The Degree of Master of Science (MSc - 240 points)

The following regulations apply to students commencing study within the 2018 academic year. For previously published regulations, refer to the Calendar archive (Academic Services website). Find key terms in the Glossary of terms.

Regulations for the Degree of Master of Science

These regulations must be read in conjunction with the General Regulations for the University.

1.
Version

These Regulations came into force on 1 January 2018.

2.
Variations

In exceptional circumstances the Academic Dean of Science may approve a personal programme of study which does not conform to these regulations.

3.
The structure of the qualification

The programme for the Degree of Master of Science consists of Part I and Part II as set out in Schedule A to these Regulations.

(a)
A student who holds a Bachelor’s degree must complete Parts I and II.
(b)
A student must complete Part II only if:
i.
they hold a Bachelor’s degree with Honours or a Postgraduate Diploma, and
ii.
that degree or diploma was in the same discipline as the sought Master’s degree.
(c)
A student seeking their Master of Science in a different discipline to that of their previous degree or postgraduate diploma may need to complete all or some of Parts I and II at the discretion of the Academic Dean of Science.
(d)
A student may be enrolled in Part I and Part II sequentially or concurrently.
i.
A student who wishes to enrol concurrently must have at least a B+ grade average in the prerequisites listed in Schedule A, and be approved by the Head of Department/School.
(e)
Before submitting Part II for examination, a student must pass Part I to the standard required by the Head of Department/School.
(f)
A student may, with the approval of the Academic Dean of Science, replace up to 60 points of the Part I programme prescribed for their discipline by courses for another discipline at an equivalent level.
4.
Admission to the qualification
(a)
A student for the Degree of Master of Science must, before enrolling for the degree, have either:
i.
qualified for the Bachelor of Science, with or without Honours; or
ii.
qualified for a bachelor's degree, with or without Honours, and if necessary, passed any qualifying programme required by the Academic Dean of Science; or
iii.
qualified for the award of a Postgraduate Diploma in Science; or
iv.
been admitted with Academic Equivalent Standing.
(b)
A student for the degree must have been approved as a student by the Academic Dean of Science based on relevance and standard of previous study.
5.
Subjects

The degree may be awarded in any of the majors listed in Schedule A of these Regulations.

6.
Time limits
(a)
The time limit for Part I is:
i.
12 months for full-time enrolment, or
ii.
24 months for part-time enrolment.
(b)
The time limit for Part II is:
i.
24 months for full-time enrolment, or
ii.
48 months for part-time enrolment.
7.
Transfers of credit, substitutions and cross-credits

This qualification adheres to the General Regulations of the University with no additional stipulations.

8.
Progression
This qualification adheres to the General Regulations for the University, with the following stipulations:
(a)
If a student fails up to 30 points for Part I of the Master of Science degree, they may, with the permission of the Academic Dean of Science, repeat that course or courses, or substitute another course or courses of equal weight.
(b)
A student who fails more than 30 points for Part I will be withdrawn from the qualification.
9.
Honours, Distinction and Merit

This qualification adheres to the General Regulations for the University, and may be awarded with Distinction and Merit.

10.
Pathways to other qualifications
(a)
A student who has presented Part I of a Master of Science degree, but who has not submitted Part II, may apply to the Academic Dean of Science to transfer to the Bachelor of Science with Honours degree or the Postgraduate Diploma in Science, provided that the programme of study meets the requirement for that degree or diploma.
(b)
A student who has not met the requirements of the Masters of Science degree, or wishes to transfer, may apply to the Academic Dean of Science for admission to the Postgraduate Diploma in Science, and complete such courses as specified by the Dean of Science.
(c)
A student who has started Part II (thesis) may apply to the Dean of Postgraduate Research to transfer the PhD.

Schedule A to the Regulations for the Degree of Master of Science

For full course information, go to www.canterbury.ac.nz/courses

Antarctic Studies

The Antarctic Studies programme is MSc Part II only and consists of a thesis totalling 120 points.

Applied Psychology

Part I consists of courses totalling 120 points selected from APSY 601-619 and PSYC 451, 460, 464, 473, and msut include PSYC 460. With the approval of the Head of Department, one or more PSYC 400 level courses may be substituted. Note: Not all courses may be offered in any one year.

Part II consists of APSY 660 Dissertation (90 points) and a further 30 points selected from the same set of courses offered in Part 1.

P:
(1)
PSYC 105 and PSYC 106; and
(2)
PSYC 206, and three courses from PSYC 207-212, and
(3)
At least 75 points of 300-level PSYC, including PSYC 344.

A B grade average in three PSYC 300-level courses is normally required. See the Limitation of Entry regulations.

Astronomy

Part I: ASTR 480, PHYS 407, ASTR 422, ASTR 423 or ASTR 425, and three other courses from ASTR 421-427, PHYS 411-460, MDPH 403, MDPH 406, with a maximum of two courses from PHYS 440-460.

Notes: Not all courses may be available in any one year. With the approval of the Head of Department, up to two courses may be replaced by appropriate courses from another subject. The choice of courses is subject to the approval of the Head of Department of Physics and Astronomy.

Part II: A thesis (ASTR 690) which shall normally be presented not later than 12 months after the date of enrolment for Part II.

P:
90 points at 300-level approved by the Head of Department.

Note: A student will normally be expected to have taken PHYS 311, PHYS 312 or PHYS 313, and PHYS 326.

Biochemistry

Part I: Courses totalling at least 120 points as approved by the Director of Biochemistry. Normally courses are selected from BCHM 455 (BIOL 455), BCHM 456 (BIOL 456), BCHM 457 (BIOL 457), BCHM 459 (BIOL 459), BCHM 460 (BIOL 460), BCHM 461 (BIOL 461), BCHM 462 (BIOL 462), BCHM 420, and CHEM 421-422. Other suitable courses include: BCHM 407-409, BIOL 429-462, BIOL 481, BIOL 496.

Part II: A thesis (BCHM 690) on a research project selected with the approval of the Director of Biochemistry.

In determining the class of honours, Part I and Part II are weighted in the ratio 2:3.

P:
90 points in 300-level courses: 70 points from BCHM 305, BCHM 306, BCHM 338, BCHM 339 and BCHM 381; and additional points normally from CHEM 321, CHEM 322, CHEM 324, CHEM 362, CHEM 381, CHEM 382, BIOL 313, BIOL 330, BIOL 351 or BIOL 352.

Biological Sciences

Part I: Courses totalling at least 120 points including BIOL 411 and BIOL 412. At least 60 points are to be selected from other BIOL 400-level courses. The remaining courses may be selected with the approval of the School of Biological Sciences Fourth Year Coordinator.

Part II: A thesis (BIOL 690) which shall normally be presented no later than 12 months after the date of enrolment for Part II. A student must consult the MSc regulations for details of other requirements for this degree. In determining the class of honours, Part I and Part II are weighted in the ratio 2:3

P:
(1)
60 points from 300-level BIOL courses, BCHM 305, BCHM 306; and
(2)
BIOL 309 or GEOG 309 or PSYC 206 or STAT 201 or STAT 202.

Biotechnology

Part 1: Courses totalling at least 120 points including BIOL 411, BIOL 412 and BIOL 496. At least 45 points are to be selected from BIOL 429, BIOL 455-457 (BCHM 455-457), and BIOL 459-463 (BCHM 459-462). The remaining courses may be selected with the approval of the School of Biological Sciences Fourth Year Coordinator.

Part II: A thesis (BIOT 690). A student must consult the MSc regulations for details of other requirements for this degree. In determining the class of honours, Part I and Part II are weighted in the ratio 2:3.

P:
At least 60 points from BCHM 301, BCHM 305, BCHM 306, BIOL 313, BIOL 333, BIOL 334, BIOL 335, BIOL 351, BIOL 352 or appropriate advanced level courses in biochemistry and the molecular biosciences.

Cellular and Molecular Biology

Part I: Courses totalling at least 120 points including BIOL 411 and BIOL 412. At least 30 points are to be selected from BIOL 455-456 (BCHM 455-456), BIOL 459-462 (BCHM 459-462) and BIOL 496. The remaining courses may be selected with the approval of the School of Biological Sciences Fourth Year Coordinator.

Part II: A thesis (CEMB 690). A student must consult the MSc regulations for details of other requirements for this degree. In determining the class of honours, Part I and Part II are weighted in the ratio 2:3.

P:
At least 60 points selected from BCHM 301, BCHM 305, BCHM 306, BIOL 313, BIOL 330, BIOL 333, BIOL 334, BIOL 335, BIOL 351, BIOL 352.

Note: A student will normally be expected to take BIOL 309.

Chemistry

Part I: All four courses CHEM 421-424 subject to the following qualifications:

A student credited with fewer than 70 points in 300-level Chemistry courses will be required to achieve concurrently a satisfactory standard in a further 15 points at 300-level as approved by the Head of Department.

Practical work is required in the Part I year and each student must submit a project report to the Head of Department not later than the date specified in the course information sheet issued upon enrolment.

The requirement for Part II is a thesis (CHEM 690) which, to be considered for honours or for Distinction, must be submitted not later than 12 months after the date of enrolment for Part II.

In determining the class of honours, Part I and Part II are weighted in the ratio 2:3.

P:
(1)
CHEM 211, either CHEM 212 or BCHM 212, and CHEM 251 and (CHEM 242 or BCHM 206); or 60 points from CHEM 211-223 and CHEM 271-273, BCHM 205 and BCHM 206; and
(2)
CHEM 281 or BCHM 281; and
(3)
at least 60 points from CHEM 321–373, BCHM 338 and BCHM 339; and
(4)
at least one of CHEM 381 and CHEM 382.

Child and Family Psychology

Part I: 150 points - which shall normally consist of six courses comprising CFPY 601-604, HLTH 472 and an approved 15-point postgraduate Research Methods course , or equivalent, as approved by the Head of the School of Health Sciences.

Part II: 120 points - consisting of a thesis (CFPY 695). In determining the class of Honours Part I and Part II are weighted in the ratio 1:1. The subject area of the thesis shall be approved prior to registration of the thesis by either:
(a)
the Head of the School of Health Sciences (in the case of students concurrently enrolled in the Postgraduate Diploma in Child and Family Psychology) or
(b)
the Head of the Department/School/Centre in which the proposed senior supervisor is located (in consultation with the Director, Health Sciences Centre and any other HOD/S involved in supervision).
P:
Part I
(1)
A Bachelors degree with a major in Psychology; or
(2)
Any relevant Bachelors degree and a Graduate Diploma of Science in Psychology; and
(3)
PSYC 206 Research Design and Statistics or other research methods paper deemed equivalent.

A student will normally be expected to have at least a B average in their 300-level undergraduate courses.

Part II: Completion of Part I

Computational and Applied Mathematical Sciences

Part I: Eight approved courses chosen from MATH 401-490 and STAT 401-490 (other than MATH449 or STAT 449). With the approval of the Programme Coordinator, candidates may substitute one or two courses from other subjects in an applications area.

Part II: A thesis (CAMS 690).

The weighting of Parts I and II will be in the ratio 1:2.

P:
Met the majoring requirements for entry into a BSc(Hons) in Mathematics, or Statistics, or, with HOS approval, the equivalent.

Computer Science

Part I consists of COSC 469 and seven further courses chosen from COSC 401-439, 462-474, and all SENG 400-level courses with the exception of SENG 402.

For Part II, a thesis (COSC 690) is required, and students must consult the MSc Regulations for details of this and other requirements for the degree.

The weighting of the two Parts in the assessment (including the determination of honours) shall be 1:2 for Part I to Part II.

P:
60 points at 300-level in Computer Science (including SENG 301, SENG 302, SENG 365, ENCE 360, ENCE 361).

Data Science

Part I consists of eight courses (with the approval of the Director of Studies) from COSC (COSC 401–439, COSC 462–474), DATA (DATA 420–440), MATH (MATH 401–448, 450–490), STAT (STAT 401–448, 450–490), and SENG (SENG 401, 403–490). At least 30 points must be taken from the prescribed COSC and SENG coded courses, and a further 30 points from the prescribed MATH and STAT coded courses.

Part II consists of a project (DATA 690).

P:
All the required 300-level courses for the BSc in Data Science.

Disaster Risk and Resilience

The Disaster Risk and Resilience programme is MSc Part II only and consists of a thesis totalling 120 points.

Ecology

Part I: Courses totalling at least 120 points including BIOL 411 and BIOL 412. Additional courses are to be selected, with the approval of the School of Biological Sciences Fourth Year Coordinator, from BIOL 420, BIOL 423-429, BIOL 438, ENVR 410, ENVR 411, and FORE 616.

Part II: A thesis (ECOL 690). A student must consult the MSc regulations for details of other requirements for this degree. In determining the class of honours, Part I and Part II are weighted in the ratio 2:3.

P:
(1)
60 points from BIOL 370-379; and
(2)
BIOL 309 or equivalent.

Economics

Part I: Eight courses or their equivalent from ECON 601-679. Some Semester 2 courses may have a Semester 1 course as a prerequisite. All full time students must normally take four courses or their equivalent in each semester.

Part II: A thesis (ECON 699).

P:
(1)
ECON 206 or ECON 325; and
(2)
ECON 213 or STAT 202 or STAT 213; and
(3)
ECON 203 or (ECON 207 and ECON 208); and
(4)
60 points from 300-level Economics courses, including ECON 321, ECON 324, ECON 326 (or equivalent as approved by the Head of Department).

Alternatively, a student may apply to enter with a Graduate Diploma in Economics or a Graduate Diploma in Science, normally including ECON 321, ECON 324 and ECON 326. Normally a grade average of B or better is required in ECON 300-level prerequisite courses.

Engineering Geology

The programme of study consists of MSc Part II only consisting of a thesis totalling 120 points.

Environmental Science

It is desirable that an appropriate course of data analysis and computing should have been included in the undergraduate degree.

The programme of study for Part I is ENVR 410 (Concepts and Principles in Environmental Science), ENVR 411 (Case Studies in Environmental Science), and courses totalling not less than 90 points selected from relevant courses offered by the Environmental Science home departments/schools of Forestry (FORE), Geography (GEOG), Geological Sciences (GEOL and ENGE), and Biological Sciences (BIOL), and from relevant courses, as approved by the Coordinator, that are offered by Antarctic Studies (ANTA), Chemistry (CHEM), Chemical and Process Engineering (ENCH), Civil Engineering (ENCI) and Mathematics and Statistics (MATH and STAT). The selection should form a coherent thematic programme, and must be discussed with the Coordinator.

Note that normally all individual course prerequisites must be satisfied.

The requirement for Part II is a thesis (ENVR 690).

In determining the class of honours, Part I and Part II are weighted in the ratio of 2:3.

P:
90 points in appropriate 300-level courses in Science, Engineering and Forestry approved by the Coordinator. A minimum B grade in relevant 300-level courses is normally required.

Evolutionary Biology+

+ Not open to new enrolments in 2018.

Part I: Courses totalling at least 120 points including BIOL 411 and BIOL 412. At least 30 points are to be selected from BIOL 423, BIOL 429, BIOL 438, BIOL 456 (BCHM 456), BIOL 459 (BCHM 459) and BIOL 460 (BCHM 460). Additional courses may be selected with the approval of the School of Biological Sciences Fourth Year Coordinator.

Part II: A thesis (EVOL 690). A student must consult the MSc regulations for details of other requirements for this degree. In determining the class of honours, Part I and Part II are weighted in the ratio 2:3.

P:
(1)
BIOL 271; and
(2)
60 points selected from BIOL 330, BIOL 332, BIOL 334, BIOL 335, BIOL 371, BIOL 373; and
(3)
BIOL 309 or equivalent background in statistics.

Finance

Part I: A minimum of 120 points (1.00 EFTS) from FINC 601-680. Enrolment in any combination of courses is subject to the approval of the Head of Department. A student can normally attempt each course on offer only once.

Part II: A thesis (FINC 699)

The weighting of Parts I and II in the assessment is 1:1.

P:
Either: a BSc or BCom with major in Finance, including:
(1)
ECON 202; and
(2)
ECON 213 (or any 30 points from STAT 200-level courses); and
(3)
FINC 205; and
(4)
FINC 331.

A student requires at least a B+ average in 300-level FINC courses.

Or: a bachelors degree in a subject other than Finance, but including:
(1)
ECON 213 (or any 30 points from STAT 200-level courses); and
(2)
FINC 331; and
(3)
an additional 30 points in 300-level FINC courses.

A student requires at least an A- average in 300-level FINC courses.

Geography

Part I: Courses equivalent to 120 points from GEOG 401-420 and GISC 403-413 and GISC 416, with the approval of the Head of Department. Enrolment in GEOG 420 Research Project is recommended. Note: Not all courses will be offered in any one year.

Part II: Thesis (GEOG 695).

In determining the class of Honours Part I and Part II are weighted in the ratio 1:1.

P:
A student will normally be expected to:
(1)
either have passed 90 points in 300-level courses approved by the Head of Department (including GEOG 309 and at least 28-30 other points in 300-level Geography courses); or
(2)
to have completed 120 points at 300-level of which 56-60 points are in Geography and 56-60 points are in subjects approved by the Head of Department.

Geology

The programme of study for Part I is eight courses chosen from GEOL 473-489 with the approval of the Head of the Department of Geological Sciences. Part II is a thesis (GEOL 690).

In determining the class of Honours, Part I and II are weighted in the ratio of 1:2.

In order to proceed to Part II, the Head of Department normally requires a student to have attained a B+ grade average in Part I. A student who fail to meet this requirement, and who is declined entry to Part II by the Head of Department, may apply to have the courses credited towards the Postgraduate Diploma in Science.

Notes:
1.
With the approval of the Head of the Department of Geological Sciences, up to three courses from another relevant subject may replace three of the courses, or one full year course from another relevant subject may replace two of the courses.
2.
Practical and fieldwork may be required as part of any GEOL 473-489 courses.
3.
Not all courses may be offered in any one year.
P:
GEOL 351 and GEOL 352 (or equivalent fieldwork), and an additional 60 points from other GEOL 300-level courses, these prerequisite courses to have been passed with a grade average that meets the approval of the Head of Department (the normal requirement is at least a B grade average).

Hazard and Disaster Management+

+ Not open to new enrolments. Please refer to Disaster, Risk and Resilience.

The Hazard and Disaster Management programme is MSc Part II only and consists of a thesis totalling 1.0 EFTS (120 points).

Mathematics

Part I: Eight courses chosen from MATH 401-490 and STAT 401-490 (other than MATH 449 or STAT 449). Normally one of the eight courses must be MATH 443 if the student has not been credited with MATH 343 previously. Normally at least six courses will be chosen from the MATH course list.

Part II: A thesis (MATH 690).

The weighting of Parts I and II shall be in the ratio 1:2.

P:
Part I:
(1)
45 points from MATH 201, MATH 202, MATH 203, MATH 220 and MATH 240, including MATH 201 and at least one of (MATH 202 or MATH 203); and
(2)
60 points from MATH 301-394; and
(3)
An additional 30 points from MATH 301-394 and STAT 301-394 or other approved courses.

Medical Physics

Part I: Seven courses from MDPH 401-410 and one course from PHYS 410-460. With the approval of the Head of Department, one course may be replaced by an appropriate course from another subject. Note: the choice of courses is subject to the approval of the Head of Department of Physics and Astronomy.

Part II: A thesis (MDPH 690) which shall normally be presented no later than 12 months after the date of enrolment for Part II.

P:
90 points at 300-level, approved by the Head of Department.

Medical Physics (Clinical)

Only students accepted as Medical Physics Registrars by the Australasian College of Physical Scientists and Engineers in Medicine are eligible for this programme.

Part I: Seven courses from MDPH 401-410 and one course from PHYS 410-460; one course may be replaced by an appropriate course from another subject. Note: the choice of courses is subject to the approval of the Head of Department of Physics and Astronomy.

Part II: A thesis (MDPH 690) which shall normally be presented no later than 12 months (full-time enrolment) or 24 months (part-time enrolment) after the date of enrolment for Part II.

P:
90 points at 300-level, approved by the Head of Department.

Microbiology

Part I: Courses totalling at least 120 points including BIOL 411, BIOL 412, BIOL 455 (BCHM 455) and BIOL 456 (BCHM 456). At least 30 points are to be selected from BIOL 457 (BCHM 457), BIOL 459 (BCHM 459), BIOL 460 (BCHM 460), BIOL 463 and BIOL 496. Additional courses may be selected with the approval of the School of Biological Sciences Fourth Year Coordinator.

Part II: A thesis (MBIO 690). A student must consult the MSc regulations for details of other requirements for this degree. In determining the class of honours, Part I and Part II are weighted in the ratio 2:3.

P:
(1)
BIOL 313; and
(2)
At least 45 points selected from BCHM 301, BIOL 330, BIOL 331, BIOL 333, BIOL 335, BIOL 351, BIOL 352.

Note: A student will normally be expected to take BIOL 309.

Philosophy

Part I: 120 points chosen from PHIL 431, 432, 433, 434, 435, 436, 437, 438, 439, 440, 441, 442, 443, 444, 449, 450, 451, 452, 453, 454, 455, 456, 457, 458, 463, 464, 467, 468, 469, 470, 471, 472, 474, 475, 495, 498 (as for Philosophy BA(Hons)).

Part II: a thesis (PHIL 695).

In determining the class of honours, Part I and II are weighted in the ratio 1:1.

P:
60 points in Philosophy at 300-level.

Physics

Part I: PHYS 407, PHYS 480 and five courses chosen from PHYS 411-460, ASTR 421-425, MDPH 403, MDPH 406. A maximum of two courses from PHYS 440-460. Not all courses may be available in any one year. With the approval of the Head of Department, up to two courses may be replaced by appropriate courses from another subject. Note: the choice of courses is subject to the approval of the Head of Department of Physics and Astronomy.

Part II: A thesis (PHYS 690) which shall normally be presented not later than 12 months after the date of enrolment for Part II.

A student must consult the MSc Regulations for further requirements.

P:
90 points at 300-level approved by the Head of Department. Note: A student will normally be expected to have taken PHYS 311, PHYS 312 or PHYS 313 and PHYS 326.

Plant Biology+

+ Not open to new enrolments in 2018.

Part I: Courses totalling at least 120 points including BIOL 411 and BIOL 412. Remaining courses are to be selected, with the approval of the School of Biological Sciences Fourth Year Coordinator, from BIOL 423-429, BIOL 455, BIOL 459-461, BIOL 463 and BIOL 496.

Part II: A thesis (PBIO 690). A student must consult the MSc regulations for details of other requirements for this degree. In determining the class of honours, Part I and Part II are weighted in the ratio 2:3.

P:
At least 60 points from 300-level BIOL courses

Note: A student will normally be expected to take BIOL 309.

Psychology

Part I: Courses totalling 120 points from any 400-level courses in Psychology, including PSYC 460.

Part II:
(a)
PSYC 695 Psychology MSc Thesis
(b)
For a student who has not already been credited with PSYC 460 or PSYC 464, PSYC601 Research Methods in Psychology OR PSYC602 Multivariate Statistics & Methods in Psychology must be completed.
P:
(1)
PSYC 105 and PSYC 106; and
(2)
PSYC 206, and three courses from PSYC 207-212; and
(3)
At least 75 points of 300-level PSYC, including PSYC 344.

A B grade average in three PSYC 300-level courses is normally required.

Speech and Language Sciences

The Speech and Language Sciences programme consists of MSc Part II only consisting of one course and a thesis totalling 120 points, normally completed in one year.

Part II:
(a)
CMDS 605 Advanced Clinical Practicum, Supervision, and Administration (0.125 EFTS) or CMDS 604 Research Design (0.09 EFTS)
(b)
CMDS 695 MSc Thesis (Clinical) (0.875 EFTS) or CMDS 696 MSc Thesis (Non-clinical) (0.91 EFTS)
P:
(1)
CMDS 605 and CMDS 695: Four-year Bachelor of Speech and Language Therapy degree or a Bachelor of Speech and Language Pathology with Honours degree.
(2)
CMDS 696: Four-year Bachelor of Speech and Language Therapy degree or an approved undergraduate honours degree qualification in a related discipline.

Note: A B average or above is normally required.

Statistics

Part I: Eight courses chosen from STAT 401-490 and MATH 401-490 (other than STAT 449 or MATH 449). Normally one of the eight courses must be STAT 464 if the student has not been credited with STAT 213 or STAT 214 previously. Normally at least six courses will be chosen from the STAT course list.

Part II: A thesis (STAT 690)

The weighting of Parts I and II shall be in the ratio of 1:2.

P:
Part I:
(1)
MATH 103, MATH 109 or MATH 199; and
(2)
45 points from STAT 201-294; and
(3)
60 points from STAT 301-394; and
(4)
An additional 30 points from STAT 301-394 and MATH 301-394 or other approved courses.

Zoology+

+ Not open to new enrolments in 2018.

Part I: Courses totalling at least 120 points including BIOL 411 and BIOL 412. Additional courses are to be selected, with the approval of the School of Biological Sciences Fourth Year Coordinator, from BIOL 424-429, BIOL 459-463 and BIOL 481.

Part II: A thesis (ZOOL 690). A student must consult the MSc regulations for details of other requirements for this degree. In determining the class of honours, Part I and Part II are weighted in the ratio 2:3.

P:
At least 60 points from 300-level BIOL courses

Note: a student will normally be expected to take BIOL 309.