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English Language

English Language studies focus on the structure, functions and contexts of use of English. Students learn about the sound systems and grammatical systems of English, and how English varies in different historical, geographical and social contexts.

The Certificate in Arts (CertArts) is designed for you if you want to study at university level without having to commit to several years of study. It is also an option if you want to take a few courses for interest or study part-time.

To find out more see the Qualifications webpages, or contact one of our staff members.

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English Language

By the end of your degree, you will have acquired knowledge of the structure, functions and contexts of use of English. You will know about the sound systems and grammatical systems of English, and you will understand how English varies in different historical, geographical and social contexts.

For full details of the courses offered in English Language, follow the link box below.

Skill development

English Language provides a foundation for careers which require advanced communication skills and/or a detailed understanding of how English works, such as teaching, management, marketing, the media, and publishing.

The goals of the major in English Language are to equip students with knowledge of:

  • The structure of the English Language, including its sound systems and its grammatical systems.
  • The history of English, including the linguistic changes that took place in the transition from Old English to Middle English to Modern English.
  • The history of English in New Zealand, including knowledge of what early New Zealand English was like, and how it has changed over time.
  • The social contexts of English across the world, including how it varies according to different geographical and social settings.

How is the major in English Language structured?

For the major in English Language, you need a total of 135 points. 105 points come from the following five core courses:

The remaining 30 points can be gained by taking EITHER (a) a further 30 points at 200-level or above from the available Linguistics courses, OR (b) a further 15 points (200 level or above) from the available Linguistics courses and 15 points (200 level or above) from the courses available in the English Department.

How is the minor in English Language structured?

For the minor in English Language, you need a total of 75 points from the ENLA courses listed above, at least 45 of those points much be at 200 level or above.

NB: The ENLA courses above are also coded as LING courses (e.g. LING101 and ENLA101 is the same course). You obviously can’t do the same course twice, so if you have done LING101 you can credit it to either the Linguistics major or the English Language major.

Is a major in English Language the same as a major in English?

No. The major in English Language is run by the Linguistics Department, and in it we focus on how the language works, and how it varies in different contexts, and how people use English for different purposes.

The major in English is run by the English Department, and focuses on English literature. Of course, the two areas are closely related, and there are a number of ways to connect to the two areas of study in your programme. For example, you could double major in English Language and English (or major in one subject and minor in the other).

Also, as part of the English Language major, it is possible to substitute one of the optional Linguistics courses for a course available in the English Department. You would still graduate with a major in English Language, but you would have built in a course on English literature as well.

Is it possible to double major in English Language and Linguistics?

Yes, it is possible, but any given course is only allowed to contribute to a single major. To double major in English Language and Linguistics, you would need to pass the following courses, and a course from the English Department:

Explore the full list of courses offered in

English Language

The Graduate Diploma in Arts offers people who hold a bachelors degree in a major in an unrelated area the opportunity to study arts in-depth, choosing from over 30 subjects.

The GradDipArts is designed for graduates seeking to qualify for entry to postgraduate qualifications in arts, to change career direction, or to extend or upgrade their existing qualifications.

Find out more about the Graduate Diploma in Arts on our Qualifications webpages or contact a staff member for advice.

Explore the full list of courses offered in

English Language

Linguistics

Linguistics is not taught in schools, so no specific background is needed. The main requirements are curiosity and a desire to improve one's ability to think and express oneself clearly. Some knowledge of a language or languages other than English is desirable but not essential.

Course advice

BA and BSC students are required to complete the following:

  • A total of 360 points credit
  • At least 215 points above 100-level
  • Of the 215 points, at least 90 points must be at 300-level
  • Satisfy the requirements for a major in one subject and a minor in another subject, or for two majors in two different subjects.

Requirements for a major in Linguistics

Students need to pass the following core courses in Linguistics:

Students are required to pass a course worth 15 points in a language other than English (or satisfy the Head of Linguistics that they have the equivalent ability)

Compulsary 300-level courses

Students must take two courses in Linguistics at 300-level one of which must be:

You can also take courses from other departments when studying toward a BA or BSc in Linguistics.

Requirements for a minor in Linguistics

Students must be credited with at least 75 points in Linguistics which must include at least 45 points at 200-level or above.

The Linguistics and Sociolinguistics of English around the world is a distance-learning programme intended for people who already hold a bachelor’s degree in Linguistics or another subject and who are seeking specialised content about the English Language. It is ideal for people wishing to embark on professional development while remaining in employment. Size and duration: 60 points of 400/600 level courses; 2 semesters (1 course per semester).

Course details

A Postgraduate Certificate (PGCert) is a short and focused programme of study, allowing participants to gain additional skills and a recognised qualification without a long term commitment. A PGCert is an ideal qualification for anyone wishing to embark on professional development while remaining in full time employment.

PGCert participants will be introduced to sophisticated subject matter and develop skills in the critical evaluation of academic literature in their discipline or area of specialisation. They will also foster high-level skills in critical thinking, problem solving, and communication.

The great thing about the PGCert in Arts is that this qualification can be:

  • completed in a relatively short period of time (6 months full-time study or 12 months part-time)
  • studied part-time, which is ideal for those wishing to undertake professional development or to expand their disciplinary knowledge in a relevant field whilst working or juggling other commitments
  • an ideal stepping stone to further postgraduate programmes on offer at UC.

Course content - The Linguistics and Sociolinguistics of English around the world

For a PGCert in Arts with focus on Linguistics, students do two 30-point postgraduate level courses. We have packaged together two courses which combine to provide a detailed examination of the linguistic structures of English (LING400 English Structures) and of how English varies geographically and socially across the world (LING615 World Englishes). These courses are ideally suited to a PGCert because:

  • They are taught via distance learning. There is no need to come to the UC campus – all lectures are provided online as recordings, and all other work is also conducted online.
  • Students do just one course at a time. LING400 English Structures runs from November to February, and LING615 World Englishes runs from February to June.
  • Students do not require previous training in Linguistics. LING400 English Structures acts as an introduction to Linguistics, and provides the necessary background for LING615 World Englishes.

Find out more about the Postgraduate Certificate in the Arts - Linguistics.

Honours is intended for people who already have a bachelor’s degree with a major in Linguistics. It is an extension of undergraduate study and an introduction to more advanced research.

Size and duration

90 points of 400/600 level courses, 30 points research project; 2 semesters full time. Part time study is also available.

Course details

The Linguistics Honours year is a taught programme with a research focus. It connects to and extends the work covered in Linguistics classes at undergraduate level. You will discuss the latest research in the field, and you will plan and carry out your own research in a small project, both by working individually and in collaboration with staff and other students.

Honours students are a very important part of the research culture of our department, and can often be found in our labs even when out of classes, working on their honours research and also on other projects. Honours students are regularly employed as research assistants on a wide range of projects, and so get the opportunity to enhance their research skills and get paid while doing so.

During your honours year, you will work on an individual research project (which we call LING480: Research Essay). After some classes focusing on research design and methodology, you will work closely with a supervisor or a small supervisory team and produce a research report on a linguistics topic of your choosing. As well as this, you choose three out of the four taught courses listed below:


Find out more about Honours in Linguistics.

If you have questions about Honours in Linguistics please contact the Linguistics Subject Coordinator.

Master of Linguistics (MLING)

The Master of Linguistics (MLING) is intended for people who already have a bachelor’s degree with a major in Linguistics (or who have a bachelor’s degree in a different subject and who have completed a qualifying paper in Linguistics). The MLING is a one-year Masters level qualification in which students extend their undergraduate study and carry out a substantial research project. Size and duration: 90 points of 400/600 level courses, 90 points research project; 12 months full time. Part time study is also available.

Find out more about the Master of Linguistics degree.

Master of Arts

The MA Thesis LING690 is intended for people who already have BA (Honours) in Linguistics. Students carry out a substantial research project with guidance from a supervisor. There are no taught courses on this programme. Size and duration: 120 points research project; 1-2 years full time. Candidates can start at any time throughout the year.

Entry requirements

The prerequisite for enrolment for an MA in Linguistics is a BA(Hons) in Linguistics. A first-class or upper second-class Honours grade will normally be required.

Course structure

The Masters thesis is an original research project, normally not more than 40,000 words in length. Full-time enrolment for a Masters by thesis is for a minimum of one year and a maximum of three years. Candidates in Linguistics are encouraged to plan to complete the thesis within two years.

Identifying a topic

Prospective Masters and PhD candidates should identify a thesis topic in consultation with the prospective supervisor and prepare a preliminary research proposal. The proposal should identify the issue to be addressed, with a brief statement of how the proposed research relates to existing findings, outline the proposed research method, including an indication of the timetable for the project, and include a select bibliography.

Linguistics staff have internationally recognised expertise in syntax and lexis, word formation, oral formulaic theory, morphology, language change, the origin and evolution of language, discourse analysis, grammaticalisation, sociolinguistic theory, sociophonetics, laboratory phonology, and semantics.

For further details, see the pages of the individual staff members and their UC Research Profile.

The proposal should then be submitted to the Head of School for approval prior to enrolment.

Linguistics MA students' research profiles

Linguistics PhD students' research profiles

  • Khalid Aljawazneh - Production and Perception of Non-Native Initial and Final Consonant Clusters by Jordanian Arabic Speakers
  • Mohammed Dagamseh - Language maintenance, Shift and Variation among Arabic Jordanian Immigrants in Christchurch/ New Zealand
  • Ahmad S. Haider - Corpus Based Critical Discourse Analysis of “Arab Spring” in Media.
  • Hasliza Abd Halim
  • Matthias Heyne - The Influence of First Language on playing Brass Instruments
  • Dan Jiao - Non-canonical uses of personal pronouns in modern Chinese and New Zealand English.
  • Jacqui Nokes
  • Ryan G. Podlubny - A cross-dialectal exploration of cue weighting in speech perception and production: Contrasting western Canadian English and New Zealand Pākehā English
  • Darcy Rose - Effects of morphological predictability on the acoustics of short morphemes
  • Mineko Shirakawa - The impact of language internal and external factors on simultaneous bilingual acquisition of Japanese in Japanese-Brazilian Portuguese bilingual children.
  • Keyi Sun - Language embodiment and language in body movement: testing temporal metaphor across different language speakers.
  • Xuan Wang - A Sociophonetic Account of L-words in Chinese Jin Dialect
  • Theses from past students

A number of scholarships are available to students of Linguistics and English Language.

Use the links below to help search the Scholarships database.

University of Canterbury Scholarships for Masters and Doctoral candidates

The University awards scholarships for Masters and Doctoral candidates. The scholarships are awarded on a competitive basis in two rounds per year, with application deadlines in mid-May and mid-October.

To provide departmental endorsement of an application for a scholarship, the Head of Department requires a brief outline of the intended research topic and approval of the topic from the main supervisor. Please get in touch with individual staff members who might be able to supervise your topic to pursue this further. See the staff page for further information about research interests.

Other sources of funding

The New Zealand Institute of Language, Brain and Behaviour occasionally has PhD scholarship vacancies. Check the NZILBB website for further details.

More information

  • See the Course Information website for more details about studying Linguistics.
  • See the Course Information website for more details about studying English Language.

Explore the full list of courses offered in

Linguistics