Jo Fletcher

School of Teacher Education

Fields of Research

  • Motivating and supporting reading of young adolescent students
  • Literacy acquisition
  • Educational leadership in reading
  • Educational leadership during and after natural disasters
  • Supporting reading of Pasifika students in New Zealand schools
  • Supporting basic skills adult literacy learners
  • Adult literacy
  • Understanding the perceptions of students and parents in learning mathematics

Researcher Summary

Jo has been actively researching in several areas. Recently, she has led a multisite case study qualitative research project in a wide range of primary and intermediate schools. The investigation explored the views of principals, teachers, parents and students on supporting reading, mathematics and how elearning can be used to motivate learning. This case study investigation also explored the participants’ experiences during and after the Christchurch earthquakes.
Her PhD addressed better understandings of the wider systemic factors that support 11- to 13-year-old students in reading. Jo’s doctoral studies have resulted in numerous international publications and conference presentations. Her doctoral study was part of a Cognition Education Research Trust funded project investigating ‘Reading programmes in Year 7-8 primary classes that support effective literacy practices: What is happening and where to next?’
Jo was the principal co-investigator with Professor Niki Davis in a research project funded by the MOE to investigate ‘E-learning, mixed mode and distance learning for adult literacy, language and numeracy’. This research has led to international work in the area of adult literacy for speakers of English as a second language and exploring how e-learning can support English literacy acquisition.
Her earlier research focused on Pasifika students’ literacy achievement where she took a lead role as part of a research team, working with the guidance of matai.

Subject Area: Disciplines

Research Projects

Research Groups

Future Research

  • Reading: motivating struggling readers.
  • The wider systemic factors that influence learning to read
  • E-learning and adult literacy

Key Methodologies

  • Case study research
  • Sociocultural theories

Affiliations

Prizes and Awards

  • Paper for the United Kingdom Literacy Association 50th international conference was shortlisted for UKLA/Wiley-Blackwell Research in Literacy Education Award 2014. (2014)
  • Recipient of the New Zealand Association of Research in Education, Pasifika Group Award (2006)

Research Service

  • Senior Supervisor: Paul Snape (Doctoral Student) (2015-present)
  • Co-supervisor for PhD student Erik du Toit (2014-present)
  • Senior Supervisor: Angela Bland (Doctoral Student) (2014-present)
  • Senior Supervisor: Tufulasi Taleni (Masters Student) (2014-present)
  • Co-supervisor for PhD student Pawadee Srisang (2013-present)
  • Senior Supervisor: Anna Morgan (Masters thesis, completed) (2013-2015)
  • Associate Supervisor: Sue Salfati (Masters thesis completed) (2012-2014)
  • Co-supervisor for PhD student Janice Belgrave (2012-present)
  • Senior Supervisor: Aleisha Klomp (Masters thesis, completed) (2011)
  • Co-supervisor for Jan Bell (Masters thesis, completed) (2007-2008)
  • Senior Supervisor: Christine Harris (Masters thesis, completed) (2007-2009)
  • Senior Supervisor: Heather Perano (Masters thesis, completed) (2006-2008)
  • Senior Supervisor: Anne-Marie Hunt (Masters thesis, completed) (2001-2006)

Research/Scholarly/Creative Works

Journal Articles
  • Nicholas, K. and Fletcher, J. (2016) Early adolescents' views on engagement and achievement in mathematical learning. Journal of Research in Childhood Education (in press)
  • Fletcher, J. and Nicholas, K. (2016) Reading for 11 to 13 year old students in the digital age: New Zealand case studies. Education 3-13: International Journal of Primary, Elementary and Early Years Education (in press) http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03004279.2016.1170064.
  • Fletcher, J. (2016) What can we do to support reading for young adolescent students? Education 3 - 13: International Journal of Primary, Elementary and Early Years Education (early access online) http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03004279.2015.1078832.
  • Nicholas, K. and Fletcher, J. (2016) What supports 11 to 13 year old Pasifika students in mathematics learning in New Zealand classrooms? Education 3-13: International Journal of Primary, Elementary and Early Years Education (Early access online) http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03004279.2015.1048269.
  • Fletcher, J., Grimley, M., Greenwood, J. and Parkhill, F. (2013) Raising reading achievement in an 'at risk', low socioeconomic, multicultural intermediate school. Journal of Research in Reading 36(2): 149-171. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9817.2011.01497.x.
  • Nicholas, K., Fletcher, J. and Davis, N. (2013) Using e-learning and digital technologies to overcome barriers for second-chance adult literacy learning. Journal of Teaching and Education 2(4): 313-321.
  • Fletcher, J., Grimley, M., Greenwood, J. and Parkhill, F. (2012) Motivating and improving attitudes to reading in the final years of primary schooling in five New Zealand schools. Literacy 46(1): 3-16. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1741-4369.2011.00589.x.
  • Fletcher, J., Greenwood, J., Grimley, M. and Parkhill, F. (2012) What are the school-wide strategies that support sustained, regular effective instructional reading programmes for 10 to 13 year old students? A New Zealand experience. Teachers and Teaching: Theory and Practice 18(4): 399-416. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13540602.2012.696043.
  • Fletcher, J., Greenwood, J., Grimley, M., Parkhill, F. and Davis, N. (2012) What is happening when teachers of 11-13-year-old students take guided reading: A New Zealand snapshot. Educational Review 64(4): 425-449. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00131911.2011.625112.
  • Fletcher, J., Greenwood, J., Grimley, M. and Parkhill, F. (2011) Raising literacy achievement in reading: how principals of 10- to 12-year-old students are making this happen. International Journal of Leadership in Education 14(1): 61-83. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13603124.2010.496873.
  • Fletcher, J. (2011) Supporting adult English language learners using a web based programme. Journal of Adult Learning Aotearoa New Zealand 39(1): 14-25.
  • Fletcher, J., Parkhill, F. and Harris, C. (2011) Supporting young adolescent students from minority cultural groups who are underachieving in learning. Support for Learning: British Journal of Learning Support 26(3): 122-126. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9604.2011.01490.x.
  • Nicholas, K., Fletcher, J. and Somekh, B. (2011) The role of fathers in supporting their children's reading development. Journal of Reading, Writing and Literacy 5(2): 1-21.
  • Fletcher, J., Greenwood, J. and Parkhill, F. (2010) Are schools meeting their clients' expectations? Parents voice their perceptions about children learning to read in schools today. Teaching and Teacher Education 26(3): 438-446. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tate.2009.05.011.
  • Phillips, J. and Fletcher, J. (2010) Reading Recovery: What Happens a Few Years on? A Literature Review. Reading Forum New Zealand 25(3): 11-15.
  • Fletcher, J., Parkhill, F., Fa'afoi, A., Taleni, L.T. and O'Regan, B. (2009) Pasifika students: teachers and parents voice their perceptions of what provides supports and barriers to Pasifika students' achievement in literacy and learning. Teaching and Teacher Education 25(1): 24-33. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tate.2008.06.002.
  • Fletcher, J., Bridges, S., Greenwood, J., Grimley, M. and Parkhill, F. (2009) What supports reading achievement? What doesn't? 10 to 12 year old students in New Zealand in five schools voice their views. The Journal of Reading, Writing and Literacy 4(3): 56-86.
  • Parkhill, F. and Fletcher, J. (2008) Asian students in New Zealand classrooms: Their perceptions of supports and barriers to reading achievement. set: Research Information for Teachers 2008(2): 39-42.
  • Fletcher, J.F., Parkhill, F.F., Fa'afoi, A. and Taleni, L.T. (2008) Influences on Pasifika students' achievement in literacy. Set: Research Information for Teachers 1: 4-9.
  • Brooks, D. and Fletcher, J. (2008) Integrated use of ICT in primary schools: A case study of a high decile school. Set: Research Information for Teachers 1: 35-39.
  • Fletcher, J. and Williams, J. (2008) Motivating adult learners to improve their literacy skills: Barriers and supports. New Zealand Journal of Adult Learning 36(2): 20-39.
  • Parkhill, F., Fletcher, J., Greenwood, J., Grimley, M. and Bridges, S. (2008) Reading programmes in Year 7 -8 primary classes that support effective literacy practices: What is happening and where to next? Education-line: British Education Index Online: 22pp.
  • Taleni, L.T., Parkhill, F., Fa'afoi, A. and Fletcher, J. (2007) Pasifika Students: What Supports them to Become Better Readers? Pacific-Asian Education 19(2): 64-82.
  • Fletcher, J. and Parkhill, F. (2007) What supports reading achievement? What doesn't? The views of Asian students. The Journal of Reading, Writing and Literacy 2(3): 105-137.
  • Fletcher, J., Parkhill, F., Fa'afoi, A. and Taleni, L.T. (2006) Pasifika Students' Perceptions of Barriers and Support to Reading and Writing Achievement in New Zealand Schools. New Zealand Journal of Educational Studies 41(2): 163-182.
  • Parkhill, F., Fletcher, J. and Fa'afoi, A. (2006) What Makes for Success? Current Literacy Practices and the Impact of Family and Community on Pasifika Children's Literacy Learning. New Zealand Journal of Educational Studies 40(1/2): 61-84.
  • Fletcher, J. and Brooks, D. (2006) What makes for successful integrated use of ICT in a low-decile primary school? Set: Research Information for Teachers 1: 9-14.
  • Parkhill, F., Fletcher, J. and Fa'afoi, A. (2005) Factors influencing Pasifika children’s achievement in literacy. Reading Forum New Zealand 20(3): 5-13.
  • Fletcher, J., Parkhill, F. and Fa'afoi, A. (2005) What factors promote and support Pasifika children in their reading and writing? Set 2: 2-8.
  • Fa'afoi, A., Fletcher, J.F. and Parkhill, F.F. (2004) Learning to read. Spasifik 5(66)
  • Fa'afoi, A. and Fletcher, J.F. (2002) Na hakahita ki tagata Pahefika I te akoga haka haiakoga: Identifying barriers for Pacific Island student teachers. Many Voices 19: 24-31.
  • Fletcher, J. and Fa'afoi, A. (2001) How can we support Pacific Island students in teacher education? Christchurch College of Education Journal of Educational Research 6(1): 61-78.
Theses - Doctor of Philosophy
  • Fletcher, J. (2012) The wider systematic conditions that support reading for 11 to 13 year-old students. PhD, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand. http://hdl.handle.net/10092/6636.
Chapters in Books
  • Fletcher, J. and Nicholas, K. (2016) Teachers' Lived Realities during and after a Natural Disaster: An Earthquake Case Study (in press). In TBC (Ed.), Natural Disasters: Risk Assessment, Management Strategies and Challenges: 1-15. New York: Nova Science Publishers.
  • Nicholas, K. and Fletcher, J. (2016) The effects major earthquakes have on young adolescent children from the perspective of their parents and other stakeholders. In TBC (Ed.), Earthquakes, Natural Disasters: Risk Assessment, Management Strategies and Challenges: In press. New York: Nova publication.
  • Nicholas, K., Fletcher, J. and Parkhill, F. (2012) Immigrant students: Barriers and facilitators to understanding in a new socio-linguistic setting. In A.S. Yeung, E.L. Brown and C. Lee (Ed.), Communication and Language Surmounting Barriers to Cross-Cultural Understanding: 253-271. Charlotte: Information Age Publishing Inc.
  • Parkhill, F. and Fletcher, J. (2010) Asian student voices: Approaches in reading that motivate or provoke dissonance in their journey towards being successful readers of English. In J. Fletcher, F. Parkhill and G. Gillon (Ed.), Motivating Literacy Learners in Today's World: 111-120. Wellington: NZCER Press.
  • Fletcher, J., Parkhill, F., Fa'afoi, A. and Taleni, T. (2010) Motivating Pasifika students in literacy learning. In J. Fletcher, F. Parkhill and G. Gillon (Ed.), Motivating Literacy Learners in Today's World: 99-110. Wellington: NZCER.
  • Greenwood, J., Fletcher, J., Parkhill, F., Bridges, S. and Grimley, M. (2009) What happens to reading progress in New Zealand Year 7-8 classes? The plateau, literacy leadership and the remaining tail. In M. Sinclair (Ed.), A Journey of Discovery: Facilitating the Initiation and Application of Schooling Research: 43-58. Auckland: Cognition Institute.
  • Fa'afoi, A., Parkhill, F. and Fletcher, J. (2006) Strengthening Pasifika and palagi research collaboration in the Aotearoa research context. In C. Mutch (Ed.), Challenging the Notion of "Other": Reframing Research in the Aotearoa New Zealand Context: 99-118. Wellington: NZCER Press.
Conference Contribution - Other - Full conference papers
  • Fletcher, J. and Parkhill, F. (2012) Supporting Culturally Diverse 11 to 13 Year-old Readers. Honolulu, US: 2012 Hawaii International Conference on Social Sciences, May 30th - June 2nd.
  • Davis, N. and Fletcher, J. (2010) E-learning and motivating adults with literacy needs to improve their literacy. University of Warwick, Coventry, UK: BERA Annual Conference 2010, 1-4 Sep 2010.
  • Fletcher, J., Greenwood, J., Grimley, M. and Parkhill, F. (2010) Improving Reading Comprehension: What Works for 10- to 12-year-old Students? Coventry, UK: British Educational Research Association (BERA) Annual Conference 2010, 1-4 Sep 2010.
  • Greenwood, J., Parkhill, F. and Fletcher, J. (2010) What is Happening in the Teaching of Reading for the Students in the Final Years of their Primary Schooling? Auckland, New Zealand: 23rd World Congress on Reading, 12-15 Jul 2010.
  • Fletcher, J., Greenwood, J. and Parkhill, F. (2009) Leading schools in raising reading achievement: A case study of principals making a difference. University of Manchester, Manchester, UK: British Educational Research Association (BERA) Annual Conference, 2-5 Sep 2009.
  • Fletcher, J., Greenwood, J. and Parkhill, F. (2009) What do parents have to say about their children's schooling: Are we teaching reading effectively? University of Manchester, Manchester, UK: British Educational Research Association (BERA) Annual Conference, 2-5 Sep 2009.
  • Greenwood, J., Fletcher, J.F., Parkhill, F.F., Grimley, M. and Bridges, S. (2008) Reading programmes in Year 7-8 primary classes that support effective literacy practices: What is happening and where to next? Edinburgh, UK: British Education Research Association (BERA) Annual Conference, 3-6 Sep 2008.
  • Fletcher, J., Parkhill, F., Greenwood, J., Grimley, M. and Bridges, S. (2008) So we have taught them to read. Is it enough? Gothenburg, Sweden: ECER 2008 Gothenburg: The European Conference on Educational Research, 8-12 Sep 2008.
  • Fletcher, J. and Parkhill, F. (2007) Pasifika Students Voice Their Classroom Realities on What Supports or Hinders Their Literacy Learning. Honolulu, HI, USA: 31st Annual Conference of the Pacific Circle Consortium, 25-29 Jun 2007.
  • Parkhill, F.F. and Fletcher, J.F. (2007) What are the effective literacy practices in New Zealand primary classrooms as perceived by Year 7-8 Asian students who are successful at reading in English? New Plymouth, New Zealand: New Zealand Reading Association (NZRA) Conference, 23-26 Sep 2007.
  • Fletcher, J. and Parkhill, F. (2007) Year 7-8 Asian student's perceptions of supports and barriers to becoming successfully readers in English? University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand: 2007 New Zealand Association for Educational Research (NZARE) Conference: Education in the Pacific, 4-7 Dec 2007.
  • Parkhill, F. and Fletcher, J. (2006) Influences on Pasifika students’ achievement in literacy. Fremantle, Australia: Australian Teacher Education Association (ATEA) Conference 2006, 5-8 Jul 2006.
Conference Contribution - Other - Abstracts
  • Belgrave, J., Everatt, J. and Fletcher, J. (2014) Meta-awareness of dialect difference: impacts on early literacy interventions. London, UK: British Education Research Association Conference (BERA), 23-25 Sep 2014.
  • Nicholas, K., Fletcher, J. and Davis, N. (2013) Using e-learning and digital technologies to overcome barriers to second-chance adult literacy learners. Aix-en-Provence, France: The International Journal of Arts and Sciences Conference (IJAS), 14-17 May 2013.
  • Nicholas, K., Davis, N. and Fletcher, J. (2010) Raising numeracy and literacy levels for adult learners with e-learning: What do the stakeholders have to say? Christchurch, New Zealand: Ulearn 10, 6-8 Oct 2010. In Proceedings of Ulearn 10 - Research Stream 49-55.
  • Fa'afoi, A., Parkhill, F. and Fletcher, J. (2010) What Do the Teachers and Parents of Pasifika Students Perceive Supports Literacy Learning? Auckland, New Zealand: 23rd World Congress on Reading, 12-15 Jul 2010.
  • Greenwood, J., Parkhill, F. and Fletcher, J. (2010) What is Happening in the Teaching of Reading for the Students in the Final Years of Their Primary Schooling? Auckland, New Zealand: 23rd World Congress on Reading, 12-15 Jul 2010.
  • Fletcher, J. (2009) Student voices: What students (and other related stakeholders) have to say about learning and developing reading literacy. University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand: New Zealand Collaboration Action Research Network (NZCARN) Inaugural Research Symposium, 28-29 May 2009.
  • Fletcher, J., Greenwood, J. and Parkhill, F. (2009) Students' voices: What do they have to say about reading? Canberra, Australia: 2009 Australian Association for Research in Education (AARE) International Education Research Conference, 29 Nov-3 Dec 2009.
  • Davis, N. and Fletcher, J. (2009) The co-evolution of e-learning and adult literacy and numeracy: A nested case study of a polytechnic. University of Manchester, Manchester, UK: British Educational Research Association (BERA) Annual Conference, 2-5 Sep 2009.
Conference Contribution - Other - Oral presentations
  • Fletcher, J. and Nicholas, K. (2015) What do young adolescents and parents perceive supports reading? Nottingham, UK: UKLA 51st International Conference, 10-12 Jul 2015. Access via UC Research Repository.
  • Fletcher, J., Nicholas, K. and Davis, N. (2014) Case studies of the wider influences on the engagement of young adolescent students in reading: Post-earthquakes experiences. Brighton, UK: 50th International Conference of United Kingdom Literacy Association (UKLA), 4-6 Jul 2014.
  • Fletcher, J., Greenwood, J. and Parkhill, F. (2011) A case study of a low socio-economic, multicultural intermediate school improving reading achievement. Institute of Education, London, UK: British Educational Research Association (BERA) Annual Conference 2011, 6-8 Sep 2011.
  • Nicholas, K., Fletcher, J. and Parkhill. F. (2011) Supporting 11 to 13 year old students' reading: Perceptions of the parents. Hobart, Australia: Australian Association for Research in Education Annual Conference (AARE), 27 Nov-1 Dec 2011.
  • Nicholas, K. and Fletcher, J. (2011) What role does a father play in influencing a child's reading ability? Institute of Education, London, UK: British Educational Research Association Annual Conference 2011 (BERA), 6-8 Sep 2011.
  • Nicholas, K. and Fletcher, J. (2011) What works in supporting lifelong learners in literacy and numeracy? Hobart, Australia: Australian Association for Research in Education Annual Conference (AARE), 27 Nov-1 Dec 2011.
  • Davis, N., Fletcher, J., Harcourt, E. and Earle, D. (2009) Towards excellence in e-learning for adults with needs in literacy language, and numeracy. Palmerston North, New Zealand: Teaching & Learning Conference meets eFest, 30 Sep-2 Oct 2009.
  • Fletcher, J. and Parkhill, F. (2008) Asian students voice their perception of barriers and supports to reading achievement. Edinburgh, UK: British Education Research Association (BERA) Annual Conference, 3-6 Sep 2008.
  • Fletcher, J. and Parkhill, F. (2008) How students' ethnic and cultural identification influence learning. A discussion based on a series of studies of culturally diverse learners in today's classrooms. Gothenburg, Sweden: ECER 2008 Gothenburg: The European Conference on Educational Research, 8-12 Sep 2008.
  • Fletcher, J.F., Parkhill, F.F., Fa'afoi, A. and Taleni, L.T. (2007) Pasifika children's perspectives of supports and barriers for literacy achievement in New Zealand schools. New Plymouth, New Zealand: New Zealand Reading Association (NZRA) Conference, 23-26 Sep 2007.
  • Fletcher, J., Fa'afoi, A., Parkhill, F. and Taleni, T. (2005) What underachieving Pasifika children have to say about the barriers to their learning. Christchurch, New Zealand: the South Island Pasifika Education Reference Group fono, 22 Aug 2005.
Additional Publications
  • Belgrave, J., Everatt, J. and Fletcher, J. (2015) Dialect difference: Can awareness improve outcomes for struggling readers? Big Island, HI, USA: 22nd Annual Meeting of the Society for the Scientific Study of Reading (SSSR), 15-18 Jul 2015.
  • Belgrave, J., Everatt, J. and Fletcher, J. (2014) Early literacy interventions: Dialectical awareness. London, UK: British Education Research Association Conference (BERA), 23-25 Sep 2014.
  • Fletcher, J. (2013) Raising Achievement in Reading for 11-to 13-Year-Old Students in New Zealand Schools. University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada: Canada International Conference on Education (CICE-2013), 24-26 Jun 2013.
  • Fletcher, J. and Nicholas, K. (2011) What role does a father play in influencing a child's reading ability? Institute of Education, London, UK: British Educational Research Association Annual Conference 2011 (BERA), 6-8 Sep 2011. In British Education Index-Line http://www.leeds.ac.uk/educol/documents/204270.pdf.
  • Nicholas, K., Davis, N. and Fletcher, J. (2010) How can e-learning and ICT support second-chance adult learners? Christchurch, New Zealand: Ulearn 10, 6-8 Oct 2010. In Proceedings of Ulearn10 - Research Stream: 49-55.
  • Fletcher, J., Parkhill, F. and Gillon, G. (Ed.) (2010) Motivating Literacy Learners in Today's World. Wellington: NZCER Press. 148pp.
  • Greenwood, J., Fletcher, J., Grimley, M., Parkhill, F. and Bridges, S. (2009) Improving literacy outcomes for all students through leadership in learning. Vancouver, Canada: 22nd International Congress for School Effectiveness and Improvement (ICSEI), 4-7 Jan 2009.
  • Fletcher, J. (2009) Second chance diverse literacy learners: Factors that influence their learning. Canberra, Australia: 2009 Australian Association for Research in Education (AARE) International Education Research Conference, 29 Nov-3 Dec 2009. http://www.aare.edu.au/09pap/fle091178.pdf.
  • Davis, N., Fletcher, J., Groundwater-Smith, S. and Macfarlane, A. (2009) The Puzzles of Practice: Initiating a collaborative action and research culture within and beyond New Zealand. Rotorua, New Zealand: NZARE Conference & Annual Meeting, 30 Nov-4 Dec 2009. In Proceedings: 14pp. Access via UC Research Repository.
  • Davis, N., Fletcher, J. and Groundwater-Smith, S. (2009) The Puzzles of Practice: Initiating a collaborative research culture. Canberra, Australia: 2009 Australian Association for Research in Education (AARE) International Education Research Conference, 29 Nov-3 Dec 2009. http://www.aare.edu.au/09pap/dav091506.pdf.
  • Greenwood, J., Fletcher, J. and Parkhill, F. (2009) What happens to reading progress in NZ year 7-8 classes? Hyatt Hotel, Auckland, New Zealand: Cognition Education Trust and Cognition Education Research Trust Thought Leader Symposium, 29 Oct 2009.
  • MacGibbon, L., Gilmore, F., Gilmore, A., Parkhill, F., Fletcher, J. and Johnson, J. (2008) An Evaluation of the Use of School Journal and Ready to Read Series to Support Effective Literacy Practice. Commissioned by Ministry of Education. 130pp.
  • Davis, N., Brooker, B., Gillon, G., Fletcher, J., Mackey, J. and Morrow, D. (2008) E-learning for adult literacy, language and numeracy: What is possible? Wellington, New Zealand: Distance Education Association of New Zealand Annual Conference 2008 (DEANZ), 17-20 Aug 2008.
  • Parkhill, F. and Fletcher, J. (2006) Culturally responsive research methods. Christchurch College of Education, Christchurch, New Zealand: TL801 Masters Students Research Forum, 14 Mar 2006.
  • Fletcher, J. (2000) Assessing the cooperative education of student teachers. Rotorua, New Zealand: Third Annual New Zealand Association for Co-operative Education (NZACE) Conference, 24 Mar 2000. : 23-39.
  • Fletcher, J. (1999) A paper on the selection of primary programme applicants at the Christchurch College of Education. Rotorua, New Zealand: Second Annual New Zealand Association for Co-operative Education (NZACE) Conference, 26 Mar 1999. : 37-47.