Associate ProfessorPaul Gardner
Qualifications & Memberships
My personal research goal is the complete functional classification of all functional RNAs. It is well established that RNAs such as tRNA and rRNA play a vital role in translation. The further discovery of more RNAs that build the translational machinery, such as snoRNAs, RNaseP and MRP along with spliceosomal RNAs, was not too great a shock. What has come as a surprise to RNA researchers in recent years is the importance of RNA in other areas such as regulation. Newly discovered RNAs and RNA-related processes involving regulation include: RNA interference (RNAi), microRNAs, siRNAs, riboswitches, thermosensors, bacterial antisense sRNAs, leader elements, IRES's and frame-shift elements. Further discoveries have shown that RNA is important for defending genomes from invasive elements such as transposons and bacteriophages, for de-activating entire chromosomes, and are essential for DNA replication. Furthermore, the discovery of RNA enzymes, or ribozymes, has lead to the suggestion that early life's genetic and numerous metabolic processes were RNA-based. Yet many groups are discovering thousands of RNAs with no known function. Clearly we are just beginning to appreciate the number of central roles that RNA mediated processes play in biology. What further unrealised roles does this "dark matter" of the cell play?
- Coray DS., Wheeler NE., Heinemann JA. and Gardner PP. (2017) Why so narrow: Distribution of anti-sense regulated, type I toxin-antitoxin systems compared with type II and type III systems. RNA Biology 14(3): 275-280. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15476286.2016.1272747.
- Mesarich CH., Rees-George J., Gardner PP., Ashari Ghomi F., Gerth ML., Andersen MT., Rikkerink EHA., Fineran PC. and Templeton MD. (2017) Transposon insertion libraries for the characterization of mutants from the kiwifruit pathogen Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae. PLoS ONE 12(3) e0172790 http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0172790.
- Osborne AJ., Jose BR., Perry J., Smeele Z., Aitken J., Gardner PP. and Slow S. (2017) Complete genome sequences of two geographically distinct Legionella micdadei clinical isolates. American Society for Microbiology 5(e00436-17) http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/genomeA.00436-17.
- Umu SU. and Gardner PP. (2017) A comprehensive benchmark of RNA-RNA interaction prediction tools for all domains of life. Computer applications in the biosciences : CABIOS 33(7): 988-996. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/bioinformatics/btw728.
- Wu C., Jordan MD., Newcomb RD., Gemmell NJ., Bank S., Meusemann K., Dearden PK., Duncan EJ., Grosser S. and Rutherford K. (2017) Analysis of the genome of the New Zealand giant collembolan (Holacanthella duospinosa) sheds light on hexapod evolution. BMC Genomics 18(1) http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12864-017-4197-1.