UC SPARK - University of Canterbury - New Zealand

Dr Michael Julian Hames Hickford

Biological Sciences

Fields of Research

  • Fish biology
  • Early life history of fishes
  • Dispersal mechanisms
  • Aquatic ecology
  • Icthyoplankton
  • Whitebait

Researcher Summary

My primary research interest is the early life history of fish.

Subject Area: Disciplines

Research Groups

Research/Scholarly/Creative Works

Journal Article
  • Hickford MJH. and Schiel DR. (2016) Otolith microchemistry of the amphidromous Galaxias maculatus shows recruitment to coastal rivers from unstructured larval pools. Marine Ecology Progress Series 548: 197-207. http://dx.doi.org/10.3354/meps11701.
  • South PM., Lilley SA., Tait LW., Alestra T., Hickford MJH., Thomsen MS. and Schiel DR. (2016) Transient effects of an invasive kelp on the community structure and primary productivity of an intertidal assemblage. Marine and Freshwater Research 67(1): 103-112. http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/MF14211.
  • Stevens JCB., Hickford MJH. and Schiel DR. (2016) Evidence of iteroparity in the widely distributed diadromous fish inanga Galaxias maculatus and potential implications for reproductive output. Journal of Fish Biology 89(4): 1931-1946. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jfb.13083.
  • Hickford MJH. and Schiel DR. (2014) Experimental Rehabilitation of Degraded Spawning Habitat of a Diadromous Fish, Galaxias maculatus (Jenyns, 1842) in Rural and Urban Streams. Restoration Ecology 22(3): 319-326. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/rec.12079.
  • Hickford MJH. and Schiel DR. (2013) Artificial Spawning Habitats Improve Egg Production of a Declining Diadromous Fish, Galaxias maculatus (Jenyns, 1842). Restoration Ecology 21(6): 686-694. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/rec.12008.
  • Hickford MJH. and Schiel DR. (2011) Synergistic interactions within disturbed habitats between temperature, relative humidity and UVB radiation on egg survival in a diadromous fish. PLoS ONE 6(9): e24318. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0024318.
  • Hickford MJH., Cagnon M. and Schiel DR. (2010) Predation, vegetation and habitat-specific survival of terrestrial eggs of a diadromous fish, Galaxias maculatus (Jenyns, 1842). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 385(1-2): 66-72. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jembe.2010.01.010.
  • Hickford MJH. and Schiel DR. (2008) Experimental gill-netting of reef fish: Species-specific responses modify capture probability across mesh sizes. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 358(2): 163-169. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jembe.2008.02.007.
  • Ruttenberg BI., Hamilton SL., Hickford MJH., Paradis GL., Sheehy MS., Standish JD., Ben-Tzvi O. and Warner RR. (2005) Elevated levels of trace elements in cores of otoliths and their potential for use as natural tags. Marine Ecology Progress Series 297: 273-281.
  • Hickford MJH. and Schiel DR. (2003) Comparative dispersal of larvae from demersal versus pelagic spawning fishes. Marine Ecology Progress Series 252: 255-271. http://dx.doi.org/10.3354/meps252255.
  • Schiel DR. and Hickford MJH. (2001) Biological structure of nearshore rocky subtidal habitats in Southern New Zealand. Science for conservation (Wellington) 182: 1-54.
  • Hickford MJH. and Schiel DR. (1999) Evaluation of the performance of light traps for sampling fish larvae in inshore temperate waters. Marine Ecology Progress Series 186: 293-302. http://dx.doi.org/10.3354/meps186293.
  • Hickford MJH., Schiel DR. and Jones JB. (1997) Catch characteristics of commercial gill-nets in a nearshore fishery in central New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 31(2): 249-259.
  • Hickford MJH., Schiel DR. and Jones JB. (1997) Catch characteristics of commercial gill-nets in a nearshore fishery in central New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 31: 249-259.
  • Hickford MJH. and Schiel DR. (1996) Gillnetting in southern New Zealand: Duration effects of sets and entanglement modes of fish. Fishery Bulletin 94(4): 669-677.
  • HICKFORD MJH. and SCHIEL DR. (1995) CATCH VS COUNT - EFFECTS OF GILL-NETTING ON REEF FISH POPULATIONS IN SOUTHERN NEW-ZEALAND. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 188(2): 215-232. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0022-0981(95)00008-F.
Oral Presentation
  • Hickford M. and Schiel D. (2015) Whitebait: what are they, where do they come from and where are they going?
  • Egan E., Schiel D., Quinn J. and Hickford M. (2014) Insights into the black box of a widely dispersing Galaxiid. What can otolith microstructure reveal?
  • Egan EM., Hickford MJ., Quinn J. and Schiel DR. (2014) Out of sight, out of mind: what can otolith microstructure tell us about the elusive marine dispersive phase of the New Zealand whitebait Galaxias maculatus? Mallorca, Spain.
  • Hickford M. and Schiel D. (2014) Whitebait: what are they, where do they come from and where are they going?
  • Hickford MJH. and Schiel DR. (2014) Inanga spawning habitat: artificial solutions? Port Waikato, New Zealand.
  • Hickford MJH. and Schiel DR. (2014) Inanga: a disrupted life-history? Whangarei, New Zealand.
  • Hickford MJH. and Schiel DR. (2014) Locating, protecting and restoring inanga spawning habitat. Whangarei, New Zealand.
  • Hickford MJH. and Schiel DR. (2014) Protecting and restoring inanga spawning habitat. Port Waikato, New Zealand.
  • Hickford MJH. and Schiel DR. (2014) Whitebait: diadromous and challenged. Christchurch, New Zealand.
  • Hickford MJH. and Schiel DR. (2013) If you build it, they might show up…eventually: short & long term rehabilitation of inanga spawning habitat. Palmerston North, New Zealand.
  • Hickford MJH. and Schiel DR. (2013) Inanga spawning habitat: what is it and how do you find it? Blenheim, New Zealand.
  • Hickford MJH. and Schiel DR. (2013) Inanga: what do they need to do before we catch them as whitebait? Blenheim, New Zealand.
  • Hickford MJH. and Schiel DR. (2012) How do you find inanga eggs? Nelson, New Zealand.
  • Hickford MJH. and Schiel DR. (2012) Riparian vegetation: the foundation for whitebait spawning. Christchurch, New Zealand.
  • Hickford MJH. and Schiel DR. (2012) Whitebait spawning habitat: putting all your eggs in one, very small, basket. Nelson, New Zealand.
  • Hickford MJH. and Schiel DR. (2012) Whitebait: what we know and what we think we know. Christchurch, New Zealand.
  • Hickford MJH. and Schiel DR. (2011) Making more whitebait. Canterbury Workers Educational Association Roopu Kaimahi Matauranga O Waitaha.
Report
  • Hickford MJH., O'Connell KL. and Schiel DR. (2009) Inanga (Galaxias maculatus) spawning in the Ngakawau River.Commissioned by Solid Energy. 31pp.
  • Pirker JG., Hickford MJH. and Taylor DI. (2007) The effect of paua (Haliotis iris) re-seeding in the Kaikoura 186b Wakatu Quay Rāhui area.Commissioned by Ministry of Fisheries. 24pp.
  • Pirker JG., Hickford MJH., Taylor DI. and Schiel DR. (2007) Monitoring S186 Closures - Wakatu Quay: CUS2006-07 Final Report.Commissioned by Ministry of Fisheries. 17pp.
  • Woods CMC., Unwin MJ., Hickford MJH., Taylor DI., Pirker JG., Miller S. and Hurren S. (2006) Intertidal shellfish at Banks Peninsula: an assessment of recreational harvested species of concern based on available historical information.Commissioned by Ministry of Fisheries Research Project. 89pp.
  • Schiel DR. and Hickford M. (1993) Factory outfall visual survey.Commissioned by Kaikoura Co-op Dairy Company Limited. 13pp.
Thesis / Dissertation
  • Hickford MJH. (2000) Patterns of distribution and abundance of larval fish in a southern temperate region.
  • Hickford MJH. (1993) Effects of gill-netting on reef fish populations in central New Zealand. Christchurch, New Zealand. University of Canterbury.
Additional Publications
  • Egan EM., Hickford MJH., Quinn JM. and Schiel DR. (2016) Morphology and microstructure of inanga otoliths; building blocks of the whitebait fishery. Wellington, New Zealand: Joint conference of New Zealand Marine Sciences Society and Australian Marine Science Association, 4-7 Jul 2016
  • Hickford MJH., Orchard DSE. and Schiel DR. (2016) Causing whitebait: using artificial habitat installations to identify potential spawning site locations for īnanga.. Wellington, New Zealand: Joint conference of New Zealand Marine Sciences Society and Australian Marine Science Association, 4-7 Jul 2016
  • McMurtrie SA., Brennan K., Hickford MJH., Orchard DSE. and Lenihan TM. (2016) Whaka īnaka: causing whitebait - improving īnanga spawning in Christchurch's waterways. Invercargill: New Zealand Freshwater Sciences Society Annual Conference, 5 Dec 2016-8 Mar 2017
  • Orchard DSE., Hickford MJH. and Schiel DR. (2016) Planning for whitebait: applying vulnerability assessment to īnanga spawning sites.. Wellington, New Zealand: Joint conference of New Zealand Marine Sciences Society and Australian Marine Science Association, 4-7 Jul 2016
  • Orchard DSE., Hickford MJH. and Schiel DR. (2016) Use of artificial habitats to quantify īnanga spawning areas for conservation and management. Invercargill: New Zealand Freshwater Sciences Society Annual Conference, 5-8 Dec 2016
  • Yungnickel MR., Hickford MJH. and Schiel DR. (2016) Has the species composition of New Zealand's whitebait fishery changes in the last 50 years? Wellington, New Zealand: Joint conference of New Zealand Marine Sciences Society and Australian Marine Science Association, 4 Jul 2106-7 Jul 2016
  • Yungnickel MR., Hickford MJH. and Schiel DR. (2016) New Zealand's whitebait fishery: temporal and spatial variation in composition and morphology. Invercargill: New Zealand Freshwater Sciences Society Annual Conference, 5-8 Dec 2016
  • Egan E., Hickford M., Quinn J. and Schiel D. (2015) Shapes and landscapes - a morphological approach to the meta-population dynamics of a galaxiid fish.
  • Egan E., Hickford M., Quinn J. and Schiel D. (2015) Shaping your past: can otolith shape and structure identify dispersal histories in an amphidromous galaxiid?
  • Hickford M. and Schiel D. (2015) Ambitious amphidromy: using otolith microchemistry to determine the natal source of whitebait.
  • Hickford MJH., Stevens JCB. and Schiel DR. (2015) Between a rock and a hard place: experimental evaluation of inanga spawning substrate preferences. Wellington, New Zealand: The changing freshwater landscape: New Zealand Freshwater Sciences Society and Australian Society of Limnology Joint Conference, 23-26 Nov 2015
  • Tait L. and Schiel DR. (2015) Assemblage and understory carbon production of native and invasive canopy-forming macroalgae. Auckland, New Zealand: New Zealand Marine Sciences & Oceania Chondrichthyan Societies 2015 Conference (NZMSS), 6-9 Jul 2015
  • Egan E., Hickford M., Quinn J. and Schiel D. (2014) Can otolith shape discriminate between populations of a widely dispersing galaxiid?
  • Egan E., Hickford M., Quinn J. and Schiel D. (2014) Otolith shape as a novel method to discriminate populations of the migratory Galaxiid, Galaxias maculatus.
  • Egan E., Hickford M., Quinn J. and Schiel D. (2014) Out of sight out of mind: what can otolith microstructure reveal about the New Zealand whitebait, Galaxias maculatus?
  • Egan E., Hickford M., Quinn J. and Schiel D. (2014) Using otolith microstructure to reconstruct marine development in the New Zealand whitebait Galaxias maculatus.
  • Egan EM., Hickford MJ., Quinn J. and Schiel DR. (2014) Otoliths, the biological diary of a migratory galaxiid: can they reveal the secrets of marine larval development? Blenheim, New Zealand: New Zealand Freshwater Sciences Society Conference, 24-27 Nov 2014
  • Egan EM., Hickford MJH., Quinn JM. and Schiel DR. (2014) Otolith morphometric and microstructure analyses as complementary methods for discrimination of populations of the New Zealand whitebait species Galaxias maculatus. Blenheim, New Zealand: New Zealand Freshwater Sciences Society Annual Conference, 24-28 Nov 2014
  • Hickford M. and Schiel D. (2014) Wandering whitebait: determining the natal sources of inanga using otolith microchemistry.
  • Hickford M. and Schiel D. (2014) Widespread Wanderers: using otolith microchemistry to determine the natal source of whitebait.
  • Egan EC., Hickford MJH. and Schiel DR. (2013) Galaxias maculatus early life history: why it matters. Christchurch, New Zealand: Waterways Postgraduate Student Conference, 12-12 Nov 2013
  • Egan EC., Hickford MJH. and Schiel DR. (2013) Galaxias maculatus early life history: why it matters. Christchurch, New Zealand: Waterways Postgraduate Student Conference, 12-12 Nov 2013
  • Egan EC., Hickford MJH. and Schiel DR. (2013) Galaxias maculatus population dynamics in a dynamic world. Hamilton, New Zealand: Joint conference of New Zealand Marine Sciences Society, New Zealand Freshwater Sciences Society and The Australian Society for Fish Biology, 19-23 Aug 2013
  • Hickford MJH. and Schiel DR. (2013) Degraded inanga spawning habitat: mending a fishy Achilles heel. Hamilton, New Zealand: Joint conference of New Zealand Marine Sciences Society, New Zealand Freshwater Sciences Society and The Australian Society for Fish Biology, 19-23 Aug 2013
  • Hickford MJH. and Schiel DR. (2013) Good fences make good neighbours: experimental rehabilitation of the spawning habitat of Galaxias maculatus. Okinawa, Japan: 9th Indo-Pacific Fish Conference, 1-1 Jun 2013
  • Hill JCB., Hickford MJH. and Schiel DR. (2013) Inanga reproduction: putting fewer eggs into multiple baskets. Hamilton, New Zealand: Joint conference of New Zealand Marine Sciences Society, New Zealand Freshwater Sciences Society and The Australian Society for Fish Biology, 19-23 Aug 2013
  • Hill JCB., Hickford MJH. and Schiel DR. (2013) Reproduction in a whitebait species: spawn early or spawn often? Christchurch, New Zealand: Waterways Postgraduate Student Conference, 12-12 Nov 2013
  • Hill JCB., Hickford MJH. and Schiel DR. (2013) Tagging experiments on adult inanga: growth and migration. Hamilton, New Zealand: Joint Conference of New Zealand Marine Sciences Society, New Zealand Freshawater Sciences Society and Australian Society for Fish Biology, 19-23 Aug 2013
  • Hill JCB., Hickford MJH. and Schiel DR. (2013) Whitebait wanderings: riverine growth and movement. Christchurch, New Zealand: Waterways Postgraduate Student Conference, 12-12 Nov 2013
  • Hickford MJH. and Schiel DR. (2012) Slip, slop, splash: whitebait eggs in disturbed spawning habitats are susceptible to UVB radiation. Hobart, Australia: Australian Marine Sciences Association and New Zealand Marine Sciences Society Joint Conference, 1-5 Jul 2012
  • Hill JCB., Hickford MJH. and Schiel DR. (2012) Spawning migrations in inanga: we know the destination, but where is the source? Dunedin, New Zealand: New Zealand Freshwater Sciences Society Conference, 3-7 Dec 2012
  • Hill JCB., Hickford MJH. and Schiel DR. (2012) Spawning migrations of Galaxias maculatus (inanga) in southern New Zealand. Hobart, Australia: Australian Marine Sciences Association and New Zealand Marine Sciences Society Joint Conference, 1-5 Jul 2012
  • Hickford MJH. and Schiel DR. (2011) Whitebait can get sunburned too: Synergistic interactions within disturbed habitats between temperature, relative humidity and UVB radiation on egg survival. Brisbane, Australia: Australian Society for Limnology Annual Congress with New Zealand Freshwater Sciences Society, 26-30 Sep 2011
  • Hickford MJH. and Schiel DR. (2010) Eggs are being laid: Experimental rehabilitation of the riparian spawning habitat of a diadromous fish, Galaxias maculatus. Wellington, New Zealand: New Zealand Marine Sciences Society Conference, 7-9 Jul 2010
  • Hickford MJH. and Schiel DR. (2010) Population sinks for diadromous fish from multiple stressors in the coastal margins of New Zealand. Santa Fe, NM, USA: American Society of Limnology and Oceanography and North American Benthological Society Joint Conference, 6-11 Jun 2010
  • Hickford MJH. and Schiel DR. (2010) The grass is always greener on the other side of the fence: Experimental rehabilitation of the spawning habitat of Galaxias maculatus. Christchurch, New Zealand: New Zealand Freshwater Sciences Society Conference, 22-26 Nov 2010
  • West DW., Leathwick JR., Gerbeaux P. and Hickford MJH. (2010) White gold: mapping the value of whitebait habitat. Wellington, New Zealand: Environment Institute of Australia and New Zealand Conference, 27-29 Oct 2010
  • Hickford MJH. and Schiel DR. (2009) Attractive sinks' detract from spawning success: Degraded habitats reduce egg production of whitebait in major rivers. Auckland, New Zealand: Joint conference of the New Zealand Marine Sciences Society and the Meterological Society of New Zealand, 2-4 Sep 2009
  • Hickford MJH. and Schiel DR. (2009) Habitat degradation reduces egg production in inanga: Are major rivers 'attractive sinks'? Whangarei, New Zealand: New Zealand Hydrological and Freshwater Sciences Societies Joint Conference, 23-27 Nov 2009
  • Hickford MJH., O'Connell KO. and Schiel DR. (2009) Artificial spawning substrata: Egg-straw-dinary new habitats for inanga? Whangarei, New Zealand: New Zealand Hydrological and Freshwater Sciences Societies Joint Conference, 23-27 Nov 2009
  • O'Connell KO., Hickford MJH. and Schiel DR. (2009) Egg-straw-dinary habitat: Artificial spawning substrata for a diadromous fish species. Auckland, New Zealand: Joint conference of the New Zealand Marine Sciences Society and the Meterological Society of New Zealand, 2-4 Sep 2009
  • Hickford MJH. and Schiel DR. (2008) Until the cows come home: Restoration of spawning habitat of diadromous fishes. Christchurch, New Zealand: Wai: Wetlands Symposium, 14-16 Feb 2008
  • Hickford MJH., Cagnon M. and Schiel DR. (2008) Of mice and men: Restoration of spawning habitat of inanga, Galaxias maculatus. Christchurch, New Zealand: New Zealand Marine Sciences Society and Australian Marine Sciences Association Joint Conference, 6-10 Jul 2008
  • Hickford MJH., Cagnon M. and Schiel DR. (2008) Of mice and men: Restoration of spawning habitat of inanga, Galaxias maculatus. New Plymouth, New Zealand: New Zealand Freshwater Sciences Society Conference 2008, 24-27 Nov 2008
  • Hickford MJH. and Schiel DR. (2007) Until the cows come home: Restoration of spawning habitat of diadromous fishes. Hamilton, New Zealand: New Zealand Marine Sciences Society Conference, 29-31 Aug 2007
  • Hickford MJH. and Schiel DR. (2006) Sources and sinks: Loss of critical stage-specific habitats in a diadromous fish species. Nelson, New Zealand: New Zealand Marine Sciences Society Conference, 20-22 Sep 2006
  • Hickford MJH. and Schiel DR. (2006) Sources and sinks: Loss of critical stage-specific habitats in a diadromous fish species. Santa Barbara, CA, USA: 7th International Temperate Reefs Symposium, 26 Jun-1 Jul 2006
  • Bradshaw J., Hickford MJH. and Schiel DR. (1900) Whitebait! The story of New Zealand's favourite fish. [Museum exhibition].