Sweden: FONETIK 2003, 1 Jun 2003
Additional Publications
  • Cunningham U. (1986) A linguistic theory of timing. Nottingham, U.K.. University of Nottingham, U.K..