UC SPARK - University of Canterbury - New Zealand

Professor Shusheng Pang

Chemical and Process Engineering

Fields of Research

  • Drying fundamentals and technologies
  • Gas absorption process
  • Heat and mass transfer processes
  • Mathematical modelling
  • MDF processing
  • New products from recycled waste plastics
  • Product development and technologies for wood-plastics composites
  • Technologies for biomass energy and biofuels
  • Wood products and processing
  • Wood thermodynamics and properties

Researcher Summary

Research interests include woody biomass energy and bioliquid fuels, wood based composites, wood processing with strengths on drying of wood and wood based materials, wood quality and wood properties related to drying. In addition, he is interested in drying of particular materials, evaporation, and heat and mass transfer processes. Specific research interests are:
-Thermal gasification of woody biomass for energy and liquid fuels.
-Pyrolysis of waste plastics and woody biomass for liquid fuels.
-Product development and processing technologies for wood – plastic composites.
-Kiln drying of softwood timber: drying modelling, model validation and practical application.
-Modelling of drying stress and board deformation for kiln drying of softwood timber.
-Drying related wood properties, thermal dynamics and wood-water relationships.
-Quality drying of timber: studies on wood discolouration, checking, residual drying stress, warp and instability.
-Fibre processing (particularly on drying) and mat hot pressing for MDF production.
-Modelling of veneer drying for production of plywood and laminated veneer lumber (LVL).
-LVL hot pressing with microwave preheating.
-New technologies and environmental issues in drying of wood and wood based materials.
-Alternative drying medium for high quality drying.
-Kiln emission quantification and reduction in wood and wood product processing.

Subject Area: Disciplines

Research Projects

Research Groups

Future Research

  • Thermal gasification of woody biomass for energy and liquid fuels
  • Energy efficiency on wood drying
  • Quality drying of softwood timber
  • Product development and processing technologies for wood – plastic composites
  • Pyrolysis of waste plastics and woody biomass for liquid fuels
  • Modelling of drying stress and stability for kiln drying of softwood timber
  • Wood thermal modification
  • Drying related wood properties, thermal dynamics and wood-water relationships
  • Environmental issues in wood processing

Key Methodologies

  • Condition chamber used with accurate humidity control for wood property tests
  • Fast internal circulating fluidised bed gasifier with a capacity of 100 kW
  • High pressure and high temperature Fischer-Tropsch reactor for liquid fuel
  • Lab scale vacuum dryer
  • Pyrolysis reactor for fast pyrolysis of waste plastics and wood for liquid fuel
  • Spectrophotometer for colour measurement
  • Tunnel dryer for timber drying at temperature from 50 to 140°C
  • Tunnel dryer for timber drying with capability for heat and emission recovery

Affiliations

Prizes and Awards

  • Fellow of International Academy of Wood Science (FIAWS). ( 2011 - 2017)
  • Fellow of The Instution of Professional Engineers New Zealand (FIPENZ). ( 2011 - 2017)

Research/Scholarly/Creative Works

Journal Article
  • Pang S., Wigley T. and Yip ACK. (2017) A detailed product analysis of bio-oil from fast pyrolysis of demineralised and torrefied biomass. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis 123: 194-203. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaap.2016.12.006.
  • Wigley T., Yip ACK. and Pang S. (2017) A detailed product analysis of bio-oil from fast pyrolysis of demineralised and torrefied biomass. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis 123: 194-203. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaap.2016.12.006.
  • Dubey M., Pang S., Chauhan S. and Walker J. (2016) Dimensional stability, fungal resistance and mechanical properties of radiata pine after combined thermo-mechanical compression and oil heat-treatment.
  • Hongrapipat J., Pang S. and Saw WL. (2016) Removal of NH3 and H2S from producer gas in a dual fluidised bed steam gasifier by optimisation of operation conditions and application of bed materials. Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery 6(1): 105-113. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13399-015-0167-5.
  • Huber T., Kuckhoff B., Gries T., Veit D., Pang S., Graupner N., Muessig J. and Staiger MP. (2016) Three-dimensional braiding of continuous regenerated cellulose fibres. Journal of Industrial Textiles 45(5): 707-715. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1528083714540695.
  • Huber T., Kuckhoff B., Gries T., Veit D., Pang S., Graupner N., Müssig J. and Staiger MP. (2016) Three-dimensional braiding of continuous regenerated cellulose fibres. Journal of Industrial Textiles 45(5): 707-715. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1528083714540695.
  • Hongrapipat J., Saw WL. and Pang S. (2015) Co-gasification of blended lignite and wood pellets in a dual fluidized bed steam gasifier: The influence of lignite to fuel ratio on NH3 and H2S concentrations in the producer gas. Fuel 139: 494-501. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2014.09.030.
  • Wigley T., Yip ACK. and Pang S. (2015) The use of demineralisation and torrefaction to improve the properties of biomass intended as a feedstock for fast pyrolysis. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis 113: 296-306. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaap.2015.02.007.
  • Xu Q., Pang S. and Levi T. (2015) Cogasification of blended coal-biomass in an air/steam BFB gasifier: Experimental investigation and model validation. AIChE Journal 61(5): 1639-1647. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/aic.14773.
  • Zhang Z. and Pang S. (2015) Experimental investigation of biomass devolatilization in steam gasification in a dual fluidised bed gasifier.
  • Hongrapipat J., Yip ACK., Marshall AT., Saw WL. and Pang S. (2014) Investigation of simultaneous removal of ammonia and hydrogen sulphide from producer gas in biomass gasification by titanomagnetite. Fuel 135: 235-242. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2014.06.037.
  • How SS., Williamson CJ., Carradine D., Tan YE., Cambridge J. and Pang S. (2014) PREDICTING THE YOUNG'S MODULUS OF DEFECT FREE RADIATA PINE SHOOKS IN FINGER-JOINTING USING RESONANCE FREQUENCY. MADERAS : Ciencia y Tecnología 16(4): 435-444. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-221X2014005000035.
  • Mwandila G., Pang S. and Saw WL. (2014) Semiempirical determination of overall volumetric molar transfer coefficient for the scrubbing of gaseous tars in biodiesel. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research 53: 4424-4428. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ie401823r.
  • Puadian N., Li J. and Pang S. (2014) Analysis of operation parameters in a dual fluidized bed biomass gasifier integrated with a biomass rotary dryer: Development and application of a system model. Energies 7(7): 4342-4363. http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/en7074342.
  • Gupta A., Jordan P. and Pang S. (2013) Modelling the heat and mass transfer during hot pressing of medium density fibreboard. Chemical Product and Process Modeling 8(1) http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/cppm-2013-0004.
  • Saw WL. and Pang S. (2013) Co-gasification of blended lignite and wood pellets in a 100 kW dual fluidised bed steam gasifier: The influence of lignite ratio on producer gas composition and tar content. Fuel 112: 117-124. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2013.05.019.
  • Dubey MK., Pang S. and Walker J. (2012) Oil uptake by wood during heat-treatment and post-treatment cooling, and effects on wood dimensional stability. European Journal of Wood and Wood Products 70(1-3): 183-190. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00107-011-0535-1.
  • Hongrapipat J., Saw WL. and Pang S. (2012) Removal of ammonia from producer gas in biomass gasification: Integration of gasification optimisation and hot catalytic gas cleaning. Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery 2(4): 327-348. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13399-012-0047-1.
  • Huber T., Müssig J., Curnow O., Pang S., Bickerton S. and Staiger MP. (2012) A critical review of all-cellulose composites. Journal of Materials Science 47(3): 1171-1186. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10853-011-5774-3.
  • Saw W., McKinnon H., Gilmour I. and Pang S. (2012) Production of hydrogen-rich syngas from steam gasification of blend of biosolids and wood using a dual fluidised bed gasifier. Fuel 93: 473-478. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2011.08.047.
  • Saw WL. and Pang S. (2012) The influence of calcite loading on producer gas composition and tar concentration of radiata pine pellets in a dual fluidised bed steam gasifier. Fuel 102: 445-452. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2012.07.013.
  • Saw WL. and Pang SS. (2012) Influence of mean gas residence time in the bubbling fluidised bed on the performance of a 100-kW dual fluidised bed steam gasifier. Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery 2(3): 197-205. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13399-012-0036-4.
  • Dubey M., Pang S. and Walker J. (2011) Changes in chemistry, color, dimensional stability and fungal resistance of Pinus radiata D. Don wood with oil heat-treatment.
  • Dubey MK., Pang S. and Walker J. (2011) Effect of oil heating age on colour and dimensional stability of heat treated Pinus radiata. European Journal of Wood and Wood Products 69(2): 255-262. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00107-010-0431-0.
  • Pinkert A., Ang KL., Marsh KN. and Pang S. (2011) Density, viscosity and electrical conductivity of protic alkanolammonium. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 13(11): 5136-5143. http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c0cp02222e.
  • Pinkert A., Goeke DF., Marsh KN. and Pang S. (2011) Extracting wood lignin without dissolving or degrading cellulose: investigations on the use of food additive-derived ionic liquids. Green Chemistry 13(11): 3124-3136. http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c1gc15671c.
  • Xu Q., Pang S. and Levi T. (2011) Reaction kinetics and producer gas compositions of steam gasification of coal and biomass blend chars, part 2: Mathematical modelling and model validation. Chemical Engineering Science 66(10): 2232-2240. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ces.2011.02.054.
  • Xu Q., Pang S. and Levi T. (2011) Reaction kinetics and producer gas compostions of steam gasification of coal and biomass blend chars, part 1: Experimental investigation. Chemical Engineering Science 66(10): 2141-2148. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ces.2011.02.026.
  • Adhikary KB., Pang S. and Staiger MP. (2010) Effects of the Accelerated Freeze-Thaw Cycling on Physical and Mechanical Properties of Wood Flour-Recycled Thermoplastic Composites. Polymer Composites 31(2): 185-194. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pc.20782.
  • Dubey MK., Pang S. and Walker J. (2010) Color and dimensional stability of oil heat-treated radiata pinewood after accelerated UV weathering. Forest Products Journal 60(5): 453-459.
  • Pang S. and Mujumdar AS. (2010) Drying of woody biomass for bioenergy: Drying technologies and optimization for an integrated bioenergy plant. Drying Technology 28(5): 690-701. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07373931003799236.
  • Pang S. and Xu Q. (2010) Drying of Woody Biomass for Bioenergy Using Packed Moving Bed Dryer: Mathematical Modeling and Optimization. Drying Technology 28(5) PII 922448060: 702-709. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07373931003799251.
  • Pinkert A., Marsh KN. and Pang S. (2010) Alkanolamine Ionic Liquids and Their Inability To Dissolve Crystalline Cellulose. Industrial && Engineering Chemistry Research 49(22): 11809-11813. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ie101250v.
  • Pinkert A., Marsh KN. and Pang S. (2010) Reflection on the Solubility of Cellulose. Industrial && Engineering Chemistry Research 49(22): 11121-11130. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ie1006596.
  • Adhikary KB., Pang S. and Staiger MP. (2009) Accelerated Ultraviolet Weathering of Recycled Polypropylene-Sawdust Composites. Journal of Thermoplastic Composite Materials 22(6): 661-679. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0892705709096550.
  • Pinkert A., Marsh KN., Pang S. and Staiger MP. (2009) Ionic liquids and their Interaction with Cellulose. Chemical Reviews 109(12): 6712-6728. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/cr9001947.
  • Adhikary KB., Pang S. and Staiger MP. (2008) Dimensional stability and mechanical behaviour of wood-plastic composites based on recycled and virgin high-density polyethylene (HDPE). Composites Part B: Engineering 39(5): 807-815. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2007.10.005.
  • Adhikary KB., Pang S. and Staiger MP. (2008) Long-term moisture absorption and thickness swelling behaviour of recycled thermoplastics reinforced with Pinus radiata sawdust. Chemical Engineering Journal 142(2): 190-198. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2007.11.024.
  • Kanga W., Leeb NH., Pang S. and Chunga WY. (2008) Free vibration of polar orthotropic circular plates with elastic growth stresses and drying stresses. Applied Acoustics 69(11): 985-993.
  • Wang E., Chen T., Pang S. and Karalus A. (2008) Variation in anisotropic shrinkage of plantation-grown Pinus radiata wood. MADERAS : Ciencia y Tecnología 10(3): 243-250.
  • Gupta A., Jordan P. and Pang S. (2007) Modelling of the development of the vertical density profile of MDF during hot pressing. Chemical Product and Process Modeling 2(2) Article 2: 15pp. | http://www.bepress.com/cppm/vol2/iss2/2.
  • Haque MN., Riley SG., Langrish TAG. and Pang S. (2007) Model Predicted Effect of Process Variables on Kiln Drying of Pinus radiata Boards. Drying Technology 25(3): 455-461. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07373930601183876.
  • Li J., Pang S. and Scharpf EW. (2007) Modeling of thermal energy demand in MDF production. Forest Products Journal 57(9): 97-104.
  • McCurdy MC. and Pang S. (2007) Comparison of colour development in sugar-amino acid solutions with colour changes in wood during drying. Developments in Chemical Engineering and Mineral Processing 2(1): 30-34. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/apj.52.
  • McCurdy MC. and Pang S. (2007) Optimization of kiln drying for softwood through simulation of wood stack drying, energy use, and wood color change. Drying Technology 25(10): 1733-1740. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07373930701591077.
  • Li J., McCurdy M. and Pang S. (2006) Energy demand in wood processing plants. New Zealand Journal of Forestry
  • McCurdy MC., Pang S. and Keey RB. (2006) Surface colour change in wood during drying above and below fibre saturation point. MADERAS: Ciencia y Tecnología 8(1): 31-40.
  • Pang S. and Gu L. (2006) Opportunity and Challenge in Wood Drying: Quality Control and Energy Saving.
  • Pang S. and Li J. (2006) BIGCC system for New Zealand: an overview and perspective. New Zealand Journal of Forestry
  • Pang S. and Li J. (2006) Use of A Modified Drying Medium To Prevent Discolouration of Radiata Pine Sapwood During Kiln Drying.
  • McCurdy M., Pang S. and Keey R. (2005) Experimental determination of the effect of temperature and humidity on the development of colour in Pinus radiata. Brazilian Journal of Chemical Engineering 22(2): 173-179. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-66322005000200003.
  • McCurdy M., Pang S. and Keey R. (2005) Experimental determination of the effect of temperature and humidity on the development of colour in Pinus radiatai. Brazilian Journal of Chemical Engineering 22(2): 173-179.
  • Pang SS. and Herritsch A. (2005) Physical properties of earlywood and latewood of Pinus radiata D. Don: Anisotropic shrinkage, equilibrium moisture content and fibre saturation point. Holzforschung 59(6): 654-661. http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/HF.2005.105.
  • Pang S. (2004) External Heat Transfer in Moist Air and Superheated Steam for Softwood Drying. Hua Gong Xue Bao == 12(6): 762-766.
  • Pang S. and Pearson H. (2004) Experimental Investigation and Practical Application of Superheated Steam Drying Technology for Softwood Timber. Drying Technology 22(9): 2079-2094. http://dx.doi.org/10.1081/DRT-200034252.
  • Pang S. and Pearson H. (2004) Experimental investigation and practical application of superheated steam drying technology of softwood timber. Drying Technology 22(9): 2079-2094. http://dx.doi.org/10.1081/LDRT-200034252.
  • Pang S. (2002) Investigation of effects of wood variability and rheological properties on lumber drying: Application of mathematical models. Chemical Engineering Journal 86(1-2): 103-110. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1385-8947(01)00278-9.
  • Pang S. and Haslett AN. (2002) Effects of sawing pattern on drying rate and residual drying stresses of pinus radiata lumber. MADERAS : Ciencia y Tecnología 4(1): 40-49.
  • Ball RD., Simpson IG. and Pang S. (2001) Measurement, modelling and prediction of equilibrium moisture content in Pinus radiata heartwood and sapwood. European Journal of Wood and Wood Products 59(6): 457-462.
  • Pang S., Simpson IG. and Haslett AN. (2001) Cooling and steam conditioning after high-temperature drying of Pinus radiata board: Experimental investigation and mathematical modelling. Wood Science and Technology 35(6): 487-502. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00226-001-0124-2.
  • Pang S. (2000) Drying of sapwood, heartwood and mixed sapwood and heartwood boards of Pinus radiata. European Journal of Wood and Wood Products 58(5): 363-367.
  • Pang S. (2000) Mathematical modelling of MDF fibre drying: Drying optimisation. Drying Technology 18(7): 1433-1448.
  • Pang S. (2000) Modelling of stress development during drying and relief during steaming in Pinus radiata lumber. Drying Technology 18(8): 1677-1696.
  • Pang S. and Dakin M. (1999) Drying rate and temperature profile for superheated steam vacuum drying and moist air drying of softwood lumber. Drying Technology 17(6): 1135-1147.
  • Pang S. and Wiberg P. (1999) Letters to the editor. European Journal of Wood and Wood Products 57: 79-80.
  • Pang S. and Wiberg P. (1999) Model predicted and CT scanned moisture distribution in a Pinus radiata board during drying. European Journal of Wood and Wood Products 57(1): 79-80.
  • Pang S., Orchard R. and McConchie R. (1999) Tangential shrinkage of Pinus radiata earlywood and latewood and its implications for within-ring internal checking. New Zealand Journal of Forestry Science 20(3): 484-491.
  • Pang S. (1998) Relative importance of vapour diffusion and convective flow in wood during drying. Drying Technology 16(1&2): 271-281.
  • Pang S. and Wiberg P. (1998) Model predicted and CT scanned moisture distribution in a Pinus radiata board during drying. European Journal of Wood and Wood Products 56(1): 9-14.
  • Pang S. (1997) Relationship between a diffusion model and a transport model for softwood drying. Wood and Fiber Science 29(1): 58-67.
  • Pang S. (1997) Some considerations in simulation of superheated steam drying of softwood lumber. Drying Technology 15(2): 651-670.
  • Pang S., Riley SG. and Haslett AN. (1997) Simulation of Pinus radiata veneer drying: moisture content and temperature profiles. Forest Products Journal 47(7/8): 51-58.
  • Pang S., Riley SG. and Haslett AN. (1997) Simulation of Pinus radiata veneer drying: Moisture content and temperature profiles. Forest Products Journal 47(7-8): 51-58.
  • Pang S. (1996) Moisture content gradient in a softwood board during drying: simulation from a 2-D model and measurement. Wood Science and Technology 30(3) http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00231631.
  • Keey RB. and Pang S. (1994) THE HIGH-TEMPERATURE DRYING OF SOFTWOOD BOARDS - A KILN-WIDE MODEL. Chemical Engineering Research and Design 72(A6): 741-753.
  • Pang S., Langrish TAG. and Keey RB. (1993) Heat of sorption of timber. Drying Technology 11(5): 1071-1080.
Chapter
  • Pang S. (2016) Fuel flexible gas production: Biomass, coal and bio-solid wastes. In Oakey J (Ed.), Fuel Flexible Energy Generation: Solid, Liquid and Gaseous Fuels: 241-269. Cambridge: Elsevier.
  • Pang S. (2014) Drying of Biomass. In Mujumdar AS (Ed.), Handbook of Industrial Drying (4th ed.): 847-860. New York: CRC Press Taylor & Francis Group.
  • Pang S. (2004) New Developments in Wood-Drying Technologies. In Mujumdar AS (Ed.), Dehydration of Products of Biological Origin: 389-436. Enfield: Science Publishers, Inc.
  • Pang S. and Haslett AN. (1997) High-Temperature Kiln Drying of Softwood Boards - the Role of Mathematical Modelling. Chapter 4. In Mujumdar AS; Turner I (Ed.), Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Techniques in Drying Technology: 179-219. New York: Marcel Dekker.
Conference Contribution - Published
  • Kolokolova O., Levi T., Pang S. and Herrington P. (2013) TORREFACTION AND PYROLYSIS OF BIOMASS WASTE IN CONTINUOUS REACTORS. In PROCEEDINGS OF THE 13TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
  • Saw WL., Shaw TR. and Pang SS. (2013) Co-gasification of blended wood and lignite pellets in a dual fluidised bed steam gasifier. Perth, Australia: The Australian Combustion Symposium (ACS) 2013, 6-8 Nov 2013. In Proceedings of The Australian Combustion Symposium 2013: 242-245. | http://www.anz-combustioninstitute.org/events.php.
  • Lim MT., Saw WL. and Pang SS. (2012) A dual fluidized bed biomass steam gasifier and a dual fluidized bed cold model: Comparison of the effects of a binary mixture on the hydrodynamics. Nanjing, China: International Conference on Biomass-Energy Technologies, 22-24 Oct 2012. : 433-438.
  • Lim MT., Saw WL. and Pang SS. (2012) Investigation of hydrodynamics of a dual fluidized bed biomass steam gasifier using a cold model: The effect of fluidizing agent on gasification performance. Nanjing, China: International Conference on Biomass-Energy Technologies, 22-24 Oct 2012. : 425-432.
  • Saw WL., Hongrapipat J. and Pang S. (2012) Effect of steam to biomass ratio and calcite bed material on the performance of a 100kWth dual fluidised bed gasifier. Wellington, New Zealand: Chemeca2012, 23-26 Sep 2012.
  • Levi T., Gardiner AI., Whitney R., Iwasaki Y., Pang S., Xu Q. and Clemens T. (2010) Coal: Biomass gasification - A pathway for new technology development of oxygen blown co-fired gasification with integrated electrolysis. In 27th Annual International Pittsburgh Coal Conference 2010, PCC 2010 1: 289-300.
  • McKinnon H., Saw WL., Gilmour I. and Pang S. (2010) Production of Hydrogen-rich Syngas from Steam Gasification of Biosolids. Adelaide, Australia: Chemeca 2010, 26-29 Sep 2010.
  • McKinnon H., Gilmour I., Penniall C. and Pang S. (2009) Bed material selection for 100kw Dual Fluidised Bed Gasifier: Effects on Gasifier Operation and Producer Gas Quality. Perth, Australia: CHEMECA 2009, 27-30 Sep 2009.
  • Pang S. (2009) Thermochemical conversion of biomass to energy and liquid fuels: The role of biomass drying. Bangkok, Thailand: 6th Asia-Pacific Drying Conference, 19-21 Oct 2009. : 22-32.
  • Pang S. and Mujumdar AS. (2008) Biomass Drying for Bioenery Development: Drying Technology and Optimization for an Integrated Energy Plant. Hyderabad, India: 16th International Drying Symposium, 9-12 Nov 2008. In Proceedings of the 16th International Drying Symposium A: 25-35.
  • Pang S., Xu Q. and Mahdum MM. (2008) Modelling and optimisation of packed bed drying of woody biomass for bioenergy. Hyderabad, India: 16th International Drying Symposium, 9-12 Nov 2008. In Proceedings of the 16th International Drying Symposium B: 1122-1129.
  • Li J., Pang S. and Bransfield J. (2007) Modelling of energy consumption in veneer drying for LVL production. Melbourne, Australia: Chemeca 2007, 23-26 Sep 2007.
  • Xu Q. and Pang S. (2007) Mathematical modeling of rotary drying of woody biomass. Hong Kong: 5th Asia-Pacific Drying Conference (ADC07), 13-15 Aug 2007. In Proceedings of the 5th Asia-Pacific Drying Conference 2: 930-938.
  • Gao F., Li X., Pang S. and Darvill M. (2006) Optimisation of Plastics Pyrolysis for Liquid Fuel.
  • Gupta A., Jordan P. and Pang S. (2006) Development of An Empirical Model for MDF Hot Press and Comparison with A Fundamental Model.
  • Gupta A., Jordan P. and Pang S. (2006) Modelling of Vertical Density Profile of MDF in Hot Pressing.
  • Gupta A., Jordan P., Pang S. and Chapman K. (2006) Modelling of hot pressing of MDF.
  • Li J. and Pang S. (2006) Modelling of Energy Demand in an MDF Plant.
  • McCurdy M. and Pang S. (2006) Simulation of wood colour development and energy use in kiln drying of softwood timber.
  • McCurdy M., Li J. and Pang S. (2006) Modelling of Energy Demand in a Sawmill.
  • McCurdy M., Pang S. and Keey R. (2006) Surface Colour Change in Wood during Drying Above and Below Fibre Saturation Point.
  • Pang S. (2006) Using methanol and ethanol vapours as drying media for producing bright colour wood in drying of radiata pine.
  • Pang S. and Gu L. (2006) Conference report: Opportunity and challenge in wood drying: Quality control and energy saving. In MADERAS : Ciencia y Tecnología 8(1): 57-58.
  • Pang S., Ngu H., Davison P. and Slovak J. (2006) New instrument for measurement of kiln emissions in drying of softwood timber and result analysis.
  • Haque MN., Riley SG., Langrish TAG. and Pang S. (2005) Model predicted effect of process variables on kiln drying of Pinus radiata boards. Nanjing, China: 9th International IUFRO Wood Drying Conference, 21 Aug 2005. In Proceedings from the 9th International IUFRO Wood Drying Conference: 115-120.
  • Pang S. (2005) Development, Validation and Practical Application of Mathematical Models for Wood Drying. Nanjing, China: 9th International IUFRO Wood Drying Conference, 21 Aug 2005. In Proceedings from the 9th International IUFRO Wood Drying Conference: 39-49.
  • Pang S. and Li J. (2005) Drying of Pinus radiata Sapwood in Oxygen-Free Medium for Bright Colour Wood. Nanjing, China: 9th IUFRO International Wood Drying Conference, 21 Aug 2005. In Proceedings from the 9th International IUFRO Wood Drying Conference: 296-299.
  • Pang S. (2004) External heat transfer in moist air and superheated steam for softwood drying. In Hua Gong Xue Bao == 12(6): 762-766.
  • Sun Z., Carrington G., Davis C., Sun Q. and Pang S. (2003) Drying radiate pine timber under dehumidifier conditions: comparison of modeled results and experimental results. Brasov, Romania: Proceedings of 8th IUFRO (International Union of Forestry Research Organization) International Wood Drying Conference, 1 Aug 2003. : 39-44.
  • Pang S. (2002) Equilibrium Moisture Content of MDF Fibres and Panels: Experimental Investigation and Model Prediction. Christchurch, New Zealand: 9th Asian Pacific Confederation of Chemical Engineering (APCChE) Congress, 29 Sep 2002. In Green Processing and Sustainability: 9th APCChE Congress and CHEMECA 2002 CD-ROM(Paper no. 886): 9 p.
  • Pang S. (2002) Factors affecting the drying rates of softwood veneer: application of a mathematical model. Beijing, China: 13th International Drying Symposium (IDS2002), 1 Aug 2002. In IDS 2002 Proceedings Vol. C: 1848-1854. | http://chemeng.p.lodz.pl/idsap/ids02c.html.
  • Pang S. and Pearson H. (2002) Superheated Steam Drying of Softwood Timber: Experimental Investigation and Practical Application. Christchurch, New Zealand: 9th Asian Pacific Confederation of Chemical Engineering (APCChE) Congress, 29 Sep 2002. In Green Processing and Sustainability: 9th APCChE Congress and CHEMECA 2002 CD-ROM(Paper no. 898): 11pp.
  • Pang S. (2001) Anisotropic shrinkage, equilibrium moisture content and fibre saturation point of earlywood and latewood of radiata pine. Tsukuba, Japan: 7th IUFRO International Wood Drying Conference, 9 Jul 2001. : 184-191.
  • Pang S. (2001) Modelling of Stresses and Deformation of Radiata Pine Lumber during Drying. Tsukuba, Japan: 7th IUFRO International Wood Drying Conference, 9 Jul 2001. : 238-245.
  • Pang S. and Warnes J. (2001) Software model of MDF fiber processing for plant and process optimization. In Proceedings of the International Particleboard/Composite Materials Symposium: 181.
  • Pang S. (2000) Applications of mathematical models to investigate effects of wood variability and rheological properties on lumber drying. Noordwijkerhout, Netherlands: 12th International Drying Symposium (IDS2000), 1 Aug 2000. Paper No. 31: 11pp.
  • Pang S. (2000) Development and application of a mathematical model for MDF fibre drying. Noordwijkerhout, Netherlands: 12th International Drying Symposium (IDS2000), 1 Aug 2000. Paper No. 32: 9pp.
  • Pang S. (1999) Stress patterns in the drying and steam conditioning of Pinus radiata lumber: Experimental investigations and mathematical modelling. South Africa: 6th IUFRO International Wood Drying Conference, 1 Jan 1999. In Proceedings of 6th IUFRO International Wood Drying Conference: 159-168.
Conference Contribution - Other
  • Abdul PM. and Pang S. (2015) Entrained flow gasification of wood pyrolysis oil.
  • Zhang Z. and Pang S. (2015) Experimental evaluation of biomass devolatilization in steam gasification in a dual fluidized bed gasifier. Chicago, IL, USA: Thermochemcial Conversion of biomass 2015 (TC biomass 2015), 2-5 Nov 2015
  • Pang S. (2014) Recent Advances in Thermochemical Conversion of Biomass to Liquid Fuels. Rotorua, New Zealand: Advanced Biofuel Research Network Symposium, 16 Oct 2014
  • Wigley T., Pang S. and Yip A. (2014) Biomass Pre-treatments to Improve the Properties of Fast Pyrolysis Bio-oil. Rotorua, New Zealand: Advanced Biofuel Research Network Symposium, 16-16 Oct 2014
  • Pang S. (2013) From Wood to Gas and Diesel - UC biomass energy technology development. Bukit Gambang Resort City, Kuantan, Malaysia: International Symposium on Biotechnology Advances, 3-4 Dec 2013
  • Pang S., Li J. and Puladian N. (2013) Sustainability assessment for production of Fischer-Tropsch (FT) liquid fuels from biomass. Brisbane, Australia: Chemeca 2013, 29 Sep-2 Oct 2013
  • Wigley T., Pang S. and Yip A. (2013) Development of the fast pyrolysis process to produce a high quality liquid fuel from woody biomass. Brisbane, Australia: Chemeca 2013, 29 Sep-2 Oct 2013
  • Xu Q., Pang S. and Levi T. (2012) Co-gasification of Biomass and Coal for Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis of Liquid Fuel: Modelling. Nanjing, China: International Conference on Biomass Energy Technologies, 22-24 Oct 2012
  • Pang S. (2011) Reducing Environmental Impacts and Increasing Energy Efficiency in Kiln Drying of Softwood Timber: Analysis and Condensation of VOC Emissions, and Condensate Treatment. Tianjin, China: The 7th Asia-Pacific Drying Conference (ACD2011), 18-20 Sep 2011
  • Huber T., Müssig J., Bickerton S., Pang S. and Staiger MP. (2010) Compression moulding of laminates based on all-cellulose composites or high strength laminates based on all cellulose composites. Budapest, Hungary: 14th European Conference on Composite Materials (ECCM 14), 7-10 Jun 2010
  • Lim MT., Pang S. and Nijdam J. (2010) Modeling and Experimental Investigation of A Cold Model of a Circulating Fluidized Bed Biomass Gasifier. Yokohama, Japan: Renewable Energy 2010 Conference, 27 Jun-2 Jul 2010
  • Marsh KN., Pinkert A. and Pang S. (2010) Physical Properties of Ionic Liquids Composed of Alkanolammonium Cations and Organic Acid Anions. Tsukuba, Japan: International Conference on Chemical Thermodynamics, 1-8 Aug 2010
  • Marsh KN., Pinkert A., Pang S. and Ang K. (2010) Ionic liquids and their interaction with cellulose: What is necessary to dissolve the biopolymer. San Francisco, CA, USA: 239th America Chemical Society National Meeting, 21-26 Mar 2010
  • Pang S. (2010) Biomass to hydrogen-rich syngas and liquid fuels through thermochemical processing. Nanjing, China: International Conference on Chemical and Biological Utilization of Biomass Resources 2010, 22-26 Oct 2010
  • Pang S. (2010) Biomass to hydrogen-rich syngas and liquid fuels through thermochemical processing. Rotorua, New Zealand: Science Symposium: Next Generation Liquid Biofuels and Co-Products, 13-15 Dec 2010
  • Pinkert A., Goeke DF., Marsh KN. and Pang S. (2010) Selective extraction of wood lignin with novel ionic liquids. Honolulu, HI, USA: The International Chemical Congress of Pacific Basin Societies, 15-20 Dec 2010
  • Pinkert A., Goeke DF., Marsh KN. and Pang S. (2010) Selective extraction of wood lignin with novel ionic liquids. Honolulu, HI, USA: The Pacific Rim Summit on Industrial Biotechnology & Bioenergy, 11-14 Dec 2010
  • Pinkert A., Marsh KN. and Pang S. (2010) Ionic liquids and their interaction with cellulose: What is necessary to dissolve the biopolymer? Honolulu, HI, USA: The International Chemical Congress of Pacific Basin Societies, 15-20 Dec 2010
  • Pinkert A., Marsh KN., Pang S. and Staiger MP. (2010) Hydroxyamine ionic liquids and their properties. San Francisco, CA, USA: 239th America Chemical Society National Meeting, 21-26 Mar 2010
  • Bull D., Gilmour IA., Williamson CJ. and Pang S. (2009) The Development and Operation of a 100 kW Dual Fluidised Bed Biomass Gasifier for Production of High Quality Producer Gas. Vienna, Austria: International Conference on Polygeneration Strategies (ICPS09), 1-4 Sep 2009
  • Dubey MK., Pang S. and Walker J. (2009) Effect of Oil Heating Age on Color and Stability of Heat Treated Wood. Boise, ID, USA: Forest Products Society (FPS) 63rd International Conference, 21-23 Jun 2009
  • Gopalakrishnan P. and Pang S. (2009) Modelling and Experimental Validation of Biomass-steam Gasification in Bubbling Fluidized Bed Reactor. Memphis, TN, USA: 2009 International Bioenergy and Bioproducts Conference, 14-16 Oct 2009
  • Marsh K., Pinkert A., Pang S. and Staiger M. (2009) Solubility of Cellulose and Wood in Ionic Liquids. Boulder, CO, USA: 17th Symposium on Thermophysical Properties, 21-26 Jun 2009
  • Adhikary K., Pang S. and Staiger M. (2008) Durability of wood flour-recycled thermoplastics composites under accelerated freeze-thaw cycles. Stockholm, Sweden: 13th European Conference on Composite Materials (ECCM 13), 2-5 Jun 2008
  • Gopalakrishana P. and Pang S. (2008) Modelling of Fast Pyrolysis in Biomass Gasification. Newcastle, Australia: Chemeca 2008, 28 Sep-1 Oct 2008
  • Mwandila G., Pang S. and Gilmour I. (2008) Tar Removal in a Hot Gas Bubble and Spray System for Gas Cleaning in Biomass Gasification. Newcastle, Australia: Chemeca 2008, 28 Sep-1 Oct 2008
  • Lenth C., Pang S. and Haslett AN. (2000) Material behaviour of Pinus radiata in severe environment: Background, methodology and equipment. Canberra, Australia: Proceedings of 5th Pacific Rim Bio-Based Composites Symposium, 1 Jan 2000
  • Pang S. (1998) Modelling of a MDF fibre dryer and process improvement. Auckland, New Zealand: IPENZ Conference, 1 Jan 1998
Report
  • Herritsch A. and Pang S. (2004) Measurement of Anisotropic Shrinkage, Equilibrium Moisture Content and Fibre Saturation Point of Earlywood and Latewood of Radiata Pine: WQI Ltd Report No. Sta 8.New Zealand Wood Quality Research Consortium. 45.
  • Pang S. and Booker R. (2004) Compilation of Analytical Models for Predicting Warp of Lumber: WQI Ltd report No. Sta 10.New Zealand Wood Quality Research Consortium. 12.
  • Pang S., Cown D. and Northway R. (2003) Review of Wood Distortion With Kiln Drying: WQI Ltd Report No. Sta 1.WQI Ltd (New Zealand Wood Quality Research Consortium). 30.
  • Turner J., Cown D. and Pang S. (2003) Review of Radiata Pine Movement in Manufacturing and Service: WQI Ltd Report No. Sta 2.New Zealand Wood Quality Research Consortium. 26.
Other