UC SPARK - University of Canterbury - New Zealand

Professor Elizabeth Valerie Hume

School of Language, Social and Political Sciences; Linguistics

Fields of Research

  • Sound systems of human language
  • Factors influencing language variation and change
  • The role of information and predictability in shaping language systems
  • Cognitive science

Researcher Summary

Professor Hume's research focusses on understanding the sound systems underlying human language and the diversity of factors that influence them. Working with collaborators from the US and Canada, she is investigating how the predictability of words influences how they are produced. Another line of research studies the physical and cognitive factors that influence how we perceive speech sounds. Her research draws on data using descriptive, experimental and corpus-based methods.

Subject Area: Disciplines

Key Methodologies

  • phonological analysis
  • phonetic analysis
  • theory development

Research/Scholarly/Creative Works

  • Hall KC. and Hume E. (2016) Predicting Perceptual Similarity of French Vowels: The Influence of Phonology, Phonetics, and Frequency. Annual Meeting on Phonology (under review) (Journal Article)
  • Hall KC., Hume E., Jaeger F. and Wedel A. (2016) The Message Shapes Phonology: A Unified Account of Strong and Weak Patterns. Stanford: Department of Linguistics (under review) (Journal Article)
  • Hume E. (2016) Phonological Markedness. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 250. (Authored Book)
  • Hume E., Hall KC. and Wedel A. (2016) Predicting Perceptually Weak and Strong Unmarked Patterns: A Message-based Approach. Vancouver, Canada: 2015 Annual Meeting of Phonology, 9-11 Oct 2015. In Proceedings of the 2015 Annual mMeeting of Phonology: 1-7. (Conference Contribution - Published)
  • Hume Elizabeth. (2016) Phonological markedness and its relation to the uncertainty of words. Phonological Studies 19: 107-116. (Journal Article)
  • Hume EV. and Currie Hall K. (2016) Modeling Perceived Similarity: The Influence of Phonetics, Phonology and Frequency on the Perception of French Vowels. Journal of Laboratory Phonology Under Review (Journal Article)
  • Mattingley W., Hume EV. and Hall KC. (2016) Production of Epenthetic Vowels in Non-native Clusters in Japanese. Sydney, Australia: 16th International Conference of Australasian Speech Science & Technology, 6-9 Dec 2016 (Conference Contribution - Other)
  • Turnbull R., Seyfarth S., Hume E. and Jaeger F. (2016) Assimilation as a message redundancy/contextual predictability trade-off. under review (Journal Article)
  • Mattingley W., Hume E. and Currie Hall K. (2015) The influence of preceding consonant on perceptual epenthesis in Japanese. Glasgow, UK: 18th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences (ICPhs 2015), 10-14 Aug 2015. (Conference Contribution - Published)
  • Rose D., Hume EV. and hay J. (2015) Morphological predictability shapes the phonetic realization of morphemes. Dunedin, New Zealand: New Zealand Linguistics Society Conference. (Oral Presentation)
  • Hall KC. and Hume E. (2014) Predicting Perceptual Similarity of French Vowels: The Influence of Phonology, Phonetics and Frequency. Boston, MA, USA: Phonology 2014, 19-21 Feb 2014 (Conference Contribution - Other)
  • Hume E., Currie K. and Wedel A. (2014) Strategic Responses to Uncertainty: Strong and Weak Sound Patterns. Gwangju, Korea: 5th International Conference on Phonology and Morphology, 3-5 Jul 2014. In Proceedings: 24-38. (Conference Contribution - Published)
  • Hume E., Kim JI., Rose D. and LaShell P. (2014) The Influence of Word Position on Vowel Epenthesis in Korean. Gwangju, Korea: 5th International Conference on Phonology and Morphology, 3-5 Jul 2014. : 239-242. (Conference Contribution - Published)
  • Hume E., Rose D. and Spagnol M. (2014) Maltese Word-initial Singleton-Geminate Contrasts: An Information-theoretic Approach. In Kager R; Grijzenhout J; Sebregts K (Ed.), Where the Principles Fail: 89-101. Utrecht: OTS. (Chapter)
  • Culicover P. and Hume E. (2013) Teaching about how language works to diverse populations. Language and Linguistics Compass 7(10): 523-533. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/lnc3.12042. (Journal Article)
  • Hall K. and Hume E. (2013) Perceptual confusability of French vowels. Montreal, Canada: 21st International Congress on Acoustics (ICA 2013), 2-7 Jun 2013. In Proceedings of Meetings on Acoustics 19(1): 60113. http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.4800615. (Conference Contribution - Published)
  • Hume E. (2013) Strategic Positions: A Communication-Based Approach to Phonological Prominence. Dept. of Linguistics, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, USA. (Oral Presentation)
  • Hume E. and Mailhot F. (2013) The role of entropy and surprisal in phonologization and language change. In Yu ACL (Ed.), Origins of sound change: Approaches to phonologization: 29-47. Oxford: Oxford University Press. | http://ukcatalogue.oup.com/product/9780199573745.do. (Chapter)
  • Hume E., Hall K., Wedel A., Ussishkin A., Adda-Decker M. and Gendrot C. (2013) Anti-markedness patterns in French epenthesis: An information-theoretic approach. Berkeley, CA, USA: Berkeley Linguistics Society 37th Annual Meeting (BLS 37), 12-13 Feb 2011. In Proceedings of the Thirty-Seventh Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society: 104-123. (Conference Contribution - Published)
  • Hall K. and Hume E. (2012) On the instability of French Mid Front Rounded Vowels. Paris, France: Colloque du Réseau Français de Phonologie, 26-26 Jun 2012 (Conference Contribution - Other)
  • Hume E. (2012) InPho Theory: An Information-based Approach to Phonology. National Tsing Hua University, Taiwan. (Oral Presentation)
  • Hume E. (2012) Teaching about Linguistics to Diverse Populations. National Tsing Hua University, Taiwan. (Oral Presentation)
  • Hume E. (2012) Uncertainty: Unifying the Effects of Phonetics on Sound Systems. National Tsing Hua University, Taiwan. (Oral Presentation)
  • Hume E. and Wedel A. (2012) Uncertainty as an organizing principle of phonology. Auckland, New Zealand: Annual Meeting of the Linguistic Society of New Zealand, 28-29 Nov 2012 (Conference Contribution - Other)
  • Goldsmith JA., Hume E. and Wetzels L. (Ed.) (2011) Tones and Features: Phonetic and Phonological Perspectives. Studies in Generative Grammar 107. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. 369pp. (Edited Volume)
  • Hume E. (2011) Markedness. In van Oostendorp M; Ewen CJ; Hume E; Rice K (Ed.), The Blackwell Companion to Phonology, Volume 1: 79-106. Malden: Wiley-Blackwell. (Chapter)
  • Mielke J., Macloughlin L. and Hume E. (2011) Evaluating the effectiveness of Unified Feature Theory and three other feature systems. In Goldsmith JA; Hume E; Wetzels WL (Ed.), Tones and Features: Phonetic and Phonological Perspectives: 223-263. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. (Chapter)
  • van Oostendorp M., Ewen CJ., Hume EV. and Rice K. (Ed.) (2011) Companion to Phonology, Volume I: General Issues and Segmental Phonology. Cambridge, Boston: Wiley-Blackwell. 250pp. (Edited Volume)
  • van Oostendorp M., Ewen CJ., Hume EV. and Rice K. (Ed.) (2011) Companion to Phonology, Volume II: Suprasegmental and Prosodic Phonology. Cambridge, Boston: Wiley-Blackwell. 250pp. (Edited Volume)
  • van Oostendorp M., Ewen CJ., Hume EV. and Rice K. (Ed.) (2011) Companion to Phonology, Volume III: Phonological Processes. Cambridge, Boston: Wiley-Blackwell. 200pp. (Edited Volume)
  • van Oostendorp M., Ewen CJ., Hume EV. and Rice K. (Ed.) (2011) Companion to Phonology, Volume IV: Phonological Interfaces. Cambridge, Boston: Wiley-Blackwell. 250pp. (Edited Volume)
  • van Oostendorp M., Ewen CJ., Hume EV. and Rice K. (Ed.) (2011) Companion to Phonology, Volume V: Phonology Across Languages. Cambridge, Boston: Wiley-Blackwell. 250pp. (Edited Volume)
  • Culicover PW. and Hume EV. (2010) Basics of Language for Language Learners. Columbus: OSU Press. 227pp. (Authored Book)
  • Hume E., Gett S., Hovey L., Scudieri K. and Spagnol M. (2010) Cues to word-final geminate consonants in Maltese. Albuquerque, NM, USA: 12th Conference on Laboratory Phonology (LabPhon 12), 8-10 Jul 2010 (Conference Contribution - Other)
  • Comrie B., Fabri R., Hume E., Mifsud M., Stolz T. and Vanhove M. (Ed.) (2009) Introducing Maltese Linguistics: Selected Papers from the 1st International Conference on Maltese Linguistics, Bremen, 18-20 October, 2007. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 422pp. (Edited Volume)
  • Hume E. (2009) On the Markedness of Phonological Features. Paris, France. (Oral Presentation)
  • Hume E. (2009) Effects of Uncertainty and Expectation on Language Sound Systems. University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada: Interlocution Conference, 1 Jan 2009 (Conference Contribution - Other)
  • Hume E. and Gett S. (2009) A study of word-final geminate consonants in Standard Maltese. Bremen, Germany: 2nd International Conference of Maltese Linguistics, 19-21 Sep 2009 (Conference Contribution - Other)
  • Hume E., Venditti J., Vella A. and Gett S. (2009) Vowel duration and Maltese 'gh'. In Comrie B; Fabri R; Hume E; Mifsud M; Stolz T; Vanhove M (Ed.), Introducing Maltese Linguistics: Selected Papers from the 1st International Conference on Maltese Linguistics, Bremen, 18-20 October, 2007: 15-46. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. (Chapter)
  • Boomershine A., Currie Hall K., Hume E. and Johnson K. (2008) The impact of allophony vs. contrast on speech perception. In Avery P; Dresher BE; Rice K (Ed.), Contrast in Phonology: Theory, Perception, Acquisition: 145-171. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. (Chapter)
  • Hume E. (2008) Expectation and its Role in Phonologization and Language Change. University of Chicago, IL, USA: Symposium on Phonologization, 25-25 Apr 2008 (Conference Contribution - Other)
  • Hume E. (2008) Markedness and the Language User. Phonological Studies 11: 83-98. (Journal Article)
  • Hume E. (2008) On the concreteness of Maltese 'gh'. McGill University, Montreal, Canada: Montreal-Ottawa-Toronto (MOT) Phonology Workshop, 1-1 Mar 2008 (Conference Contribution - Other)
  • Hume E. and Nagy N. (2008) Sociolinguistics and Linguistic Theories: Giving and Taking (Phonology). Chicago, IL, USA. (Oral Presentation)
  • Hume E. and Winters S. (2006) Distinctive Features. In xxxx (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science London: Macmillan. (Chapter)
  • William RD., Dautricourt R. and Hume E. (2006) Word-internal /t,d/ deletion in spontaneous speech: Modeling the effects of extra-linguistic, lexical, and phonological factors. Language Variation and Change 18(1): 55-97. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0954394506060042. (Journal Article)
  • Hume E. (2005) Deconstructing markedness: A predictability-based approach. Berkeley, CA, USA: Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society, 13 Feb 2004. In Proceedings: 182-198. (Conference Contribution - Published)
  • Hume E. and Seo M. (2004) Metathesis in Faroese and Lithuanian: From speech perception to Optimality Theory. Nordic Journal of Linguistics 27(1): 35-60. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0332586504001143. (Journal Article)
  • Pitt MA., Johnson K., Hume E., Kiesling S. and Raymond W. (2004) The Buckeye corpus of conversational speech: Labeling conventions and a test of transcriber reliability. Speech Communication 45(1): 89-95. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.specom.2004.09.001. (Journal Article)
  • Hume E. (2003) Language specific markedness: The case of place of articulation. Studies in Phonetics, Phonology & Morphology 9(2): 295-310. (Journal Article)
  • Hume E. and Johnson K. (2003) Case Studies of Phonetic Explanation: Overview of the Symposium. Barcelona, Spain: 15th Annual International Congress of Phonetic Sciences., 1 Jan 2003. In Proceedings of the 15th Annual International Congress of Phonetic Sciences. (Conference Contribution - Published)
  • Hume E. and Johnson K. (2003) The Impact of Impartial Phonological Contrast on Speech Perception. Barcelona, Spain: Proceedings of the 15th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, 1 Jan 2003. In Proceedings of the 15th Annual International Congress of Phonetic Sciences: 2385-2388. (Conference Contribution - Published)
  • Mielke., Jeff., Armstrong., Mike., Hume. and Elizabeth. (2003) Looking through opacity. Theoretical Linguistics 29: 123-139. (Journal Article)
  • Hume E. and Tserdanelis G. (2002) Labial unmarkedness in Sri Lankan Portuguese Creole. Phonology 19(3): 441-458. (Journal Article)
  • Raymond W., Pitt M., Johnson K., Hume E., Makashay M., Dautricourt R. and Hilts C. (2002) An analysis of transcriber consistency in spontaneous speech from the Buckeye corpus. Denver, CO, USA: 7th International Conference on Spoken Language Processing, 1 Jan 2001. In Proceedings of 7th International Conference on Spoken Language Processing (Conference Contribution - Published)
  • Hume E. (2001) Metathesis: Formal and Functional Considerations. In Hume E; Smith N; van de Weijer J (Ed.), Surface Syllable Structure and Segment Sequencing.: 1-25. Leiden: HIL. (Chapter)
  • Hume E. and Johnson K. (2001) A Model of the Interplay of Speech Perception in Phonology. In Hume E; Johnson K (Ed.), The Role of Speech Perception in Phonology: 3-26. New York: Academic Press. (Chapter)
  • Hume E. and Johnson K. (Ed.) (2001) Studies in the Interplay of Speech Perception and Phonology. OSU Working Papers in Linguistics, Vol 55. Columbus: Ohio State University, Department of Linguistics. 199pp. (Edited Volume)
  • Hume E. and Johnson K. (Ed.) (2001) The Role of Speech Perception in Phonology. San Diego: Academic Press. 282pp. (Edited Volume)
  • Hume E., Smith N. and van de Weijer J. (Ed.) (2001) Surface Syllable Structure and Segment Sequencing. Leiden: Holland Institute of Generative Linguistics. 247pp. (Edited Volume)
  • Mielke J. and Hume E. (2001) Consequences of Word Recognition for Metathesis. In Hume E; Smith N; van de Weijer J (Ed.), Surface Syllable Structure and Segment Sequencing.: 135-158. Leiden: HIL. (Chapter)
  • Seo H. and Hume E. (2001) A Comparative Account of Metathesis in Faroese and Lithuanian. In Hume E; Smith N; van de Weijer J (Ed.), Surface Syllable Structure and Segment Sequencing.: 210-229. Leiden: HIL. (Chapter)
  • Hume E., Johnson K., Seo M., Tserdanelis G. and Winters S. (1999) A Cross-linguistic Study of Stop Place Perception. San Francisco, CA, USA: XIVth International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, 1 Jan 1999. In Proceedings of the XIVth International Congress of Phonetic Sciences: 2069-2072. (Conference Contribution - Published)
  • Hume E. (1998) Metathesis in Phonological Theory: The Case of Leti. Lingua 104: 147-186. (Journal Article)
  • Hume E. (1998) The Role of Perceptibility in Consonant/Consonant Metathesis. Washington DC, USA: West Coast Conference on Formal Linguistics, 1 Jan 1997. In Proceedings of West Coast Conference on Formal Linguistics 17: 293-307. (Conference Contribution - Published)
  • Hume E., Muller E. and van Engelenhoven A. (1998) Initial Geminates in Leti: Consequences for Moraic Theory. Ohio: Studies in the Linguistic Sciences, 1 Jan 1997. In Studies in the Linguistic Sciences 27(1): 119-138. (Conference Contribution - Published)
  • Hume E. (1997) Vowel Preservation in Leti. Oceanic Linguistics 36(1): 65-101. (Journal Article)
  • Hume E., Muller J. and van Englenhoven A. (1997) Nonmoraic Geminates in Leti. Phonology 14(3): 371-402. (Journal Article)
  • Hume E. (1996) Coronal Consonant, Front Vowel Parallels in Maltese. Natural Language and Linguistic Theory 14(1): 165-203. (Journal Article)
  • Hume E. and Odden D. (1996) Reconsidering [consonantal. Phonology 13(3): 345-376. (Journal Article)
  • Clements GN. and Hume E. (1995) The Internal Organization of Speech Sounds. In Goldsmith J (Ed.), Handbook of Phonological Theory: 245-306. Oxford: Blackwell. (Chapter)
  • Hume e. (1995) Beyond Linear Order: Prosodic Constraints and C/V Metathesis. Indiana University, Bloomington, IN: Annual Meeting of the Formal Linguistic Society of Mid-America, 1 Jan 1994. In Proceedings of the Sixth Annual Meeting of the Formal Linguistic Society of Mid-America: 15-26. (Conference Contribution - Published)
  • Hume E. and Odden D. (1995) The Superfluity of [consonantal]. University of Massachusetts: North East Linguistic Society, 1 Jan 1994. In Proceedings of the North East Linguistic Society 25 25 (Conference Contribution - Published)
  • Hume E. and Odden D. (1994) Contra Consonantal. University of Illinois: 5th Annual Conference of the Formal Lingusitics Society of Mid-America, 1 Jan 1993. In Studies in the Linguistic Sciences: Proceedings of the 5th Annual Conference of the Formal Lingusitics Society of Mid-America 24(2): 245-261. (Conference Contribution - Published)
  • Hume EV. (1994) Front Vowels, Coronal Consonants and their Interaction in Nonlinear Phonology. New York: Garland Publishing. 262pp. (Authored Book)
  • Hume E. and McElhinny B. (1993) A Collection of Language and Gender Syllabi. Washington D.C.: Linguistic Society of America. 60pp. (Authored Book)
  • Hume E., Lepicq D. and Bourhis R. (1993) L'influence de l'accent dans l'enseignement/l'apprentissage du français, langue seconde. Canadian Modern Language Review 49(2): 209-235. (Journal Article)
  • Waugh L. and Hume E. (1990) European Structuralist Phonology. In Bright E (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Linguistics: 217-220. New York: Oxford University Press. (Chapter)
  • Hume E. (1988) The Realization of /R/ in Canadian and Standard European French. In al KFE (Ed.), Linguistic Change & Contact: 143-151. Austin: University of Texas Press. (Chapter)